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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 24, 1987

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'East-West relations'

    An analysis of the state of East-West relations. The document covers US-USSR relations, CSCE, euro-Soviet relations, and USSR internal developments.

  • November 25, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council. Consultations with Secretary of State Shultz'

    Summary of the discussions between Secretary of State Shultz and Minister of Foreign Affairs Shevardnadze in preparation for the Washington Summit. Shultz confirms that a joint working text has been produced and the preprations for signing the INF treaty in Washington are well underway.

  • December 09, 1987

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • December 10, 1987

    Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. Gorbachev asks that on the day they begin the withdrawal the United States also cease supporting the opposition forces.

  • 1988

    Memo, Concerning Draft Agreement About the Observance of the ABM Treaty and Non-Withdrawal Period

    Memo describing Geneva negotiations between the United States and Soviet Union on the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. The two sides disagreed on the restrictions of the non-withdrawal period and the testing of ABM components or sensors in space.

  • May 29, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation, the President's First One-on-One Meeting with General Secretary Gorbachev

    Reagan and Gorbachev's first conversation during Reagan's 1988 visit to Moscow.

  • October 31, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Gorbachev et al prepare for their upcoming UN visit, and discuss presenting their reformed policies, arms reductions, the implementation of perestroika, withdrawal of troops from Hungary, and overall Soviet-American relations.

  • January 17, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and H. Kissinger

    Gorbachev and Kissinger discuss opening up a secret line of communication between Soviet Union and the US, facilitated by Kissinger and Brent Scowcroft, and coordinating a visit between President Bush and Gorbachev in the near future.

  • January 23, 1989

    Record of Telephone Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and President of the United States George Bush

    Notes from a phone conversation between President George H.W. Bush and Gorbachev regarding Henry Kissinger's recent visit with Gorbachev.

  • February, 1989

    Cable from the US Embassy in Moscow to Secretary of State for General Scowcroft, 'The Soviet Union Over the Next Four Years'

    Predictions about the next four years in the Soviet Union's evolving political and cultural landscape, including that internal protests against perestroika will dominate the focus of Soviet leadership, that perestroika and its attendant backlash will in turn redistribute funds away from military spending, and that ultimately, these and other conflicts and pressures will promulgate the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  • February 26, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Zhao Ziyang

    George H.W. Bush and Zhao Ziyang discuss Sino-American relations and China's reform and opening, in addition to the situations in Korea, India, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union.

  • April 06, 1989

    Record of Negotiations between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher, London

    Negotiations between Gorbachev and Thatcher on U.S. and British concerns, as well as Britain's cautious optimism, about the Soviet Union's perestroika and glasnost policies.

  • May 11, 1989

    Soviet Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and US Secretary of State J. Baker

    Gorbachev and Baker discuss cuts in tactical nuclear weapons.

  • May 16, 1989

    Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping (Excerpts)

    Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping discuss Sino-Soviet relations as well as relations with the United States.

  • June 12, 1989

    Record of the First Conversations Between Mikhail Gorbachev and FRG President Richard von Weizsäcker

    Gorbachev and Weizsäcker discuss Soviet-American relations and the Bush administration.

  • June 12, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Chancellor of FRG H. Kohl

    Gorbachev and Kohl share their impressions of the newly elected George Bush and discuss events in Eastern Europe.

  • September 22, 1989

    Presidential National Security Directive 23, "Untied States Relations with the Soviet Union"

    Presidential directive from George Bush regarding the changing nature of relations between the Soviet Union and the United States and the end of US containment policy.

  • October 24, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 24 October 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 24 October 1989 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, and Colombia.

  • November 21, 1989

    Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney.

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss US interference in Eastern Europe and increasing cooperation with Western Europe. They also briefly discuss George Bush's leadership.

  • December 02, 1989

    Notes by A. S. Chernyaev, Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and George H. W. Bush at Malta Summit

    George H.W. Bush and Gorbachev meet off the coast of Malta in a meeting that came to symbolize the end of the Cold War. While no agreements were concluded, the leaders decided to press ahead in the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START), as well as in efforts to reduce arsenals of chemical weapons and conventional forces in Europe. Bush also made a number of proposals to advance bilateral relations, including steps to normalize trade relations through the granting of most-favored nation status, efforts to bar Congressional restrictions on credits, and US support for Soviet observer status at the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).