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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 15, 1986

    Letter from the International Olympic Committee President to the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of the ROK with a Summary of the January 8-9 1986 Meeting between the Two Korean NOCS

    A letter from IOC President Samaranch to the North Korean Olympic Committee, which included a summary of a recent meeting between the Olympic Committees of North and South Korea, at which some of the issues discussed were events that could be held in North Korea, the torch relay, and future meetings.

  • January 20, 1986

    International Olympic Committee Meeting with the DPRK’s National Olympic Committee regarding North Korea’s Participation in the 1988 Olympics

    Notes on an informal meeting between IOC President Samaranch and members of the North Korean Olympic Committee. North Korea stated that it would want at least eight events to occur on their territory, as opposed to the three offered. North Korea was also interested in involvement with the torch relay and reiterated its desire to include "Pyongyang" in the official name of the Olympics.

  • February 17, 1986

    Washington, DC to Department of External Affairs (Canada), 'Alliance Problems Over INF'

    In a flurry of cables from February 1986, Canadian assessments focused on a chronic issue within NATO: in consultation within the alliance. The Special Consultative Group was used as a forum to “air views of allies,” hold briefings on the current state of negotiations, and to share a new negotiating position right before it was tabled. Canadian officials also warned of disagreement to come between the Europeans and the Americans over the “zero option,” the longstanding proposal to reduce both US and Soviet INF to zero.

  • February 19, 1986

    Brussels–NATO (BNATO) to Department of External Affairs (Canada), 'Alliance Problems Over INF'

    In a flurry of cables from February 1986, Canadian assessments focused on a chronic issue within NATO: consultation within the alliance. As this dispatch from Brussels concluded, paraphrasing Winston Churchill, “NATO nuclear collective consultation is the worst form, except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.”

  • February 27, 1986

    Brussels to Department of External Affairs (Canada), 'Zero Option and the Europeans'

    Canadian officials warned of disagreement to come between the Europeans and the Americans over the “zero option,” the longstanding proposal to reduce both US and Soviet INF to zero. This dispatch from Brussels reported “substantial unhappiness” amongst the Europeans that the United States and the Soviet Union would discuss disarmament “even if neither of them believed in it.” Nuclear deterrence had prevented war in Europe for the preceding four decades, and US-Soviet discussions of disarmament only made it even more difficult to convince public opinion of deterrence’s continued importance

  • March 07, 1986

    International Olympic Committee Meeting with the South Korean Sports Minister and his Delegation regarding the Asian Games and Television Rights

    Notes on a meeting between the IOC and the South Korean Sports Minister, discussing preparations for the Asian games, television rights and IOC meetings in Seoul.

  • March 07, 1986

    International Olympic Committee Meeting with the DPRK delegation regarding the Details of holding the 1988 Olympic Games in Pyongyang

    Notes on a meeting between IOC President Samaranch (with IOC VP Siperco) and members of the North Korean Olympic Committee. Topics discussed included sports events to be held in Pyongyang, the name to be given to the 1988 Summer Games, the organization of games in Pyongyang, and a joint North-South Korea team.

  • April 19, 1986

    International Olympic Committee President interview with Chun Doo-hwan on North Korean Threats to the 1988 Seoul Olympics

    IOC President Samaranch speaks to South Korean President Chun Doo-Hwan. Samarach tries to persuade Chun to concede some of the sports organizing at the upcoming Summer 1988 Olympics to North Korea, as their demands have "decreased drastically." Chun fears that concessions now will lead to greater concessions in the future. Chun urges Samaranch to take control of the situation, as the IOC is well-respected. In order for the IOC to negotiate with North Korea, North Korea must declare that it will honor the Olympic Charter.

  • April 25, 1986

    Meeting between President Chun Doo Hwan and President Samaranch

    Meeting between President Chun Doo Hwan and President Samaranch

  • May 29, 1986

    Embassy Islamabad Cable 11791 to Department of State, 'Nuclear: Solarz Conversation with GOP'

    The year after Congress passed the Solarz amendment in August 1985, Rep. Stephen Solarz (D-CA) traveled to Pakistan, a country that would become a major test case for the amendment which cut off U.S. foreign aid to recipients. Solarz confronted General Zia and other top officials with his perception, based on U.S. intelligence, that Pakistan’s Kahuta plant was enriching weapons-grade enriched uranium. The Pakistanis strenuously denied the charge.

  • June 10, 1986

    Memorandum of the Two-Day Meeting between the Two Korean National Olympic Committees and the International Olympic Committee on June 10-11, 1986

    Memorandum of negotiations between the NOCs of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the IOC in Lausanne from June 10-11, 1986.

  • June 16, 1986

    Kenneth Adelman, Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, to Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, 'Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons Programs and US Security Assistance'

    A letter from the United States Control and Disarmament Agency assessing Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program and US security assistance. Three main issues and possible courses of actions are discussed; they include President Reagan’s “red lines,” certification of Pakistani nuclear activity and convincing Congress to continue aid to Pakistan after September 1987.

  • July 15, 1986

    Briefing Book, 'Visit of Prime Minister Junejo of Pakistan, July 15-21, 1986'

    A briefing book for the July 15th-21st visit of Pakistani Prime Minister Junejo to Washington. The book covers a wide range of topics including a summary of the US-Pakistani relationship, US and Pakistani goals, visitation schedules and topics for discussion including Afghanistan, Pakistan’s nuclear program and narcotics

  • July 23, 1986

    State Department Cable 229696 to US Embassy France et al., 'Visit of Pakistani Primin Mohammad Khan Junejo to Washington – 15-18 July 1986'

    A State Department Cable detailing the visit of Pakistani Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo to Washington D.C. According to administration officials, Junejo was “astute and well briefed” and professed to be responsive to the U.S. emphasis on the “absolute criticality” of “restraint” in Pakistani nuclear activities. In meetings with the press, Junejo “specifically affirmed” commitment not to enrich uranium above the five percent level.

  • September 08, 1986

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'President Sarney and Brazil’s Nuclear Policy'

    A Directorate of Intelligence analysis, prepared in 1986, provides an interesting contrast with excisions in the NIEs on the indigenous program; it includes details on the major Navy, Air Force, and Army components of the indigenous program, including the nuclear submarine objective. As with the NIEs, the authors of this report saw no “political decision” on nuclear weapons and further noted President Sarney’s public statements against a weapons program. But a piece of political intelligence initially excised from this report suggested, rightly or wrongly, that Sarney may have been personally ambivalent.

  • September 08, 1986

    Memorandum by Director of Global Issues, 'President Sarney and Brazil´s Nuclear Policy'

    This is a CIA assessment of Brazilian nuclear politics a few weeks before President Sarney's visit to the U.S.

  • September 26, 1986

    Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Intelligence, 'European Review [Redacted]'

    Brief summaries of intelligence from Europe.

  • October 10, 1986

    Summary of Negotiations between the Two Korean National Olympic Committees

    IOC Summary Report on negotiations between North Korea, South Korea, and the IOC over the 1988 Olympic Games.

  • October 15, 1986

    Recommendation by the National Olympic Committee of the ROK to the International Olympic Committee on North Korea

    A message from South Korea to the IOC thanking them for their work on the upcoming 1988 Summer Olympics. They also express their mistrust and apprehension toward working with North Korea on the Games.

  • March 19, 1987

    Letter from Kim Philbey from Moscow to Gen. T. Boydjiev