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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 13, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and British Charge d'Affaires Con O'Neill

    O’Neill passed on US position on the Sino-US talks in Geneva to Zhou. Zhou and O’Neil exchanged the positions of both countries regarding the talks and the dispute regarding the repatriation of the Chinese and American nationals to their country of origins.

  • July 14, 1955

    The Response of the People’s Republic of China’s Government to the United States Government, Transmitted through the British Government

    The Chinese government indicates that it wishes for "higher-level" talks with the United States.

  • July 15, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and British Charge d’Affaires Con O’Neill

    Zhou asked O’Neill to convey China’s opinions on the date and time of the first Geneva talk and a draft of Sino-US joint communiqué to the US government.

  • July 17, 1955

    Joint Communiqué (Draft), Proposed by Premier Zhou to British Charge d’Affaires Con O’Neill

    China's draft communique proposes that the US and China elevate their talks in Geneva to the ambassadorial level.

  • July 17, 1955

    Cable from Pu Shouchang to Qiao Quanhua, 'The Premier's Specific Instructions'

    Zhou Enlai's instructions regarding the Sino-US talks

  • July 18, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Sending the Plan for the Sino-American Talks'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry sends instructions for the Sino-American ambassadorial talks.

  • July 18, 1955

    Memo, Pu Shouchang to Qiao Guanhua

  • July 18, 1955

    Plan for the Sino-US Ambassadorial Talks in Geneva

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry outlines objectives and strategies for negotiating with the United States.

  • July 18, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and British Charge d’Affaires Con O’Neill

    O’Neill passed on a draft joint news release from the US regarding the date of the first Sino-US Ambassadorial Talk. Zhou first disputed with O’Neil that the US calling the PRC capital "Peiping" instead of "Beijing/Peking" in the draft was disrespectful to China. Then, Zhou said that the Chinese government needed some time to consider the time suggested by the US as well as the wording of the draft. He did not accept the explanation from O’Neill regarding the draft per se and the name the US used in the draft.

  • July 26, 1955

    Additional Instructions Regarding the Sino-American Ambassadorial Talks at Geneva

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry offers some additional instructions for how to approach the talks with the United States.

  • July 30, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Please Postpone the Ambassadorial-level Talks to the Afternoon on the 1st of August'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry asked their negotiators to try to postpone the first meeting of the Sino-American talks so that the Ministry could send them instructions and the text of speech

  • July 30, 1955

    Cable from Dong Yueqian to Zhang Wentian

    Dong Yueqian instructs Zhang Wentian to form a "special supervisory group" for the Sino-American ambassadorial talks.

  • July 30, 1955

    Instructions on the Sino-American Ambassadorial Level Talks at Geneva (Excerpt)

    Instructions from the PRC Foreign Ministry to its negotiators at the Sino-American talks. These instructions concerned the PRC's basic policy, their attitude toward the question of expatriates, the US embargo against China, possible higher level Sino-American talks. Possible issues that could be raised by the US were also mentioned: The matter of US assets in China, the issue of shooting down commercial airliners, and the issue of cease-fire across the Taiwan Strait. Besides, the Foreign Ministry gave instructions on the attitude to adopt at the meetings as well as the need to constantly ask for instructions.

  • July 31, 1955

    Cable from Ma Lie to Zhang Wentian

    Ma Lie asks Zhang Wentian to form a “special supervisory group” for the Sino-American ambassadorial talks.

  • July 31, 1955

    Cable from the Foreign Ministry to Comrade Wang Bingnan, 'On the Text of Speech, Instructions, and Points of Attention at the Sino-American Talks'

    Several instructions from the PRC Foreign Ministry on how to handle the negotiations as well as two attachments regarding the text of speech for the first meeting of the Sino-American talks and the issue of news release during the talks

  • August 03, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Wang Bingnan, 'Instructions for the Third Meeting of the Sino-US Ambassadorial Talks'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry suspected that China’s release of 11 American spies had put pressure on the US side, making the US open to the idea of having a higher level meeting. The Foreign Ministry instructed the Chinese representatives to urge the US to promise to release Chinese students in the US in the next meeting, and also urge the US to accept the suggestion of bringing in third country (India) to help the release process, including financial support.

  • August 07, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Wang Bingnan, 'An Analysis of the Third Meeting'

  • August 07, 1955

    Instructions from the PRC Foreign Ministry On the Issue of Chinese Students in the US at the Sino-US Ambassadorial Talks

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry instructed Wang Bingnan how to counter-argue when Americans objected China’s suggestions regarding release of Chinese students in the US.

  • August 07, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Wang Bingnan, 'Talking Points for the Fourth Meeting'

    Instructions from the PRC Foreign Ministry on how to handle the three Chinese proposals that had not been satisfied in the 3rd meeting: The request for a name list of all Chinese nationals in the US, the demand that the US revoke its restriction on the exit of Chinese nationals and students, the proposal that both sides entrust a third country to look after its nationals in the other country.

  • August 10, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Wang Bingnan, 'Talking Points for the Fifth Meeting'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry instructed Chinese Representative Wang Bingnan to have the following major agreements in writing on the fifth meeting: (1) Any nationals who were willing to return to their countries should be granted permission; (2) China designated India and the US designated the UK to facilitate the repatriation of each other’s nationals.