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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials describing strikes made by Azerbaijani partisans against Iranian gendarmerie and popular rallies throughout Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • November 22, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Report sent to top Soviet officials declaring that all civic institutions are functioning normally under the partisans, and that the partisans are now attempting to peacefully overcome the remaining gendarmerie elements. Notes that they are also preparing for eventual retaliation from the Iranian government.

  • November 22, 1945

    Ivanov and Prikhodov Report on the Mongolian Referendum

    Report on a 1945 plebiscite to affirm the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic. The plebiscite was held as part of the terms of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, in which the nationalist Republic of China recognized the MPR in exchange for control of the province of Inner Mongolia, which had been occupied by Soviet and Mongolian troops during WWII.

  • November 23, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials reporting that Iranian troops had advanced on Tabriz and were waiting for reinforcements to engage the Azerbaijani partisans. Also notes that complications may arise as a result of General Derakhshani's institution of martial law in Tabriz.

  • November 24, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials regarding recent hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, but assuring officials that the situation in Iranian Azerbaijan is peaceful and under control. Notes that General Darakhshami is in need of reinforcements. Also describes the procedure undertaken disseminate the appeal and declaration of the Azerbaijani Founding Congress.

  • November 26, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials, describing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, which the partisans attempt to resolve peacefully but must sometimes resort to violence. Notes the "reactionary" rumors of chaos and violence being spread about the new state, but asserts that few believe these once visiting partisan-controlled cities.

  • November 26, 1945

    Cable No. 825/826 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    Petrov reports on the anti-Soviet mood in Northeast China and elsewhere around the country.

  • November 27, 1945

    Cable No. 832 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    A Soviet diplomat describes "anti-Soviet" feeling in China.

  • November 27, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message to top Soviet officials describing continuing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and the Iranian gendarmerie. In the actions described, the partisans are successful, killing very few gendarmes and preferring to disarm the rest.

  • November 28, 1945

    Beria’s Cover Memo to Stalin on Niels Bohr

    Memo to Stalin discussing Beria’s efforts to obtain information from physicist Niels Bohr about development of the atomic bomb.

  • November 28, 1945

    The Interrogation of Niels Bohr

    At the end of October 1945 two NDVD employees of the “S” Department for atomic intelligence activities were sent to Denmark to establish contact and speak with Niels Bohr. They managed to meet Bohr at his institute twice, on 14 and 16 November 1945, and obtained answers to 22 questions on constructing a nuclear reactor and the atomic bomb.

  • December, 1945

    Kurchatov’s Evaluation of Niels Bohr's Questioning

    Evaluation by the scientific director of the Soviet nuclear project, Igor Kurchatov, of the interview with Niels Bohr.

  • December 02, 1945

    Message from Bagirov and Maslennikov on the Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan

    A letter reporting about the situation in Iranian Azerbaijan and pressures from the Iranian government on the separatist regime.

  • December 05, 1945

    Telegram to Bagirov from Molotov on National Committee Proposal

    A letter from Molotov to Bagirov responding to a phone message about a proposal from the National Committee, indicating that it was agreeable.

  • December 10, 1945

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'

    This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.

  • December 15, 1945

    Message from Bagirov and Maslennikov, Forwarding 'An Appeal of the National Government of Azerbaijan to its Population'

    Public statement released by Jafar Pishavari on the intentions of the separtist government in Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • December 16, 1945

    Message from Bagirov and Maslennikov on Iranian Brigade in Rezaye

    Report about a skirmish between separatist forces and an Iranian brigade in Rezaye. The brigade was convinced to disarm and disperse.

  • December 18, 1945

    Message from Bagirov and Maslennikov on the Mood of the Population in Tabriz

    Report about the reaction of the population in Tabriz to the formation of the separatist National Government of Azerbaijan.

  • December 19, 1945

    Message from Bagirov on the Activities of the National Government of Azerbaijan

    Tabriz authorities requested permission to unofficially assign Azerbaijani advisors to each of its new ministers.

  • December 20, 1945

    Message to Bagirov from General-Lieutenant Korzhenevich

    Korzhenevich reports on the military situation in Iranian Azerbaijan.