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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 10, 1980

    The North-South Dialogue and Potential Codel Visit to North Korea

    Assistant Secretary Holbrooke informs the American Embassy in Seoul that Ambassador Kim Yong-sik and the ROK are extremely upset by Congressman Solarz's intent to go to Pyongyang. He emphasizes that Solarz is aware of US policy toward North Korea and would not carry a message from the US during his visit.

  • March 17, 1980

    Potential Solarz Codel to North and South Korea

    This note discusses Congressman Solarz's potential visit to North Korea.

  • March 17, 1980

    Potential Solarz Codel to North and South Korea

    The note recounts a discussion with the South Korean Ambassador regarding Congressman Solarz's intention to visit North Korea.

  • May 21, 1980

    Cable from the US Embassy in Seoul to the US Secretary of State, 'The Kwangju Crisis'

    Ambassador Gleysteen writes that the "massive insurrection in Kwangju is still out of control."

  • May 21, 1980

    Memorandum from Donald Gregg for Zbigniew Brzezinski, 'Up-Date on Korea'

    Donald Gregg proposes that the United States "work with the current Korean leadership" but "express a carefully calibrated degree of disapproval" of the Gwangju massacre.

  • May 22, 1980

    Record of Policy Review Committee Meeting, 'Korea'

    Officials from the US Department of State, the White House, the CIA, NSC, OSD, and JCS determine US policy toward South Korea in light of the events in Gwangju.

  • May 22, 1980

    Action Memorandum from Richard Holbrooke and Anthony Lake to the US Secretary of State, 'PRC Meeting on Korea'

    Richard Holbrooke and Anthony Lake brief the US Secretary of State on the upcoming policy review committee meeting on the ongoing unrest in South Korea.

  • May 23, 1980

    Memorandum from Donald Gregg for Zbigniew Brzezinski, 'Mike Oksenberg's Note on Korea'

    Donald Gregg and Michel Oksenberg outline US policy toward Korea in light of the incident in Gwangju.

  • August 04, 1980

    Records of Conversation between Congressman Stephen J. Solarz and Kim Il Sung and Kim Yong-nam

    In this lengthy transcript of discussions between Stephen Solarz and Kim Il Sung, Solarz poses questions about prospects for Korea's unification, exchanges between North and South Korea, and exchanges between North Korea and the U.S. In his response, Kim emphasizes the DPRK's views regarding the necessary preconditions for unification and increased cooperation between the two Koreas. Later, Kim Yong Nam continues to elaborate to Solarz on the North Korean perspective of unification and the role of the international community in perpetrating division.

  • August 15, 1980

    Congressman Solarz's Talks in North Korea

    In his National Security Council memorandum to Brzezinski, Donald Gregg notes that Kim Il Sung appears conciliatory toward the South during his conversation with Solarz. Gregg then makes recommendations on how the US and South Korea should respond.

  • September 03, 1980

    Congressman Solarz's Talks in North Korea

    Donald Gregg informs Brzezinski that Congressman Solarz had not forwarded the transcript of his conversations with Kim Il Sung and Kim Young Nam to South Korea.

  • April 09, 1981

    Special Assistant for NPI, NFAC, CIA, to Resource Management Staff, Office of Program Assessment et al, 'Request for Review of Draft Paper on the Security Dimension of Non-Proliferation'

    Just a few months into President Reagan’s first term his administration wanted to make its own mark on nonproliferation policy. The report suggests building “broader bilateral relationship[s]” and offering political and security incentives could persuade states considering developing nuclear weapons to cease these efforts.

  • May 30, 1984

    Stenographic Record of Conversation between Erich Honecker and Kim Il Sung

    Stenographic record of the first meeting between Kim Il Sung and Erich Honecker upon the former's 1984 official visit to the GDR. This is the morning session of 30 May 1984. Kim does most of the talking. Kim Il Sung discussed the economic situation in North Korea, objectives and problems of energy generation, the educational system. He asked the GDR for labor and cooperation in the education of specialists. He wanted to sign a long-term agreement of economic cooperation along with the intended friendship treaty. Kim Il Sung also evaluated the military situation in South Korea, explaining the problems of negotiations and reunification with the South. Honecker proposed the creation of an agreement towards economic and scientific cooperation between GDR and North Korea.

  • October 20, 1988

    Record of Conversation between Hwang Jang-yeop and A. Yakovlev

    The North Korean CC KWP secretary meets with the Soviet CC CPSU secretary and discusses the problem of the expansion of U.S. imperialism in the Asia Pacific. The North Korean CC KWP secretary stresses the issue of the unification of Korea and express the hope that the CPSU will influence other socialist countries so that they do not attempt to establish political relations with South Korea.

  • March 26, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Zhao Ziyang

    George H.W. Bush and Zhao Ziyang discuss Sino-American relations and China's reform and opening, in addition to the situations in Korea, India, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union.

  • January 07, 1992

    The South Korean Passenger Aircraft Incident (1983)

    V.A. Martynov reviews Soviet archival sources on the shoot down of the Korean Air Lines Flight 007 in 1983.

  • 1996

    Excerpts from Recollections by the Former Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Aleksandr Kapto

    Aleksandr Kapto reflects on the Soviet Union's normalization of relations with South Korea, and the consequential fallout in relations between North Korea and the USSR. According to Kapto, North Korea threatened to develop nuclear weapons and withdraw from the NPT as a result of Soviet-South Korean rapprochement.