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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 21, 1954

    The Situation in Jordan

    Detailed report on the political situation in Jordan following King Abdullah's assassinatio

  • September 15, 1951

    Untitled report on Prince Faisal's visit to London and its repercussions

    A lengthy report on reasons motivating Prince Faisal's visit to London, US-Britian contention for oil, and secrets regarding Iraq-Jordan unification.

  • July 13, 1971

    Preparing a Plan for a Coup in Sudan and Iraq

    A detailed outline of attendees and discussions of a secret conference of Arab communist parties to plan a coup in Sudan and Iraq, including a proposed agenda for escalation.

  • 1955

    Untitled report on a visit to the Communist Bloc

    Extensive account of Cheab's visit to Budapest, Kiev, Moscow, Leningrad, Georgia, Bucharest, Sofia, and Plovdiv.

  • May 28, 1960

    Report to the Minister of Defense Andreotti on the Trilateral Military Agreement

    Report on the Trilateral Military Agreement that Italy signed with Germany, France and England in 1957. Defense Ministers from those countries decided to increase military cooperation. This report to the Italian Defense Minister Andreotti is about the outcomes of the alliance in the ballistic sector.The document describes all new weapons developed and new aircrafts projects on the floor.

  • October 29, 1960

    Ten-Year Strategy Report by the General Staff of Defense (SMD) on Military problems of NATO to Minister of Defense Andreotti

    This ten-year strategy report created by the SMD is about perspectives and problems that NATO should face in developing a military strategy. Topics: French nuclear strategy; NATO tactical and strategic nuclear weapons; the relevance of conventional weapons; possible improvement in the decision to use nuclear weapons; nuclear cooperation and integration in NATO countries.

  • December 21, 1960

    Report by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio Segni to the Minister of Defense, Paris meeting of the Atlantic Council

    This report describes the development and outcomes of discussions at the Atlantic Council, Paris meeting. Topics: contrasts between two different tendencies : extensive vision of NATO power (supported by Italy, Germany, Canada and others) and the restrictive vision of NATO (sponsored by USA, France and UK); colonies; economic development; increasing Soviet threat.

  • December 14, 1978

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The autumn sessions of NATO Ministers of Defense meetings (Eurogroup: 4th December; DPC 5th-6th December 1978)'

    The 1978 fall sessions of the Eurogroup and the Defense Planning Committee discussed the Alliance's reaction to new nuclear capabilities of the Soviet Union and conventional build up of the Warsaw Pact. Even though the NATO states acknowledge that the Soviet Union will not be able to maintain its current efforts due to its economic problems, 1980s are seen as posing risks to the current peace.

  • December 18, 1978

    Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'The 1978 Ministerial Atlantic Council'

    Notes from the NATO Ministerial meeting. Topics discussed included the need to "relaunch" détente, Soviet policy in Africa, US optimism about SALT, political tensions in Romania, China and the Baltics, and European concerns over Soviet medium range missiles.

  • November 16, 1979

    Rinaldo Petrignani, NATO Deputy Secretary General), Speech to the Atlantic Council's Seminar of Study, Cini Foundation; Venezia, 15th-17th November 1970, 'NATO, Western Europe's security and the issue of SS-20 missiles'

    Vice Secretary General of NATO Rinaldo Petrignani sends PM Giulio Andreotti a report from the meeting of the Italian Atlatic Committee regarding Western European security situation and the threat posed by political and military modernization in the Soviet Union, and in particular, the introduction of SS20 missiles.

  • January 27, 1979

    Letter by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Forlani to the Minister of Defense Ruffini, and Ruffini's reply with attachment General Staff of Defense (SMD) note

    Correspondence between the Foreign Minister Forlani and Minister of Defense Ruffini regarding modernization of NATO's nuclear capabilities, including technical and military aspects, and political implications.

  • October 11, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'US strategic doctrine's update and consequences for the defense of Europe'

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO Tornetta to Foreign Minister Colombo regarding the new directive of President Carter (PD-59) on the use of strategic nuclear systems. According to Tornetta PD-59 represents a significant change in the balance between the superpowers and the allied defense posture in Europe.

  • October 15, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo: Atlantic Council - Consultations about security in view of the CSCE meeting to be held in Madrid"

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO, Tornetta, from the CSCE meeting in Madrid discusses the French proposal for a Conference on Disarmament (CDE) in Europe, and the negative impact of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on the international climate, even giving rise to disagreement among NATO members.

  • February 15, 1983

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Tornetta to Minster of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'Perspectives about Atlantic defense for the 1980s'

    Italy's pemanent representative to NATO, Vincenzo Tornetta, reports to foreign minister Colombo about the prospects of NATO's 1980s defence strategy. He offers an overview of the developments of the Alliance, and discusses topical questions including euromissiles and anti-war movements in Europe, and calls for increased openness and willingness to negotiate with the East.

  • December 08, 1983

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Notes for the discussion: East-West relations'

    This report is part of a wide documentation prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the meeting of the Atlantic Council in Brussels in December 1983. A central theme is the installation of the INF in Western Europe and the consequent interruption of the INF treaty negotiations in Geneva by the USSR.

  • December 08, 1983

    Note by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council - State of the Alliance'

    These notes from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs analyze the current state of the alliance. The document offers an overview of recent positive and negative developments , focusing on the issue of restarting the INF negotiations.

  • March 01, 1984

    Telegram by the Ambassador to the United States Petrignani to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Ambassador Petrignani reports his conversation with Vice Secretary of State Burt following Kissinger's interview in Time where he talks about NATO's crisis and need for burden sharing reform. Burt distances the current administration from Kissinger's views, stating instead that euro-american relations are "in good health", and there is no need for drastic measures.

  • December 05, 1983

    Telegram by Ambassador Rinaldo Petrignani, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Italian Ambassador to Washington, Rinaldo Petrignani, volunteers his views on the interruption of the INF negotiations, and their possible relaunch. He states that Italy's firm and coherent position vis-à-vis the missile debate has improved its standing internationally, and highlights the crucial importance of maintaining strong transatlantic relations.

  • July 24, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Survey about the non-military cooperation among allies in the light of Article Two'

    Proposal drafted by the Italian Foreign Ministry for a new Declaration of Atlantic Relations focused on the non-military aspects of the Alliance. It suggests elaborating Article 2 to improve inter-ally cooperation in non-military sectors.

  • June 03, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to various Embassies of Warsaw Pact countries, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council'

    This telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the embassies in Warsaw Pact countries dicusses the outcomes of the Atlantic Council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It offers an overview of the current state of the alliance and prospects for East-West relations.