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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 25, 1956

    Policy Considerations for Radio Free Europe Broadcasts

    A CIA/International Operations Division official recommends policies to guide RFE broadcasting to Hungary during the revolution.

  • October 25, 1956

    Maj. Witold Osinski, Reports on the Events of 19-23 October 1956

    Reports recounting Osinski's experiences with infighting between the Polish Ministry of Defense (MND), and the Stalinist Internal Security Corps (ISC). The reports also take place during the Polish October (Gomulka' Thaw). Normal font indicates that the text appears in both instances of the document. Italics indicates that the text appears only in the original, handwritten version of the document. Bold font indicates that the text appears only in the final, typed version for Gomulka.

  • October 25, 1956

    CDS Report No. 21 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the arrival of General Chung and representatives from South Korea's Newsman Associations, and offers an update on Vietnamese affairs, including the drafting of South Vietnam's constitution.

  • October 26, 1956

    Letter No. 24 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    President Rhee briefly responds to Minister Choi's report, requesting that Choi not to push a meeting between South Korean and South Vietnamese leaders at this time.

  • October 26, 1956

    Report about Political Parties

  • October 26, 1956

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Hungary, ‘The Situation in the Hungarian capital following the Outbreak of the Counterrevolutionary Rebellion’

    The Chinese Embassy in Budapest reports that the "counterrevolutionary rebellion in the Hungarian capital became increasingly serious after midnight last night"

  • October 26, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the charge d’ affaires of the Chinese Embassy in the DPRK, Chao Ke Xian

    Ambassador Ivanov meets with charge d’ affaires of the Chinese embassy in the DPRK, Chao Ke Xian, regarding Ivanov's meeting with Kim Il Sung. Kim Il Sung allegedly made promises about publishing the decrees of the August and September Plenums, which he has not done.

  • October 26, 1956

    Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium on 26 October 1956

    Liu Shaoqi of the CPC CC tells the CPSU Presidium that the Rokossowski issue is central in Poland. The Presidium considers incoming information sent by Mikoyan and Suslov from Budapest. It is recommended that Hungarians studying in Moscow be instructed and sent back to Budapest to end the “vacillations” within the CC. Presidium members are critical of Mikoyan and call for a firm line with Hungary. Khrushchev commits to sending three more Presidium members to Hungary, contacting ousted Prime Minister Andras Hegedus, and reinforcing the troops.

  • October 26, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 38 (Overall Issue No. 64)

    This issue begins with a statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about American efforts to deliberately obstruct the Sino-US ambassadorial talks and prevent cultural exchange. It also discusses topics such as wage reforms for new joint public-private ventures, purchasing and storing seeds to prepare for disasters, and various provincial administrative concerns.

  • October 26, 1956

    Protocol 55 of the Meeting of the Political Bureau of the CC of the RWP, on the Situation in Hungary and Measures to be Taken in Romania.

    The Romanian Workers' Party Politburo meets to discuss the events in Hungary and decides the actions to be taken in Romania to prevent a spill-over of the Hungarian uprising into the country.

  • October 27, 1956

    Telegram from Soviet Politburo members Mikoyan and Suslov reporting on the situation in Hungary

    Mikoyan-Suslov Report on the situation in Hungary, appointments to the Hungarian government, and discussions with the Hungarian leaders.

  • October 28, 1956

    Andropov Report, 28 October 1956

    Yuri Andropov forwards this letter from Hungarian Prime Minister Andras Hegedus to the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Socialist Republics. The letter requests Soviet troops to quell the riots in Budapest.

  • October 28, 1956

    Andropov Telegram

    Andropov Telegram forwarding a letter from Prime Minister Hegedus of Hungary asking for assistance from Soviet troops in putting down Budapest riots

  • October 28, 1956

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Hungary, ‘Please Inform Us of the Appropriate Attitude towards the Hungarian Events’

    The Chinese Embassy in Budapest asks, "how are we to respond" to the events ongoing in Hungary.

  • October 28, 1956

    Telegram from the Budapest KGB Station concerning the latest developments in the city following the popular uprising

    The KGB station in Budapest reports on the ongoing crisis in Hungary. While some popular forces are considering stopping the fighting, others continue to disarm the state organs. The fighting dies down in Budapest and the Imre Nagy government is gaining legitimacy. American embassy officials were seen evacuating from the embassy.

  • October 28, 1956

    Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium on 28 October 1956

    The notes from this session of the CPSU Presidium reveal a desire to support and strengthen the Kadar-Nagy government and the draft declaration prepared by the Hungarians for radio broadcast on October 28. Khrushchev, desiring to avoid the complications that Britain and France face in Egypt, asserts the need for a ceasefire and troop withdrawal.

  • October 29, 1956

    KGB Chief Serov, Report

    KGB Chief Serov details the violence and resistance in Hungary. He writes that armed groups are executing communists and are actively planning to seek out and kill employees of the state security organs. Serov expresses concern over the dismissal of state employees and the decision by other state employees to leave work.

  • October 29, 1956

    Telegram from KGB Chief Serov reporting on the situation in Hungary

    KGB Chief Serov report to Mikoyan and Suslov regarding activity by the insurgents in Hungary

  • October 30, 1956

    Other Hungarian-Language Radios

    Radio Free Russia, the voice of the Russian émigré organization NTS, begins Hungarian-language broadcasts and reports the readiness of the “Association of Former Hungarian Servicemen” to assist the Hungarian insurgents. [Radio Madrid in Hungarian broadcasts similar messages.]

  • October 30, 1956

    Cable from Italian Communist leader Togliatti on Imre Nagy's Hungary

    Cable from Togliatti to Soviet leadership expressing worries that Hungary under Nagy is moving in a reactionary direction that could damage unity of leadership of the Party