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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Geneva negotiations - New Soviet proposals'

    The document describes the propositions put forth by Soviet negotiators during the Geneva talks, and offers a preliminary analysis of the positive and the negative implications. The developments are not sufficient to expect an accord in the short term, but show a promising move away from "a dialogue of the deaf".

  • October 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Statement by Ambassador Nitze to the Atlantic Council about recent developments of the Geneva negotiation'

    Nitze's brief commentary on the developments in the recent negotiations with the USSR regarding arms reductions.

  • October 15, 1985

    Brussels: Notes for talks with Secretary Shultz

    Strongly worded notes regarding the Italian actions during the Crisis of Sigonella. The brief document reiterates Italy's version of the facts related to the hijacking of Achille Lauro and the events that followed, denying any wrongdoing, and blaming the US for unlawful actions.

  • December 09, 1985

    Letter by Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti to West German Minister of Foreign Affaris Genscher

    Foreign Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti wishes to exchange views with his German counterpart Genscher about the research phase of the SDI project, to try and find common ground before continuing talks with the United States on the subject of industrial cooperation in SDI research.

  • December 12, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'FNI negotiations - Assessments of the American negotiator, Ambassador Glitman'

    A brief report by US Ambassador Glitman regarding the INF negotiations with the USSR. There is an increased willingness to negotiate, and the parties have come closer in some aspects, but major differences still persist.

  • December 12, 1985

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'East-West relations'

    This document analyzes East-West relations following the December 1985 meeting between Gorbachev and Reagan in Geneva. It discusses the new and more open foreign policy line of the Soviet Union, and underlines the important role of bilateral and multilateral diplomacy under the complex circumstances.

  • May 31, 1986

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Ottawa to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ''Ministerial Atlantic Council in Halifax - East West relationship / Problems related to SALT II'

    Telegram from Italian Ambassador to Canada to the Foreign Ministry recounting the motives behind president Reagan's decision to abandon the SALT II treaty, as provided by Secretary of State George P. Schultz at at the Atlantic Council of Ministers.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Speech of US Secretary of State Shultz about the prospects of post-Reykjavik scenario'

    Secretary of State, George P. Schultz analyzes US position following the collapse of the US-Soviet talks in Reykjavik. He discusses credibility of nuclear deterrence, US commitment to Europe and increasing conventional forces.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Discussion in restricted session about the prospects on East-West relations in the post-Reykjavik scenario'

    The document discusses the internal debate caused by Schultz's address at the Atlantic Council of Ministers. NATO countries are divided into two camps regarding the strategy and pace of nuclear disarmament and reduction talks.

  • May 09, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'General Rogers' position on US-USSR negotiations for nuclear arms control (LRINF and SRINF)'

    Telegram from Italy's permanent representative to NATO re-caps the controversial position presented by the Supreme Allied Commander Rogers. General Rogers criticizes the Reagan administration's strategy and expresses concern over the disparity between NATO capabilities and those of the Warsaw Pact.

  • April 15, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Meeting between the Minister [Andreotti] and Minister Genscher'

    Notes from the meeting between Foreign Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, and Foreign Minister of West Germany, Hans-Dietrich Genscher. The theme of the discussion is strengthening of the bilateral relationship between Italy and West Germany, the two major non-nuclear powers in Europe.

  • April 14, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The FNI negotiations. The problem of SRINF and that of the "conversion". West Germany's stance'

    The document briefly describes the US and Soviet views on the question of SRINF reductions, and discusses the German concerns about the process.

  • April 14, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The issue of SRINF. Italy's position'

    The document spells out the Italian position in the debate over SRINF reductions and introduces three hypothetical solutions.

  • April 15, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affaris, 'NATO - Restricted Council. Carrington's visit in the US; subject FNI'

    Secretary General Carrington describes his experiences during his recent trip to the US. He reports a wide-spread "puzzlement" among Americans regarding the European attitudes towards the issue of intermediate-range nuclear forces in Europe.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by Ambassador Petrignani to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Meeting of the Nuclear Planning Group in Monterey. Overall assessment of the US Department of State'

    Ambassador Petrignani compiles the US Department of State views on the Nuclear Planning Group meeting in Monterey, and discusses their potential implications for NATO policy.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NPG, Point I of the agenda. General Abrahamson's relation about the evolution of the American research program on SDI'

    The telegram provides a summary of the presentation by General Abrahamson, the director of the Strategic Defense Initiative. General Abrahamson offers an overview of recent developments and appears optimistic about the future of the SDI.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NPG, Point II-A of the agenda (implementation of the decision of 12th December 1979: State of deployments)'

    The telegram compiles updates from Defence Ministers (UK, West Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy) on the status of deployment of Pershing II and Cruise missiles decided in December 1979.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NPG. Point I of the agenda. Current state of nuclear forces and related issues'

    The telegram comments on the recent NPG ministerial session. It describes the state of negotiations around the elimination of INFs in the light of the upcoming Washington summit where the treaty is expected to be signed.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Bonn to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NPG meeting in Monterey. West Germany's reactions'

    Italian Embassy in Bonn reports German reactions to the decisions taken at the Nuclear Planning Group meeting in Monterey.

  • November 25, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council. Consultations with Secretary of State Shultz'

    Summary of the discussions between Secretary of State Shultz and Minister of Foreign Affairs Shevardnadze in preparation for the Washington Summit. Shultz confirms that a joint working text has been produced and the preprations for signing the INF treaty in Washington are well underway.