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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 22, 1956

    Diary of Soviet Ambassador P.F. Yudin, Memorandum of Conversation with Liu Shaoqi of 30 October 1956

    Liu Shaoqi discusses the potential withdrawal of Soviet advisors from China. Although the Chinese government was considering sending back some specialist, they did not want the abrupt removal of all specialists as happened in Yugoslavia. Liu Shaoqi also brings up the 1956 uprisings in Hungary and Poland, saying that such events were a “useful lesson for the entire communist movement.”

  • November 23, 1956

    Interim Policy Guidance for Free Europe Committee

    Cord Meyer forwards to Frank Wisner a copy of “Interim Guidance for RFE” dated November 20 [a final revision of previous drafts] that was transmitted to the FEC on November 21. [FEC copy available in the Hoover Archives.]

  • November 23, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 42 (Overall Issue No. 68)

    This issue covers the second plenary session of the CCP Central Committee and outlines plans for Zhou Enlai to visit seven countries, including the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It also addresses other topics, such as trade between Tibet and Nepal, controlling counter-revolutionaries, and the Third Ministry of Machine Building for aviation.

  • November 26, 1956

    Memorandum from the Minister of Foreign Affairs [Adam Rapacki] to Minister of National Defense Marian Spychalski

    The Minister of Foreign Affairs requests the Ministry of National Defense's consideration of the Treaty on the Status of Soviet Forces Stationed in Poland prior to negotiations in Moscow.

  • November 26, 1956

    Review of Radio Free Europe Hungarian Broadcasts

    Cord Meyer informs Allen Dulles that Radio Free Europe (RFE) Hungarian broadcasts did not incite revolution or promise outside military intervention. He encloses his memorandum of November 16, 1956, on monitoring and program control of RFE and RL.

  • November 26, 1956

    Untitled report about the Baath Party

    The Baath Party gains strength in Iraq, Jordan, and Lebanon in its objective to fight colonialism, preserve the current Syrian regime, oppose the Baghdad Pact, and achieve other goals.

  • November 26, 1956

    Letter, Boris Polevoi to the CC CPSU, Mistakes Regarding Social Ties with China

    Soviet writer Boris Polevoi writes to the Central Committee concerning "a series of very serious mistakes" in Soviet social and cultural relations with China. These mistakes include the lack of a Soviet edition of the "Society for Chinese-Soviet Friendship" placed in the capital of the Soviet republics, the extravagant behavior of Soviet delegates in China, and evidence of China as being referred to as an inferior partner in the Soviet Union. Resetting these mistakes might strengthen Sino-Soviet public relations.

  • November 27, 1956

    Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium on 27 November 1956 (Re: Protocol No. 60)

    These notes (part of the Malin Collection) describe Romanian leader Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej’s decision to negotiate with Yugoslavia regarding the fate of Imre Nagy after his arrest and transfer to Romania. The notes state that negotiations are inadvisable and remain the responsibility of Hungary. A second section of the document refers to instructions to the KGB for discrediting Nagy.

  • November 28, 1956

    Letter Fischer to Florin, North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Fisher informs Florin about personnel changes in North Korean Embassy in Soviet Union.

  • November 29, 1956

    Radio Free Europe Hungarian Broadcasts Appraised

    Cord Meyer forwards to Allen Dulles, with extensive comment, deputy undersecretary of state Robert Murphy’s review, dated November 26, 1956, of selected RFE Hungarian program scripts. Meyer also forwards a CIA/IOD memorandum on RFE policy and program review procedures.

  • November 29, 1956

    Letter No. 30 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    President Rhee briefly discusses U.S.-South Korean relations and mentions concern about the current crisis in Hungary.

  • November 29, 1956

    Letter, Director-General of Security Colonel Charles Spry to Prime Minsiter Robert Menzies

    Spry, the director of the Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), apologizes for the arrest of KGB defector Vladimir Petrov, who was under ASIO protection when he left a safehouse and got into an argument while drunk.

  • November 30, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 43 (Overall Issue No. 69)

    This issue begins with a joint statement from Zhou Enlai and North Vietnamese Prime Minister Phạm Văn Đồng. It also discusses purchasing and storing grain for the fall, tax exemptions for transplanted mulberry and tea gardens, and buying scrap metals.

  • December 01, 1956

    Activities of an Iraqi Opposition Member in Lebanon

  • December 03, 1956

    Rethinking the Role of Free Europe Committee and Radio Free Europe

    CIA/International Operations Division routing slips raise questions about an attached Free Europe Committee (FEC) draft dated November 12 on the FEC’s role in the wake of the Hungarian Revolution and note that the FEC [in New York] did not forward to Radio Free Europe Munich certain CIA guidances on broadcast policy.

  • December 03, 1956

    Cable from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and the Central Committee, 'Discussion with Nehru on the Hungary Issue'

    Zhou Enlai reports on his discussion with Nehru concerning the events in Hungary.

  • December 04, 1956

    Review of Radio Free Europe Broadcasting

    Cord Meyer forwards to Allen Dulles as background for Operations Coordinating Board discussions a memorandum of that date on “Radio Free Europe – Review of Broadcasting Policy and Content.”

  • December 04, 1956

    Review of Radio Free Europe Broadcasts to Hungary

    CIA Inspector General Lyman Kirkpatrick provides Allen Dulles with his assessment of RFE operations based on investigations in Munich and New York.

  • December 08, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 44 (Overall Issue No. 70)

    This issue begins with a joint statement from Zhou Enlai and Cambodian Prime Minister San Yun. It also covers Sino-Egyptian trade, the national budget for 1957, and various provincial administrative matters, such as renaming counties in Heilongjiang Province.

  • December 10, 1956

    Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Report, 'Australian Soviet Friendship Society'

    At a social event in Sydney held in honor of the Soviet Olympic team, Soviet runner Vladimir Kutz received a gift which contained a dead rat painted yellow.