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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 02, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 02 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev and the Politboro grow frustrated with the Polish leadership. They express fear of the Polish crisis spreading to Belorussia and Georgia, and question the health of Polish leaders.

  • April 07, 1981

    Report, Discussion with Supreme Commander of the Combined Military Forces of the Warsaw Pact on 7 April 1981 in Legnica (PR Poland)

    German military commanders meet with Marshal Kulikov following the evaluation meeting by the joint operative-strategic Command Staff Exercise "SOYUZ-81." Kulikov states that the military exercise was called to support Polish leaders Jaruzelski and Kania and so "a certain pressure should also be exerted upon the leadership of 'Solidarity.'"

  • April 08, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report outlines the duties of Polish government ministries in the case of martial law.

  • April 09, 1981

    Special Assistant for NPI, NFAC, CIA, to Resource Management Staff, Office of Program Assessment et al, 'Request for Review of Draft Paper on the Security Dimension of Non-Proliferation'

    Just a few months into President Reagan’s first term his administration wanted to make its own mark on nonproliferation policy. The report suggests building “broader bilateral relationship[s]” and offering political and security incentives could persuade states considering developing nuclear weapons to cease these efforts.

  • April 09, 1981

    Speech of CPSU General Secretary Leonid Iliyich Brezhnev before the CPCz CC Presidium in Prague, (excerpt)

    Speech of CPSU General Secretary Brezhnev before the CPCz CC Presidium in Prague, (excerpt) regarding the situation in Poland and criticizing Polish leadership

  • April 09, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 09 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Soviet leaders discuss the results of a meeting held by Cdes. Yu. V. Andropov and D.F. Ustinov with the Polish, where the Polish reported that it was difficult to conduct business with the counterrevolutionary activity, but that the situation was begining to stabilize in the wake of CPSU 26th Congress. A discussion of Poland's situation and recommendations ensued.

  • April 14, 1981

    Announcement by Hungarian Prime Minister György Lázár on the new Soviet position concerning the shipment of arms to Iraq and Iran at the HSWP Political Committee meeting on 14 April 1981

    György Lázár informs the Political Committee that the Soviet Union intends to lift their embargo on the transportation of military hardware to Iran and Iraq.

  • April 16, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 16 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev tells of his conversation with Kania. He gives his opinion on how the Soviets should proceed with regard to Poland after a meeting of the Sejm. The Politburo agrees with Brezhnev's decision to inform the leaders of the Warsaw Pact of the developments in Poland.

  • April 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated correspondence between the USSR and Poland concerning the stationing of 66,000 Soviets troops in Poland as well as various exercises for attacks and natural disasters.

  • April 23, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Commission Report, 'On the Development of the Situation in Poland and Certain Steps on Our Part,' and CPSU CC-Approved Plan of'Measures to Assist the PZPR [Polish United Workers' Party]'

    Special Dossier to the CPSU CC discussing the weakening of the PZPR and the rise of Solidarity as an organized political force. Describes the leadership of Kania and Jaruzelski in the party and prescribes a method of politically weakening Solidarity by exposing and exploiting its fragments, including the extremist KOS-KOS, and stepping up propaganda that stresses the impending invasion of Soviet troops to suppress the uprising.

  • April 25, 1981

    Minutes of Meeting between Czechoslovak and Hungarian Interior Ministry Officials on the Carlos Terrorist Group and Radio Free Europe Bomb Attack

    A bomb exploded outside the RFE building in Munich on February 21, 1981, severely injuring several employees and causing major physical damage. This document, and others like it, indicates that the Ceausescu regime commissioned the “Carlos group” to carry out the attack. The Carlos group was then resident in Budapest, and this document indicates that the Hungarian Interior Ministry had advance knowledge of the bombing.

  • April 26, 1981

    Report on the "Hopeless" Situation in Poland

    Letter from Kuklinski to his CIA contact indicating that the situation in Poland is militarily hopeless.

  • April 29, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet-Polish Positions on the Declaration of Martial Law in Poland...'

    Translation outlines discussions between Soviet and Polish officials as to the preparedness of Poland to instate martial law. In addition, it recounts the meeting of the 23rd Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in Sofia, Bulgaria and Soviet Air Operations in Poland.

  • April 30, 1981

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A North Korean delegations visits technical universities and colleges in Czechoslovakia and the GDR. North Korea urgently seeks to send post-graduate students and trainees to study in fields related to nuclear physics, laser technology, etc.

  • April 30, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 30 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Soviet leaders discuss the results of negotiations between a CPSU delegation and the PZPR leadership, and express concern with the decisions of the Polish leadership.

  • May 14, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Nikolai Ogarkov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov was the chief of the Soviet General Staff.

  • May 14, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Dmitri Ustinov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Dmitri Ustinov was the Soviet minister of defense.

  • May 16, 1981

    Memorandum Regarding the Meeting Between Comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Erich Honecker, and Gustav Husak in the Kremlin

    Memorandum Regarding the Meeting Between Comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Erich Honecker, and Gustav Husak in the Kremlin describing the Polish situation and criticizing Polish leadership

  • May 17, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Nikolai Ogarkov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov was the chief of the Soviet General Staff.

  • May 20, 1981

    Report of Conversations with Dmitri Ustinov and Nikolai Ogarkov, 'Contenido de las Reuniones Sostenidas con el Ministro de Defensa de la URSS y el Jefe del Estado Mayor General'

    Marshal Dmitri Ustinov was the Soviet minister of defense; Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov was the chief of the Soviet General Staff.