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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 30, 1956

    Speech by Kim Il Sung at the August Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum

    Kim Il Sung reflects upon the delegation he led to the USSR and other socialist states, and speaks about solidarity in the socialist bloc and peaceful reunification on the peninsula. He discusses the Three-Year Plan and the blueprint for the Five-Year Plan.

  • August 30, 1956

    CDS Report No. 16 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choe Deok-sin reports that the South Vietnamese government has dispatched ships to the Spratly Islands, and comments on the status of the Overseas Chinese in Vietnam, exchanges between Vietnam and Japan and the Philippines, and Vietnam's economic policies.

  • August 30, 1956

    Draft of a Statement by Yun Gong-heum at the CC Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party in August 1956

    Yun Gong-heum presents a lengthy criticism of Kim Il Sung's dictatorship. He accuses "sycophants" of straying from Marxist-Leninist principles and preserving Kim's personality cult.

  • August 30, 1956

    Speech by Kim Il Sung at the August Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum

    Kim Il Sung reflects upon the delegation he led to the USSR and other socialist states, and speaks about solidarity in the socialist bloc and peaceful reunification on the peninsula. He discusses the Three-Year Plan and the blueprint for the Five-Year Plan.

  • August 30, 1956

    Minutes of the Twentieth Session of the Brazilian National Security Council, Second Brazilian Nuclear Plan

    At this meeting the National Security Council decided to reform the Brazilian nuclear sector by placing it under the direction of CNEN (National Nuclear Energy Commission). The CSN suggested young technicians and academics should be instructed abroad in order to stimulate the development of professionals in that field. One of the objectives of the nuclear policy was the production of nuclear fuel from domestically-sourced minerals. The Brazilian government criticized the monopoly on nuclear fuel by the big powers.

  • August 31, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the newly appointed Japanese ambassador to Philippines, Koiichiro Asakai, and Philippines' foreign trade with Japan and China.

  • August 31, 1956

    Report No. 93 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the PI-US military bases negotiations, 1957 presidential election in Philippines, and transportation of Filipino workers from Manila to the US.

  • September 01, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Premier Kim Il Sung

    Yoon Gong-heum and others at the August Plenum speak out against the cult of personality in the KWP and reject the party line. They are expelled from the party, and those who fled are held at the Chinese border.

  • September 01, 1956

    Diary of Ambassador of the USSR to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov for the period from 29 August to 14 September 1956

    Kim Il Sung, in conversation with Ivanov, expresses his concerns about assignment of personnel and the cult of personality in North Korea.

  • September, 1956

    Minutes, Mao’s Conversation with a Yugoslavian Communist Union Delegation, Beijing, [undated]

    Mao apologizes to Yugoslavian Communist Union Delegation for poor relations in the past, citing pressure from Stalin and the Soviet Union as the primary reason.

  • September 03, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to N.S. Khrushchev

    Ri Sang-jo urges Khrushchev to send a Sino-Soviet delegation to intervene in the aftermath of the August KWP CC Plenum.

  • September 04, 1956

    Development of the Situation in Jordan

  • September 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    Ambassador Ivanov in the DPRK speaks with PRC Ambassador on the four Koreans who spoke against Kim Il Sung that are being held at the Chinese border. Ivanov states that the Soviet Union is against criticizing Kim Il Sung.

  • September 05, 1956

    Letter No. 12 from Syngman Rhee to Young Kee Kim

    Syngman Rhee comments on the PI-US military bases negotiations, employment of Filipino farmers in California, and the visit of Dr. Frederick Brown Harris in Manila.

  • September 05, 1956

    From the Journal of N.T. Fedorenko, 'Reception of the DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo'

    Addressed to Anastas Mikoyan, this diary entry records a conversation between Fedorenko and Ri Sang-jo concerning the August Plenum incident.

  • September 05, 1956

    Report by N.T. Fedorenko on a Conversation with Ri Sang-jo, Ambassador of the DPRK to the USSR

    The Ambassador of the DPRK to the Soviet Union reports on the mishandling of critics during the August and September Plenums, and testifies "to the existence of the most negative consequences of the cult of personality in the DPRK."

  • September 05, 1956

    Letter from Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan to the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee

    Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan provide a detailed report on the events of the August Incident and the days leading up to the plenum. The four justify their actions and request the support of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • September 06, 1956

    Protocol No. 39, Resolution of the Presidium of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, On the Situation in the Korean Workers' Party

    A Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Presidium Protocol on coordinating with China to respond to developments in the Korean Worker's Party.

  • September 06, 1956

    CDS Report No. 17 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on his participation in the National Day of the Tree inspection tour and discusses Vietnamese relations with India, China, and Japan.

  • September 06, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan explains to V.I. Ivanov the personality cult in the Korean Worker's Party and the somewhat unstable condition of the Worker's Party due to the debate surrounding the cult of personality.