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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 05, 1956

    From the Journal of Ambassador P. F. Yudin, Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 31 March 1956

    Soviet Ambassador Yudin discusses the 20th Congress of the CPSU with Mao, including Khrushchev's "secret speech" denouncing Stalin and his cult of personality. Mao had already seen a copy and discusses mistakes in Stalin's policy towards China at length.

  • April 20, 1956

    Ciphered telegram, excerpt from cable from Soviet Ambassador to the PRC P. Yudin re meeting with Mao Zedong

    Excerpt of telegram from P. Yudin, Soviet Ambassador to the PRC, reporting to Moscow on a conversation he had with Mao Zedong. Mao allegedly stated that there had been miscalculations prior to the commencement of the Korean War that international actors would not intervene on behalf of South Korea.

  • November 22, 1956

    Diary of Soviet Ambassador P.F. Yudin, Memorandum of Conversation with Liu Shaoqi of 30 October 1956

    Liu Shaoqi discusses the potential withdrawal of Soviet advisors from China. Although the Chinese government was considering sending back some specialist, they did not want the abrupt removal of all specialists as happened in Yugoslavia. Liu Shaoqi also brings up the 1956 uprisings in Hungary and Poland, saying that such events were a “useful lesson for the entire communist movement.”

  • October 11, 1957

    From the Journal of P. F. Yudin, Record of a Conversation with Mao Zedong on 11 October 1957'

    Soviet Ambassador Yudin visited the Indian exhibition in Peking with Chairman Mao and Liu Shaoqi. Chairman Mao congratulated the Soviet Union on its latest achievements in missile and satellite developments and stated that the balance of power now shifted towards communist states.

  • October 19, 1957

    Record of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador Ri Yeong-ho

    Yudin receives Ri Yeong-ho on a protocol visit, who discusses his experiences as ambassador to the PRC.

  • January 08, 1958

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Soviet Ambassador Yudin (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai discusses the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers from North Korea with Ambassador Pavel Yudin and North Korea's views on the security situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • January 23, 1958

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Pavel Yudin (Excerpt)

    Ambassador Pavel Yudin discusses the Soviet Union's views on the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers from North Korea with Zhang Wentian.

  • February 28, 1958

    Conversation of Mao Zedong with Soviet Ambassador Pavel Yudin (Excerpt)

    In a conversation with Soviet ambassador Yudin, Mao sees a prohibition of the use of hydrogen weapons as very likely, as the capitalist countries "[fear] fighting this kind of war." Further, he notes that the socialist countries have an advantage over Western ones in terms of conventional army size.

  • March 15, 1958

    From the Diary of P. F. Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Comrade Zhu De on 9 March 1958

    Conversation between P. F. Yudin and Zhu De, regarding the 'ruble zone' advocated by Khrushchev.

  • April 17, 1958

    Record of Conversation with Member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the CCP CC, Deng Xiaoping

    Memorandum of Conversation between P.F. Iudin and Deng Xiaoping. Iudin and Xiaoping discussed the letter from the CC of the Union of Communists of Yugoslavia [UCY] to the CC CPSU. Deng expressed his support for the CC CPSU decisions regarding the Yugoslav affairs, showed no objections to the CC UCY's program, and favored the Yugoslavs in their development of Marxist thought.

  • April 19, 1958

    From the Diary of P. F. Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 5 April 1958

    Conversation between P.F. Yudin, Mao Zedong, and Zhou Enlai regarding Yugoslavia's place in the international Communist community, especially Tito's inconsistency as an ally.

  • July 22, 1958

    Minutes of Conversation, Mao Zedong and Ambassador Yudin

    Mao Zedong held this conversation with Yudin in the context of the emerging dispute between Beijing and Moscow on establishing a Chinese-Soviet joint submarine flotilla.

  • November 29, 1958

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chen Yi, at Dinner in the Soviet Embassy in Honor of the Ambassadors of the Socialist Countries in China, 8 November 1958

    The Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs, Chen Yi, proclaims that the PRC and Chinese communist party are organizing the completion of the “great leap” of economic construction in China, thanks to the aid of the USSR and other socialist countries. He notes that the USA is not as strong as it seems, the relationship between the PRC and the USSR is growing stronger, and visits to China by ambassadors of the socialist countries are highly encouraged.

  • May 07, 1959

    Ambassador Yudin's Letter to Zhou Enlai

    The Soviet Ambassador to China expressed his admiration of an article regarding the Tibet issue in the People's Daily

  • May 25, 1959

    Transcript of the Discussion between Deputy Director Zhang Wentian and Soviet Ambassador Pavel Yudin at their Meeting

    Zhang Wentian and Pavel Yudin discuss the deteriorating situation in Laos, reviewing the positions of the Pathet Lao and the government.

  • June 03, 1959

    Report of Conversation with the General Secretary of the CCP CC, Deng Xiaoping