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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 10, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between East German official Paul Markovski and CPSU CC International Department head Boris N. Ponomarev in Moscow

    The two men discussed the current situation in Ethiopia and focused on the assistance the Soviet Union and Cuba was providing to the Ethiopians. They also talked about the role the United States was playing in the Horn of Africa

  • March, 1978

    Notes on Yasser Arafat's Visit to Moscow in March [1978]

    Notes on a meeting in Moscow from March 6-10 between Yasser Arafat & the PLO Delegation and the Soviet government. Arafat was met by Brezhnev, Boris Ponomarev and Andrei Gromyko. Among the issues discussed were the situation in the Middle East, the Soviets desire for Palestine to counter Egypt's "capitulation" to Israel and the U.S. (which Arafat affirmed), tensions in Southern Lebanon and the PLO's increasing desire to further cooperation with Syria and non-Christian Lebanese groups.

  • March 20, 1979

    Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with Taraki in Moscow

    Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with Taraki in Moscow to discuss the deterioration of the situation in Afghanistan and expressing Soviet support for Afghanistan.

  • April 01, 1979

    Memo on Protocol #149 of the Politburo, "Our future policy in connection with the situation in Afghanistan"

    The following CPSU Central Committee document, dated 1 April 1979 and signed by Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, Defense Minister Dmitrii Ustinov, KGB chief Yurii Andropov, and CC International Department head Boris Ponomarev, provides a strikingly candid assessment of the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan that the Soviet Politburo confronted in spring 1979. The report attributes the increasing success of the Islamic opposition (i.e., the Afghan Mujaheddin) to the “miscalculations and mistakes” of the PDPA (People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan) regime that seized power following the April 1978 “revolution.”

  • April 21, 1979

    Protocol #150 of the CC CPSU Politburo Session, 21 April 1979

    Concerns helicopter and ammunition deliveries from the Soviet Union to Afghanistan.

  • July 19, 1979

    Boris Ponomarev, Reports from Kabul (excerpts)

    Boris Ponomarev, Reports from Kabul (excerpts) discussing Taraki’s desire to have increased military support from the Soviet Union in the form of the presence of troops

  • November 29, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC

    Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev report to CPSU CC on the increased repressions by Amin in Afghanistan. Brezhnev and other Soviet leaders may meet with Amin to discuss economic cooperation between the two countries, relating to petroleum products, food, and industrial goods. These topics are on the path to progressive socioeconomic reforms in the DRA.

  • December 31, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC, 27-28 December 1979

    Andropov Gromyko Ustinov Ponomarev Report on Events in Afghanistan on 27-28 December 1979 regarding the crisis in Afghanistan and the overthrow of Amin’s oppressive regime with the help of Soviet troops

  • January 17, 1980

    CC CPSU Politburo transcript (excerpt)

    CC CPSU Politburo transcript of a meeting on the situation in Afghanistan and its impact on relations with the West

  • January 28, 1980

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision, with Report by Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev, 27 January 1980

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision, with Report by Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev, 27 January 1980 regarding the strengthening of the Afghan position and how to counteract Western positions on Afghanistan

  • February, 1980

    Polish Record of Soviet alliance Meeting in Moscow, February 1980

    Discusses the growing aggression seen in China and the effects of its closer relationship with the United States.

  • March 10, 1980

    Politburo Decision on Soviet Policy on Afghanistan, with report on Proposal by Fidel Castro to Mediate between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and approved letter from L.I. Brezhnev to Fidel Castro

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision on Soviet Policy on Afghanistan, with report on Proposal by Fidel Castro to Mediate between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and approved letter from L.I. Brezhnev to Fidel Castro

  • May 08, 1980

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision, 8 May 1980, with Politburo Commission Report, 6 May 1980, and Approved Cable to Soviet Ambassador in Kabul

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision, 8 May 1980, with Politburo Commission Report, 6 May 1980, and Approved Cable to Soviet Ambassador in Kabul instruction him what to tell Karmal regarding the situation in Afghanistan

  • July 06, 1980

    Iu. Andropov and B. Ponomarev, 'On a Request from the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the People's Party of Iran Comrade Kiyanuri'

    Iu. Andropov and B. Ponomarev give their opinion on Tudeh Party First Secretary Kiyanuri’s request for weapons from the USSR.

  • July 30, 1981

    CC CPSU Politburo Meeting

    CC CPSU officials consult about burying dead Soviet soldiers

  • March 10, 1983

    CPSU CC transcript of Politburo meeting (excerpt)

    CPSU CC Politburo transcript discussing continuing progress towards stabilization in Afghanistan but also continuing difficulties in the situation.

  • May 31, 1983

    Meeting Minutes of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, Regarding Western Plans for Deployment of New Nuclear Weapons in Europe

    Politburo discussion, presided over by Andropov, on how to respond to the Western decision to deploy new nuclear weapons in Europe.

  • March 11, 1985

    Minutes of a CC CPSU Politburo Session Nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary

    CC CPSU Politburo Session nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary after the death of Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko. Many members of the politburo spoke in favor of Gorbachev for General Secretary. They make a unanimous recommendation to the Plenum of CC CPSU.

  • January 24, 1986

    Meeting between Cuba and the Soviet Union, 'Reunión Bilateral Cuba - URSS'

    Meeting between Cuban and Soviet officials.

  • January 27, 1986

    Meeting between Cuba, the Soviet Union, and Angola, 'Tripartita Cuba - URSS - RPA'

    Meeting between Cuban, Angolan and Soviet officials.