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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1951

    The Kurds and the Russians

    Document describes the development of the Kurdish nationalist movement in northern Syria and its links to the Soviet Union and Communist Party.

  • February 01, 1951

    News about Turkey: Turkish Missions

    Three Turkish missions will visit Syria in February to study Syrian history, culture, and social development. As well, Turkey has asked the U.S. to send troops to protect Syria and Lebanon.

  • April 09, 1951

    Memorandum to Mr. B. Kuniholm from Enver Shakul, 'News from Sinkiang'

    Enver Shakul, a Xinjiang exile working at the US Embassy in Ankara, shares the latest gossip from China's northwest.

  • March 05, 1953

    Islamic Activities in Lebanon: Lecture by Professor Said Ramadan [Sa’īd Ramaḍān], Delivered on 5 March 1953 in the Hall of the Islamic Orphans’ Institution in Beirut

    Said Ramadan describes his travels to Morocco, Turkey, and Indonesia and his observations of Muslim civilizations.

  • 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'List of Problems Between China and Other Asian-African Countries'

    A list of problems between China and other Asian-African countries

  • March 25, 1955

    Information on Turkish Intelligence Interest on the Uranium Mine Buhovo

    Turkish intelligence agents are trying to gather information on the uranium mining in southwest Bulgaria. They believe that the extracted deposits are shipped to the Soviet Union for further processing and production of nuclear bombs.

  • March 27, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Compilation of the Excerpts of the Telegrams Concerning the Asian-African Conference'

    The collection of telegrams covers the procedure and agenda about the Asian-African Conference, the arguments about China’s participation in the Conference, the attempts of the US and the UK to influence the Conference, and the attitudes of various countries toward the Conference.

  • April 25, 1955

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Specific Refutations against the American Disruption of Influence of the Afro-Asian Conference'

    Zhou Enlai's instructions to Wen Tian on countering the "Soviet neocolonialism" and "various forms of colonialism" argument from pro-American countries.

  • August, 1955

    Mustapha al Barazani's Activities

    Describes Mustafa al-Barazani's activities in Northern Syria- his contact with various Kurdish groups and information that he sought regarding Turkish military movements on the border with Syria.

  • July 31, 1956

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, 'The Main Themes of Pakistan’s Diplomatic Activities During the Past Month'

    This Chinese report on Pakistani diplomatic activities focused on a visit by Pakistani President Mirza to Turkey. The talks revolved around two main topics: The Cyprus issue and the Kashmir dispute.

  • September 11, 1956

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, 'The Circumstances of Pakistan’s Recent Diplomatic Activities'

    Chinese report on Pakistani diplomatic activities regarding the Soviet Union and other Muslim countries

  • September 19, 1956

    Memorandum from Lt. Gen. Zheleznikov, to the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia, Comrade P.V. Kovanov

    Report on border crossing by possible Turkish and American intelligence agents along the Soviet-Turkish border.

  • October 08, 1956

    Note from N. Khrushchev to the CPSU CC Presidium regarding conversations with Yugoslav leaders in Yugoslavia

    Khrushchev describes his conversations with Josip Broz Tito during his visit to Yugoslavia. They discussed the issues of U.S. aid to Yugoslavia, the Turkish and Greek conflict over Cyprus, the expansion of contact between Soviet and Yugoslav workers and the path to socialism. Tito appeared uneasy and was dissatisfied with relations between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia.

  • January 08, 1957

    Information on Turkish and Greek Intelligence Services Activity Against Bulgaria in 1956

    A report focused on the Turkish and Greek intelligence activities in Bulgaria. The report outlines the major areas of interest – the Bulgarian military infrastructure, economic development, and the Communist party leadership. The report also talks about the role of the Turkish diplomatic representatives in encouraging repatriation of Turkish-Bulgarians to Turkey.

  • March 27, 1957

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Third Annual Conference: Speeches and Reports

    Remarks from delegates across Asia, including Ngo Dinh Diem, attending the Third Annual Conference of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League in Saigon, Vietnam.

  • May 30, 1957

    Untitled report on developments in Syria

    The Soviets begin to build radar bases and fix anti-aircraft artillery in Syria, and the Syrian and Russian governments reach an military aid agreement.

  • January 21, 1959

    Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Draft for Transmission to Various Heads of Government Regarding of A. I. Mikoyan's Conversations with Senior US Government Leaders'

    After A.I Mikoyan's trip to the United States and his conversations with senior US government leaders, the USSR MFA submitted a draft of confidential information to be sent to the heads of government of several states. The content of the instructions to be told to the foreign leaders includes discussion of the German problem and Berlin, the problem of disarmament and a halt to nuclear testing, the Near and Middle East, the Far East, and other issues.

  • March 03, 1959

    Code Message No. 2598 from Ambassador Dorsz in Ankara to Rodziński

    Code message from Ambassador Dorosz to Rodziński regarding the Foreign Minister of Turkey's first official statement on the Rapacki Plan. Dorosz notes Turkey's lack of interest in the Plan thus far.

  • June 17, 1959

    Information on Foreign Counterintelligence Agents Network Abroad

    The report covers the work of Bulgarian intelligence operatives in the West for the last 18 months. Includes statistics by country.

  • 1960

    The Kurds in Al Jazeera

    Report on a coup plot against Turkish Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, Kurdish activities in al-Jazeera and Soviet interest in Kurdish activities.