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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 14, 1947

    112 (II), The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    UN Resolution 112 (II), "The Problem of the Independence of Korea," calls for elections to be held and for foreign troops to withdraw in order to achieve the unification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • March 18, 1948

    Central Intelligence Agency, ORE 15/48, 'The Current Situation in Korea'

    An intelligence report about both North and South Korea. The report explains what the situation currently is and what is projected to happen with Soviet and American interaction with their respective Koreas.

  • July 11, 1948

    Record of Conversation between Kim Gu and Liu Yuwan

    Kim Gu (Kim Koo) and the Chinese Nationalist Minister Liu Yuwan discuss Kim's participation in the South Korean government, his attendance at a conference in Pyongyang, and the possibility of a Russian-led attack on southern Korea.

  • July 12, 1948

    Memo of the Directorate for Foreign Relations of the USSR Armed Forces General Staff about the Results of a Conference of Leaders of the Political Parties and Organizations of North and South Korea

    The statement describes the conference which took place in Pyongyang from June 29 to July 5. The main goal of the conference was to discuss the separate elections held in South Korea and possibilities for the unification of Korea. The North Korean representatives considered the National Assembly formed in South Korea to be illegitimate and urged for the expulsion of foreign powers in order to achieve a unified Korea.

  • December 12, 1948

    A/RES/293, The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    After accepting the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea's report on the validity of the South Korean election, the UN General Assembly passes Resolution 195 to recognize the Republic of Korea as a legitimate government on the Korean Peninsula.

  • January 14, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 50513, Terebin to Kuznetsov, transmitting a Message from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao informs Stalin that they published a list of conditions under which they would consider entering negotiations with the Chinese Nationalist Government in Nanjing.

  • March 16, 1949

    National Security Council Report, NSC 8/1, 'The Position of the United States with Respect to Korea'

    Report by the National Security Council to the President on US policy objectives regarding Korea.

  • April 20, 1949

    The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations

    Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.

  • May 02, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram from Shtykov

    Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Shtykov reports that South Korean forces were being expanded with US assistance and that the government of President Syngman Rhee was taking steps to increase the combat readiness of its army.

  • September 03, 1949

    Telegram, Tunkin to Vyshinsky

    Kim Il Sung, having recieved intelligence suggesting South Korea intended to seize the Ongjin Peninsula, requests Soviet permission to move further into South Korea.

  • September 11, 1949

    Telegram from Gromyko to Tunkin at the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang

    The Soviet Union sends a set of questions to Kim Il Sung on about the South Korean army and North Korea's war plans.

  • September 15, 1949

    Telegram, Shtykov to Stalin

    A description of the political and economic situation in South and North Korea, and on the presence of the struggling democratic and reactionary forces and their influence among the people. Attached are three appendices on the combat and strength of the South Korean and the People's Army of North Korea, the amount of weapons in the People's Army, and the amount of ammunition in the People's Army as of August 1, 1949.

  • September 24, 1949

    Politburo Decision to Confirm the Following Directive to the Soviet Ambassador in Korea

    The Soviet Politburo argues that North Korea is not ready to launch a successful overthrow of the South Korean regime and suggests North Korea should concentrate its efforts on developing partisan groups in South Korea.

  • September 30, 1949

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to Dr. Robert T. Oliver [Soviet Translation]

    Letter from Syngman Rhee translated into Russian. The original was likely found when the Communists seized Seoul. Syngman Rhee urges Oliver to come to South Korea to help develop the nation independent of foreign invaders and restore order to his country.

  • October 23, 1949

    Cable Telegram no. 59363 from Kovalev to Stalin, containing a message from Mao Zedong

    Mao details the actions of the Worker's Party of South Korea, its attempted actions and its repression by state authorities in the last month, and reiterates that he advised against offensive action.

  • October 26, 1949

    Draft Reply to Mao Zedong's Telegram from Stalin via Molotov

    Stalin agrees with Mao Zedong that North Korea is not yet ready to launch an assault, and reports that the Soviet Union has told North Korea to concentrate on developing liberated areas and guerrillas in South Korea.

  • November 05, 1949

    Cable Telegram no. 20475 from Gromyko to Kovalev

    Gromyko demands Kovalev to pass the reply of Stalin to Mao Zedong in response to his telegram regarding the Workers' Party of South Korea.

  • January 19, 1950

    Telegram Shtykov to Vyshinsky on a Luncheon at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK

    Shtykov reports a meeting with Kim Il Sung, along with Chinese and Korean delegates. Kim Il Sung expresses his view on the prospect of a liberation of the South Korean people that is to follow the Chinese success in liberation. Kim expresses his view that the South Koreans support his cause for reunification which the South Korean government does not seem to purse, and that he desires to ask Stalin for permission on an offensive action on South Korea.

  • March 21, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov reports on his meeting with Kim Il Sung where Kim Il Sung requests a meeting with Stalin in Moscow.

  • May 06, 1950

    Cable, A. Ignat'yev to Cde. Gromyko, 'The Partisan Movement in South Korea'

    Ignatyev discusses the partisan movement in the rural areas of South Korea.