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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 03, 1945

    Report from Soviet Ambassador to Poland V. Z. Lebedev to V. M. Molotov

    Ambassador Lebedev reports the contents of a telegram from Veslav (Władysław Gomułka) about the situation in the Polish Underground.

  • April 06, 1945

    Telephoned Telegram from Deputy Chairman of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria S. S. Biryuzov to A. Va. Vyshinsky

    Biryuzov reports about a possible governmental crisis in Bulgaria.

  • April 06, 1945

    Record of Conversation Between V. M. Molotov and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yugoslavia I. Ivan Šubašić

    Molotov and Ivan Šubašić discuss Yugoslavia's economic cooperation with the Allied Powers and its territorial problems.

  • August 30, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai discusses the agenda for upcoming talks with Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • September, 1945

    G.J. Malik, 'Clarifications on the Compilation [about the Atomic Bomb]'

    Soviet ambassador Yakov Malik introduces a compilation of eyewitness materials and data gathered in the aftermath of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Staff members from the Soviet embassy in Tokyo were sent to survey the explosion sites, speaking personally with survivors and capturing footage of the affected cities.

  • September, 1945

    Atomic Bomb (Report of the Group of [Soviet] Embassy Staff Members Who Visited Hiroshima)

    A group of staff members from the Soviet Embassy in Tokyo interviewed Japanese witnesses of the atomic bomb explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. They found that the two bombs wreaked havoc on the bodies of those within a small radius of the explosion; most survivors exhibited severe burns, a decreased white blood cell count, and injuries from broken glass. Witnesses from outside this radius faced less severe injuries, and the Embassy staff note that the Japanese press has been exaggerating the effects of the atomic bomb in order to justify the nation’s unconditional surrender.

  • September 06, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    Mao discusses the progress of talks with Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • October 05, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    They discuss the results of negotiations with the Chinese Nationalist Party and Chiang Kai-shek's political and military position.

  • October 10, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    Mao discusses negotiations with Chiang Kai-shek and the political and military position of the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • November 22, 1945

    Ivanov and Prikhodov Report on the Mongolian Referendum

    Report on a 1945 plebiscite to affirm the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic. The plebiscite was held as part of the terms of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, in which the nationalist Republic of China recognized the MPR in exchange for control of the province of Inner Mongolia, which had been occupied by Soviet and Mongolian troops during WWII.

  • December 10, 1945

    Malik, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'

    This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.

  • 1946

    Letter, Ya. Malik to Cde. V.M. Molotov

    In this undated memo, written sometime after July 1946, Malik informs Molotov that he has completed a new draft directive for the Soviet delegation in the Joint Soviet-American Commission cconcerning Korea.

  • January 07, 1946

    Record of I.V. Stalin's Conversation with Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bulgaria about Implementation of the Decisions of the Moscow Conference of Three Foreign Ministers on Bulgaria

    Stalin and Molotov meet with a delegation of Bulgarian communists to discuss ongoing political developments in post-war Bulgaria, mainly dealing with the left opposition.

  • January 12, 1946

    Excerpts from a Report by the Head of the Soviet Mission in Mongolia I. Ivanov to Moscow

    Ivanov reports on conditions in the Mongolian People's Republic and the possibility of "reunification of Mongol tribes and territories as one state."

  • February 19, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie

    Soviet Ambassaodr Petrov reports on a conversation with the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Shijie. Shijie raises concerns about disputes between the Soviet and Chinese administration over the withdrawl of Soviet troops from the region and the control of property seized from the Japanese during the war. Petrov also raises the issue of Anti-Soviet demonstrations and propaganda in China.

  • May 06, 1946

    From the Diary of V.M. Molotov, Reception of the Chinese Ambassador to France, Jing Tai, on 6 May 1946 at 3:00 p.m. in the Soviet Embassy in Paris

    The conversation is concerning the "German question" in terms of the conditions and aftermath of the surrender. PR China sees the negotiation on Germany as becoming an agreement that might apply similar to the question on the Japanese surrender. For this reason Jing Tai asks Molotov to allow China to take part in the negotiations on Germany. The trials of Japanese war criminals were also discussed.

  • May 08, 1946

    Joseph V. Stalin to Ja'far Pishevari, Leader of the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan, 8 May 1946

    Letter to Ja'far Pishevari, leader of the People's Government of Azerbaijan, from Joseph Stalin, explaining the reasons for Soviet withdrawal from Iran. He asserts that by not pulling out their troops from Iran, he would have given the British and the Americans an excuse keep troops stationed around the world.

  • May 31, 1946

    Report on the Work of the Joint Soviet-American Commission to Implement the Moscow Decision of the Three Ministers concerning Korea

    The Soviet delegation proposed procedures for the work of the Joint Commission on Korea and the terms for consultation with parties and public organization; specifically, it called for the Commission to consult and only listen to parties and organizations of Korea that agreed with the Moscow Decision. The American delegation refused this demand, causing lengthy disputes. A list of parties and public organizations from both South Korea and North Korea for the consultation were drawn, but the right-wing parties in the Democratic Chamber, the administrative body of South Korea, opposed the Moscow decision and Joint Commission decision, and the discussion associated with the formation of a Provisional Korean Government was halted.

  • June 04, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie, 1 June 1946

    Wang Shijie presented a draft of suggestions from the Chinese side about economic collaboration in Manchuria, as a proposal. This includes common mine excavations and the Chinese right to use Japanese enterprises in the former occupied Manchuria until the disagreement over the distribution of enemy property confiscated during the war was settled.

  • June 06, 1946

    Record of the Conversation of Comrade I.V. Stalin with Rasmussen, Denmark Minster of Foreign Affairs, and Prince Axel, Chief of the [Danish] Trade Delegation

    Stalin, Rasmussen, and Axel discuss the development of Soviet Danish relations. Topics include economic and political exchanges.