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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 23, 1952

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and Kaul discuss the Tibet issue as well as prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • June 23, 1952

    Summary of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the status of Tibet between China and India.

  • September 27, 1952

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 4564-F-198/52.)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in Beijing requests information on the deaths of two Pakistani nationals in a Xinjiang prison.

  • March 06, 1953

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 504-F-103/53)

    The Pakistani Embassy in Beijing asks that the local government in Xinjiang provide financial assistance to allow a Pakistani national to return to Pakistan.

  • March 06, 1953

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 598-F-198/53)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in China requests support and financial assistance to allow several Pakistani nationals to leave Xinjiang.

  • September 06, 1953

    Cable from Ambassador Yuan Zhongxin, 'Minutes of Meeting between R.K. Nehru and Ambassador Yuan'

    The Chinese ambassador to India reports that he and Nehru discussed Indian privileges in Tibet, the use of radios and guns by Indian commercial representatives in Tibet, and the issue of garrison relief.

  • October 03, 1953

    Aide Memoire from the Government of India, Ministry of External Affairs

    India agrees in principle to withdraw their Military Escorts in Tibet and proposed conversation between the two governments at the earliest opportunity

  • October 21, 1953

    Cable from Zhang Jingwu, 'On Issues of Relations between China and India in Tibet'

    Zhang Jingwu reports on the Simla Accord and the McMahon line running between India and Tibet, and offers policy recommendations.

  • November 23, 1953

    Mao Zedong’s Remarks at the Banquet for the North Korean Government Delegation

    Mao Zedong discusses the significance of the signing of the Sino-North Korean Economic and Cultural Cooperation Agreement at a banquet for a North Korean government delegation. Dismissing that China's aid to North Korea is one-sided, Mao notes that North Korea "helped" China by being in the front line of the struggle against imperialism. North Korea protected China by preventing the imperialists from crossing the Yale River.

  • February 26, 1954

    Cable from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee to CCP Central Committee, via Comrade Yudin

    Comrade Pavel Yudin asks the CCP to inform Comrade Ho Chi Minh that the discussion at the upcoming conference in Geneva will include the Korea question and restoring peace in Indochina.

  • March 02, 1954

    'Preliminary Opinions on the Assessment of and Preparation for the Geneva Conference,' Prepared by the PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs (drafted by PRC Premier and Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai) [Excerpt]

    Zhou discusses the need to make agreements at the Geneva conference in order to open a path for discussion and negotiation with the west. Zhou notes that because the US, France and Britain are not united in their opinions, the CCP must hold fast to their positions on the peaceful unification of Korea, and of peace in Indochina. Finally, Zhou suggests that the CCP prepare to discuss issues of trade, relaxing international tensions, and breaking the US embargo, although these issues are not on the agenda.

  • March 06, 1954

    Cable from Zhang Wentian, 'Reporting the Preliminary Opinions of Our Side on the Geneva Conference to the Soviet Side'

    Zhang Wentian discusses his visit with Molotov. During this meeting, Molotov says delegations from China, Korea, and Vietnam are welcome to Moscow before the Geneva conference to discuss its proceedings. Molotov also mentions several issues that still need to be discussed, such as relaxing tensions in Asia, Korean unification, ministers in attendance at the conference, and India's participation in the Indochina discussion.

  • April 04, 1954

    Draft Memorandum, 'A Comprehensive Solution for Restoring Peace in Indochina,' Prepared by the Vietnam Group of the Chinese Delegation Attending the Geneva Conference

    The Vietnam group of the Chinese delegation offers a solution involving peaceful unification within Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, so that these nations can govern themselves as independent, sovereign states.

  • April 06, 1954

    Cable from Zhang Wentian to Li Kenong, 'Concerning the Soviet Suggestion on Propaganda Work at Geneva'

    Vasily Kuznetsov tells Zhang Wentian to work more on creating propaganda and diplomatic activities to expand the influence of New China.

  • April 15, 1954

    Protocol for the Phased Withdrawal of Troops (First Draft)

    A first draft of the proposal to withdraw United Nations Command and Chinese People's Volunteers troops from southern and northern Korea respectively. The protocol also outlines a schedule for the withdrawal of all foreign troops from the Korean peninsula.

  • April 23, 1954

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Concerning Soviet Premier Georgy M. Malenkov’s conversation with Zhou Enlai about the Vietnam Issue'

    Zhou Enlai describes his meeting with Khrushchev, Malenkov, and other Soviet officials. The Soviets agree with the CCP position on Indochina, and will give their opinion of China’s draft constitution in four months.

  • April 26, 1954

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Regarding Speeches at the Conference and the Situation at the First Plenary Session'

    Zhou Enlai reports on some last minute agreements regarding the conference procedures. It is decided that the Korean delegation will speak first, and that Thailand, Britain, and the Soviet Union will take turns chairing the conference.

  • May 01, 1954

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Regarding a Meeting with British Foreign Secretary Eden'

    Zhou Enlai, Molotov, and Eden discuss the Korea issue, the Indochina issue, Sino-British relations, British-American relations, and the issue of five powers.

  • May 03, 1954

    Memorandum of Conversation between Deputy Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Indian Ambassador to China Raghavan Concerning Premier Nehru’s Statement on the Hydrogen Bomb

    Zhang Hanfu and Raghavan discuss the hydrogen bomb and the Colombo Conference.

  • May 09, 1954

    Cable from the Central Committee of the CCP, 'Reply to Zhou Enlai’s 9 May 1954 Telegram'

    The CCP informs Zhou Enlai that they agree with his opinions on the international committee.