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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 01, 1987

    Saddam and His Advisers Discussing the Importance of Morale, Mobilizing Popular Support, and Targeting Iranian Cities

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and other unidentified Iraqi Ba'ath party members. The meeting specifically discussed raising morale and mobilizing popular support--including how to discourage retreats from the front. Also includes discussion of chemical weapons.

  • April 14, 1987

    Letter of General Military Intelligence Directorate about Iranian Use of Chemical Weapons on Iraqi Troops

    This file contains a letter from the Secretariat of the General Military Intelligence (GMID) to the General Command of Armed Forces, dated 14 April 1987, pertaining to Iranian use of chemical weapons on Iraqi troops during an attack on 9 April 1987 and 12 April 1987. Additionally includes information that Iran received special chemical materials for production of mustard and tabun gases from North Korea and manufactured some with the support of North Korean experts.

  • October, 1987

    General Military Intelligence Directorate Memos on Iran's Chemical Weapons Capability and Alleged Use

    Contains memos issued by the General Military Intelligence Directorate (GMID), last dated 6 July 1988, regarding the following issues: The use of chemical weapons by the Iranian Army during the Iran-Iraq War, stating dates and places where they were used; the attempts of Iran to produce chemical weapons relying on the assistance of North Korea, Syria and West Germany; developing some Iranian insecticide factories to be able to produce chemical weapons; types of chemical weapons which are used or produced by Iran, such as mustard Gas, C factor, phosgene factor, white phosphorus, sarin gas. Page 27 contains correspondence by the Iraqi Military Attache Office in Cairo to the GMID, dated 14 September 1988, regarding information received from the Egyptian Intelligence about Iran's attempts to obtain chemical weapons from Spain through mediators and to provide Libya with chemical weapons in return for supplying Scud B missiles.

  • March 24, 1988

    Transcripts from Three Audio Files of a Meeting of the General Command of the Armed Forces

    This file contains transcripts of meeting minutes taken from three tapes, dated 24 March 1988. The tapes include discussions of the Armed Forces General Command with Saddam Hussein and other officials.

  • May 26, 1988

    Transcript of an Armed Forces General Command meeting on the Iran-Iraq War and Al-Faw

    This file contains records of meetings involving Saddam Hussein and various advisers during the Iran-Iraq War. They discuss military and diplomatic aspects of the war, the morale of the soldiers, and Iranian attempts to seize the Fao peninsula. They also discuss the Kurds and Iraqi battle preparations.

  • June, 1988

    Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and unidentified Iraqi diplomats. The meeting was held to revise a statement written by Saddam to be read by the Minster of Foreign Affairs regarding how the Iraqis stand respecting international law and legislation (i.e. the Geneva protocol of 1925). The second issue they discussed was the Kurdish insurgency. Saddam wanted to discuss the issue internationally with the participation of four countries. The attendees exchanged their points of view regarding the influence of such decisions (independence of the Kurds) in Turkey and Iran.

  • 1989

    Meeting between Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Execution of British Journalist Farzad Bazoft, Modifications to Iraq's Constitution, and an Israeli Attack on Iraq's Nuclear Reactor

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and his officials to discuss changes to the Iraqi constitution. Also includes discussion about British Journalist Farzad Bazoft who was arrested as an Iranian spy working for Israel and Britain.

  • October 06, 1990

    Correspondence between the MIC and the Petro Chemical Group Regarding a Letter from A.Q. Khan Offering Assistance in Developing Iraq’s Nuclear Weapons Program

    Pakistani scientist 'Abd-el-Qadeer Khan offers to help Iraq establish a project to enrich Uranium and manufacture a nuclear weapon.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Military Commanders after the First Gulf War

    Saddam and his military commanders discuss troop training, military planning, and Iraq's missile reserves following the Gulf War.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors about a United Nations Air Survey Request

    Rolf Ekeus, head of the UN inspection committee on nuclear weapons, requested the United Statesprovide him with an aircraft so he could do an aerial survey of Iraqi lands.

  • January 15, 1991

    Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council Discussing the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the Expected US Attack

    Conversation between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, various strategic planning and weaponry, potential responses by neighboring countries, and the expected US attack.

  • January 18, 1991

    Iraq Revolutionary Command Council Meeting about Coalition Operations Against Iraq

    Iraqi officials discuss the intervention of United States and coalition forces following the invasion of Kuwait.

  • December 16, 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Officials after the First Gulf War

    Saddam Hussein and Iraqi officials discuss missile development and weapons programs in the wake of loses following the Persian Gulf War. They also discuss United Nations inspections which were currently ongoing.

  • 1992

    Iraqi Report on Iranian Efforts to Obtain Nuclear Weapons

    Iraqi report that Iran is developing closer relations with the former Soviet republic of Central Asia as part of it's effort to develop nuclear weapons.

  • 1993

    Meeting between UN Biological Inspectors and Iraqi Officials Including Dr. Rihab Taha

    Iraqi officials and United Nations inspectors discuss the history of Iraq's biological weapons development.

  • 1994

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors Concerning Diplomacy with the United States and Russia

  • 1994

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors to Discuss a Visit by Prime Minister Tariq Aziz to the United Nations

    Iraqi Prime Minister Tariq Aziz reports on his visit to the United Nations and progress of UN inspections of Iraq's WMD projects.

  • 1994

    Iraqi Cabinet Meeting with Saddam Hussein and the Atomic Energy Committee

    Saddam and his ministers discuss the reorganization and rebuilding of the Iraqi nuclear program.

  • January 25, 1995

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Political Advisors Regarding Hostilities with Israel, Iraqi Defense Capabilities, and Iraqi-Syrian Relations

    Saddam and political advisors discuss hostilities with Israel, Iraqi defense capabilities, and Iraqi-Syrian relations. American position as well as the position of many Arab nations are also discussed.

  • February 05, 1995

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Security Council Regarding Iraqi Biological and Nuclear Weapons Program

    Saddam and his Security Council discuss Iraqi biological and nuclear weapons program. Focusing primarily on the biological file, they consider possible interpretations by Ekeus, director of the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq, as well as potential UN reactions.