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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 31, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation echos General Jaruzelski's comments on his and deputy ministers authority in matters of national defense - delegating power while still maintaining direction.

  • April 01, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, [Redacted] Report'

    Translated Polish army document listing all the participants in the Decision-making Game of February 16, 1981. The list includes names from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of National Defense, and Polish United Workers Party Central Committee.

  • April 02, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet Reaction to Polish Proposals Regarding the Declaration of Martial Law'

    Translated memorandum discusses how Ministry of Defense documents concerning martial law were translated and presented to Brezhnev. The document later explains the parameters set up by Brezhnev and Polish officials under which martial must be set up and executed.

  • April 02, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 02 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev and the Politboro grow frustrated with the Polish leadership. They express fear of the Polish crisis spreading to Belorussia and Georgia, and question the health of Polish leaders.

  • April 07, 1981

    Report, Discussion with Supreme Commander of the Combined Military Forces of the Warsaw Pact on 7 April 1981 in Legnica (PR Poland)

    German military commanders meet with Marshal Kulikov following the evaluation meeting by the joint operative-strategic Command Staff Exercise "SOYUZ-81." Kulikov states that the military exercise was called to support Polish leaders Jaruzelski and Kania and so "a certain pressure should also be exerted upon the leadership of 'Solidarity.'"

  • April 08, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report outlines the duties of Polish government ministries in the case of martial law.

  • April 09, 1981

    Speech of CPSU General Secretary Leonid Iliyich Brezhnev before the CPCz CC Presidium in Prague, (excerpt)

    Speech of CPSU General Secretary Brezhnev before the CPCz CC Presidium in Prague, (excerpt) regarding the situation in Poland and criticizing Polish leadership

  • April 09, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 09 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Soviet leaders discuss the results of a meeting held by Cdes. Yu. V. Andropov and D.F. Ustinov with the Polish, where the Polish reported that it was difficult to conduct business with the counterrevolutionary activity, but that the situation was begining to stabilize in the wake of CPSU 26th Congress. A discussion of Poland's situation and recommendations ensued.

  • April 16, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 16 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev tells of his conversation with Kania. He gives his opinion on how the Soviets should proceed with regard to Poland after a meeting of the Sejm. The Politburo agrees with Brezhnev's decision to inform the leaders of the Warsaw Pact of the developments in Poland.

  • April 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated correspondence between the USSR and Poland concerning the stationing of 66,000 Soviets troops in Poland as well as various exercises for attacks and natural disasters.

  • April 23, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Commission Report, 'On the Development of the Situation in Poland and Certain Steps on Our Part,' and CPSU CC-Approved Plan of'Measures to Assist the PZPR [Polish United Workers' Party]'

    Special Dossier to the CPSU CC discussing the weakening of the PZPR and the rise of Solidarity as an organized political force. Describes the leadership of Kania and Jaruzelski in the party and prescribes a method of politically weakening Solidarity by exposing and exploiting its fragments, including the extremist KOS-KOS, and stepping up propaganda that stresses the impending invasion of Soviet troops to suppress the uprising.

  • April 26, 1981

    Report on the "Hopeless" Situation in Poland

    Letter from Kuklinski to his CIA contact indicating that the situation in Poland is militarily hopeless.

  • April 29, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet-Polish Positions on the Declaration of Martial Law in Poland...'

    Translation outlines discussions between Soviet and Polish officials as to the preparedness of Poland to instate martial law. In addition, it recounts the meeting of the 23rd Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in Sofia, Bulgaria and Soviet Air Operations in Poland.

  • April 30, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 30 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Soviet leaders discuss the results of negotiations between a CPSU delegation and the PZPR leadership, and express concern with the decisions of the Polish leadership.

  • May 16, 1981

    Memorandum Regarding the Meeting Between Comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Erich Honecker, and Gustav Husak in the Kremlin

    Memorandum Regarding the Meeting Between Comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Erich Honecker, and Gustav Husak in the Kremlin describing the Polish situation and criticizing Polish leadership

  • May 26, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated report oversees contingency plans for the declaration of martial law. It covers plans for public information, diplomatic relations, and the military.

  • May 26, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report details protocol for various government agencies (military, political, diplomatic, economic, and state security) to address state security during the implementation of martial law.

  • June 10, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Proposed Polish Military Measures in Connection with the Current Political Situation in Poland'

    Hugel alerts the recipients of the memorandum that confidential sources reveal increased militarization in Poland to enforce the party line and are one step closer to martial law.

  • June 15, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of National Security, 'Polish Military and Security Reactions to the Current Political Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of National Security. The document details the conflict between several high military officials. It also mentions several places where Soviet military servicemen are incorporated into the Polish army.

  • June 18, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 18 June 1981 (excerpt)

    Discussion of conversation between Brezhnev and Kania regarding the counterrevolution and other matters.