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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 12, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A. M. Puzanov for 12 May 1958

    Pak Geum-cheol and Puzanov are indignant with the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, while Nam Il desires for the Soviet Union to expand an exhibit about the peaceful use of atomic energy in Pyongyang.

  • July 26, 1958

    Report to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, 'On the Economic and Political Situation in the PRC' (excerpts)

    S. Antonov's report on the economic and political state of the PRC. Antonov writes that China should be able to equal England's steel production within the second Five-Year Plan. Also notes the heightening of Chinese-Japanese tension, as China recognizes the possibility of renewed Japanese militarism.

  • June 04, 1959

    Text of the Letter from Ishibashi Tanzan to the Premier dated 4 June 1959

    Ishibashi Tanzan sent a letter to Zhou Enlai, asking for assistance on the idea that "the People's Republic of China and Japan are to be united as if they are one country to keep peace in Far East and promote world peace, and will base every policy on this principle."

  • June 25, 1959

    The Former Japanese Prime Minister Ishibashi Tanzan Hopes to Visit China to Discuss Sino-Japanese Relations

    Ishibashi Tanzan, the former Japanese Prime Minister, gave a letter to Zhou Enlai, claiming that "the two countries have mutual respect for each other's existing relations with the Soveit Union, the United States, and other countries and do not expect immediate changes."

  • September, 1959

    The Japanese Side’s Response following the Publication of the Communique of the Talks between Premier Zhou Enlai and Ishibashi Tanzan

    While the Social Democratic Party of Japan supported the Communique of the Talks between Ishibashi Tanzan and Zhou Enlai, the Liberal Democratic Party criticized it by saying "it provides no solution for current Sino-Japanese relations."

  • September 12, 1959

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Ishibashi Tanzan

    During a conversation with Ishibashi Tanzan, Liao Chengzhi claims that the Japanese Prime Minister "did many things that hurt the feelings of the Chinese people," perhaps the first use of this now famous phrase in Chinese foreign policy discourse.

  • September 13, 1959

    Record of the Second Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Ishibashi Tanzan

    During a conversation with Ishibashi Tanzan, Liao Chengzhi claimed that "preconditions are needed for further cooperation" to promote Sino-Japanese friendly relations. To eliminate mistrust, Liao Chengzhi asked Japan to abolish the U.S. military bases.

  • September 14, 1959

    Record of the Third Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Ishibashi Tanzan

    During a conversation with Liao Chengzhi, Ishibashi Tanzan asked him to "for a friendly Sino-Japanese relationship based on the acknowledgment of the established Japanese-American relations."

  • September 20, 1959

    Communique from the Talks held between Ishibashi Tanzan and Zhou Enlai

    Ishibashi Tanzan met with Zhou Enlai and both agreed that "the peoples of China and Japan should hold hands and contribute to peace in Far East and the world."

  • October, 1959

    Matsumura Kenzo’s Remarks on his Visit to China and the Peoples’ Responses

    Ishibashi Tanzan, the former Japanese Prime Minister, made a comment on his visit to China, saying "I believe that we need not rush Sino-Japanese relations."

  • October 14, 1959

    From the Journal of Ambassador S.F. Antonov, Summary of a Conversation with the Chairman of the CC CPC Mao Zedong

    October 1959 conversation between Mao Zedong and the Soviet diplomat and sinologist S.F. Antonov, in which Mao attempted to reassure the Soviets that China would not provoke war with the United States or with its Asian neighbors. In his conversation with Antonov, Mao attempts to lessen the impact of China’s displeasure with Soviet policies. He tries hard to show his agreement with Moscow on every issue—the United States, Taiwan, India, Tibet, disarmament.

  • October 21, 1959

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Matsumura Kenzo

    After the joint declaration, Matsumura Kenzo questioned Liao Chengzhi about "the inseparability of politics and the economy."

  • October 23, 1959

    Record of Conversation between Vice Premier Chen Yi and Matsumura Kenzo

    Matsumura Kenzo met with Chen Yi, the Vice Premier, and talked about the upcoming United Nations General Assembly and Sino-Japanese trade.

  • July 01, 1960

    Zhang Zhiziang, 'Lessons Learned from Ten Years of Foreign Cultural Work, Future Tasks and Guidelines'

    Zhang Zhixiang of China's Committee for Foreign Cultural Relations outlines the achievements and failures of the PRC's cultural diplomacy since 1949, and gives some suggestion for future approaches.

  • 1964

    The Situation Surrounding the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and France and Related Issues

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reviews the process of the normalization of relations between China and France and speculates how the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and France might affect China's status in the United Nations and with the UK, Europe, Africa, and Japan.

  • April 28, 1964

    Record of President Liu’s Meeting with Pak Se-chang,the New Korean Ambassador to China

    Liu greeted New North Korean diplomat in Beijing 1964. They talked about China-DPRK alliance and relations with Japan.

  • May 17, 1965

    Letter from the Mayor of Nagasaki to Premier Zhou Enlai

    The Mayor of Nagasaki expresses regret over China's second nuclear test.

  • May 29, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Chinese Embassies noting foreign countries' responses to China's second nuclear test.

  • January 09, 1966

    Secret Letter from the Indian Embassy in Beijing to the Foreign Secretary in New Delhi, No. PEK/104/66, 'China and the West'

    The Indian Embassy in Beijing sent a letter to the Indian Foreign Secretary to prove an analysis of Chinese foreign policy, such as Beijing's relationship with the West and the impact of Sino-Soviet split on Chinese foreign relations.

  • January 06, 1969

    First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Korean-Chinese Relations in the Second Half of 1968'

    The document examines Sino-Korean relations by analyzing international relations with US and Japan, describing how the ideology of Mao affects the relationship, and discussing trade relations and military relations.