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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 20, 1957

    Radio Free Europe Broadcasting Policy for Poland

    Policy guidelines for Radio Free Europe broadcasts to Poland as approved by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy.

  • November 20, 1960

    Record of Conversation between Polish Delegation (Gomułka et al.) and Chinese Communist Politburo Member Liu Shaoqi, Moscow

    Liu Shaoqi, Peng Zhen, and Gomułka discuss problems within the communist bloc since 1956.

  • November 29, 1960

    Record of Conversation between Polish Delegation (Gomułka et al.) and Chinese Communist Politburo Member Liu Shaoqi, Moscow

    Liu Shaoqi and Gomułka review the state of the communist bloc, discussing the Sino-Soviet intervention in North Korea in 1956 and the position of Albania.

  • April 14, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Work Summary for the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 1960, and Plans for 1961'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland reviews the state of China's relations with Poland in 1960-1961.

  • April 15, 1961

    Cable from Wang Bingnan, 'The Situation of the Talk with Ochab'

    Edward Ochab insists that Poland "is friendly toward China."

  • August 16, 1961

    Cable from the Party Committee at the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Regarding the Results of Discussions related to the Situation in Poland over the Past Six Months'

    The Chinese Embassy reviews Poland's foreign and domestic policies, and concludes that the "Polish United Workers’ Party leadership has a fairly systematic right-deviating brand of nationalism."

  • October 11, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Some Noteworthy Situations from the Polish Leadership’s Open Remarks on International Issues'

    The Chinese Embassy reports on Gomułka's foreign policies.

  • October 17, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Polish Celebration of Our National Day, the Polish Communist Party’s Attitude toward China, and Our Views'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland concludes that "Poland consciously wishes to improve Chinese-Polish relations."

  • December 02, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland, 'Opinions on the Ninth Congress of the Polish Party'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland reports that "Gomułka will absolutely continue to follow Khrushchev in opposing China and Albania."

  • January 24, 1962

    Annual Report by Polish Military Attache in Moscow

    General Wyderkowski reports on topics such as: problems within the Soviet Union specifically with economic and industry production; military industry development observations, including nuclear preparations; suggestion for more interaction between army and society; efforts for positive relationship between Polish Embassy and Moscow and little contact with capitalist countries; 22nd Congress of the Soviet Union; new military training techniques; and foreign policy, especially increased interest in diplomatic ties to Africa.

  • May 31, 1962

    Summary of Ambassador Wang Binnan’s Report to the Department Party Committee

    Wang Bingnan reports extensively on social, political, religious, and economic conditions within Poland, as well as Poland's foreign relalations with the US, the Soviet Union, and China.

  • September 22, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana (Jeleń), 22 September 1962

    Jelen compiles this report from his conversation with the USSR Ambassador [Aleksandr] Alekseyev. Alekseyev believes that the Soviet declaration from the 11th removed the danger of more serious [US] military action [against Cuba]. At the same time, he takes into account the possibility of the attempts of staging subversive landings, as well as the possibility of activities [carried out] by Cuban emigrant pirates against the ships. The two also discuss economic aid to Cuba, especially in the form of foodstuffs.

  • October 24, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana (Jeleń), 24 October 1962

    On the Cuban Crisis situation, Jelen says that Soviet Ambassador Aleksandr Alekseyev is optimistic but Brazilian Ambassador Luis Bastian Pinto is concerned. Jelen also gives his own impressions of the crisis, saying that "There’s a relative run on the stores, but without any signs of panic and fears of the threat of military operations."

  • October 24, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Moscow (Paszkowski), 24 October 1962

    Paszkowski discusses changes in the tensions of the Cuban Missile Crisis situation, including his opinion that the US's recent actions and rhetoric were a pre-election bluff.

  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Washington (Drozniak), 25 October 1962

    Drozniak discusses the ongoing Cuban Missile Crisis situation, including the rumors of a possible US military invasion of Cuba.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Washington (Drozniak), 26 October 1962

    Drozniak makes an assessment of the Cuban Missile Crisis situation, based on his conversations with foreign diplomats and respected journalists. Among other topics, he includes his opinion that "The operation of installing the [Soviet] missiles in Cuba was carried out in great hurry, without special adherence to secrecy, and perhaps even with the awareness that the missiles would be discovered relatively quickly. This [fact] has been interpreted [by the Americans] as [a possible] attempt by the USSR to test Kennedy’s “the will and readiness to fight.” [Soviet leader Nikita S.] Khrushchev chose Cuba, because he considered Berlin to be too dangerous."

  • December 25, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Moscow (Jaszczuk), 25 December 1962

    Jaszczuk and Yuri Andropov discuss Poland's relations with the CPSU CC during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • February 13, 1963

    Secret Telegram from Jaszczuk (Moscow) to Rapacki (Warsaw) [Ciphergram No. 2004]

    Cable sent from a Polish representative in Moscow to Adam Rapacki in Warsaw about a meeting with Andrei Gromyko. He believes that the United States wishes to remove itself from the situation in Vietnam and concludes that a way to end the issue is getting closer.

  • March 11, 1963

    Secret Telegram from Maneli (Hanoi) to Spasowski-Morski (Warsaw) [Ciphergram No. 3175]

    Cable from Polish Ambassador in Hanoi Maneli to Warsaw, describing a conversation he had with Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Van Dong and Soviet Ambassador Tovmassian. They discuss the idea of neutralization in Vietnam, and the possibility of the United States pulling forces out. Tovmassian adds that the PRC pressured the DRV to start incidents in the demilitarized zone.

  • May 06, 1963

    Letter from Nikita Khrushchev to Władysław Gomułka regarding Sugar Prices

    Khrushchev writes a letter to Gomulka in which he discusses the recent changes in Cuban sugar prices on the world market. Khrushchev wishes to inform Gomulka of what steps the Soviet Union is doing to adjust prices to these fluctuations.