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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reagan's letter to the Prime Minister about issues related to SALT II (dated 26th May 1986)'

    Analysis by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Reagan's (May 26, 1986) letter to PM Craxi. It discusses intended American responses to Soviet violation of SALT II treaty, and calls for consultations with NATO member states.

  • May 31, 1986

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Ottawa to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ''Ministerial Atlantic Council in Halifax - East West relationship / Problems related to SALT II'

    Telegram from Italian Ambassador to Canada to the Foreign Ministry recounting the motives behind president Reagan's decision to abandon the SALT II treaty, as provided by Secretary of State George P. Schultz at at the Atlantic Council of Ministers.

  • June 11, 1986

    Letter by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, to the General Secretary of the CC of the CPSU, Gorbachev

    Brandt's letter to Secretary Gorbachev on security issues and strengthening the alliance between East and West, as well as with America. Brandt touches on Chernobyl to explain Europe as a whole in peril in terms of international security.

  • October 16, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Reykjavik Summit and issues related with disarmament'

    An analysis of the Reykjavik Summit touches on the impetus of the two parties, the outcome of the negotiations, and their possible implications for Italy.

  • October 25, 1986

    Diplomatic Adviser of the Prime Minister, 'Report of the meeting with NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington (24th October, 1986)'

    Summary of the meeting between PM Craxi and Secretary General of NATO, Lord Carrington in the aftermath of the Reykjavik Summit. The two leaders exchange opinions on the outcome of the summit and the continuing arms control negotiations.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Speech of US Secretary of State Shultz about the prospects of post-Reykjavik scenario'

    Secretary of State, George P. Schultz analyzes US position following the collapse of the US-Soviet talks in Reykjavik. He discusses credibility of nuclear deterrence, US commitment to Europe and increasing conventional forces.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Discussion in restricted session about the prospects on East-West relations in the post-Reykjavik scenario'

    The document discusses the internal debate caused by Schultz's address at the Atlantic Council of Ministers. NATO countries are divided into two camps regarding the strategy and pace of nuclear disarmament and reduction talks.

  • April 14, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The FNI negotiations. The problem of SRINF and that of the "conversion". West Germany's stance'

    The document briefly describes the US and Soviet views on the question of SRINF reductions, and discusses the German concerns about the process.

  • April 14, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The issue of SRINF. Italy's position'

    The document spells out the Italian position in the debate over SRINF reductions and introduces three hypothetical solutions.

  • May 09, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'General Rogers' position on US-USSR negotiations for nuclear arms control (LRINF and SRINF)'

    Telegram from Italy's permanent representative to NATO re-caps the controversial position presented by the Supreme Allied Commander Rogers. General Rogers criticizes the Reagan administration's strategy and expresses concern over the disparity between NATO capabilities and those of the Warsaw Pact.

  • September 08, 1987

    Memorandum of a conversation by the Honorary Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, with the General Secretary of the CC of the SED and Chairman of the State Council of the GDR, Honecker, in Bonn, 8 September 1987

    Memorandum for Brandt and Honecker on discussions for reducing chemical and nuclear weapons in Europe, relations between social democrats and communists and how they influence greater European nations.

  • November 25, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council. Consultations with Secretary of State Shultz'

    Summary of the discussions between Secretary of State Shultz and Minister of Foreign Affairs Shevardnadze in preparation for the Washington Summit. Shultz confirms that a joint working text has been produced and the preprations for signing the INF treaty in Washington are well underway.

  • November 25, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council with US Secretary of State Shultz in view of the US-USSR meeting to be held in Washington - Discussion'

    The permanent representative of Italy to NATO offers a summary of the discussion among the NATO members that followed Secretary of State Shultz's briefing. There is a consensus among the member states of the positive effects of the INF treaty to international security.

  • December 11, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council. US Secretary of State Shultz's presentation about the Reagan-Gorbachev meeting. Disarmament and arms control issues'

    The permanenent representative of Italy to NATO summarizes the presentation by Secretary of State Shultz following the signing of the INF treaty. Shultz presents the treaty as a great success, both in terms of its content, as well as a demonstration of Atlantic solidarity.

  • 1988

    Disarmament: The View from Moscow. Chemical Weapons

    Pamphlet published by the Soviet Novosti Press Agency on arms control of chemical weapons. The author discusses chemical weapons arsenals held by the major powers and attempts to ban them, especially through the Geneva Conference on Disarmament.

  • July 27, 1988

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Workshop of the HLTF on the conventional stability in Europe (Casale di Villa Madama, 25th-26th July 1988)'

    Summary of the informal session of the High-Level Task Force seminar on Conventional Arms Control.

  • January 17, 1989

    Letter from George H. W. Bush to Mikhail Gorbachev

    A diplomatic personal note from President Bush to Gorbachev, thanking Gorbachev for the special attention he gave to Bush's son and grandson during their trip to Armenia, and then touches on the current state of US-Soviet bilateral relations and arms control proposals.

  • February 25, 1989

    Letter from United States Mission to NATO to Permanent Representative of Italy Francesco P. Fulci with two attachments on 'US Position on SNF' and 'Status of US-FRG Discussions on SNF'

    The US permanent representative to NATO, Alton Keel, sends his Italian counterpart Fulci two brief documents about NATO's short-range nuclear forces.

  • May 11, 1989

    Soviet Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and US Secretary of State J. Baker

    Gorbachev and Baker discuss cuts in tactical nuclear weapons.

  • February 09, 1990

    Soviet Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and US Secretary of State J. Baker

    Gorbachev and Baker discuss cuts in strategic arms and conventional forces, focusing on air-based and sea-based cruise missiles.