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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 18, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Soviet Newspapers’ Comments on the South Korean Military Coup'

    According to Chinese analysis, the Soviet press described the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea as reactionary and led by the United States.

  • May 19, 1961

    Letter, Channing Liem to Dag Hammarskjold containing Letter from Do Young Chang

    Channing Liem sends Dag Hammarskjold correspondence containing a letter from Do Young Chang, Lieutenant General of South Korea and Chariman of Military Revolutionary Committee.

  • May 20, 1961

    Telegram from Ambassador Schneidewind on the Situation in Korea

    GDR Ambassador Schneidewind discusses anti-communist demonstrations in North Korea and South Korea's military coup.

  • May 21, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Contents of the May 18th North Korean Party Central Standing Committee Meeting'

    A Chinese report on a Meeting of the Central Standing Committee in which the North Koreans negatively reflected on the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea.

  • August 11, 1961

    Some Problems of North Korea

    A report on North Korea's attitudes toward South Korea and North Korea's relations with the Soviet Union and China.

  • May 16, 1963

    Memorandum of a Conversation between the Czech Ambassador to the DPRK, Comrade Moravec, with the Soviet Ambassador, Comrade Moskovskii, and the GDR Ambassador, Comrade Becker, on 23.IV.1963.

    The Ambassadors of Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union, and East Germany discuss North Korea's foreign relations, the reunification of Korea, and economic conditions in the DPRK.

  • July 02, 1969

    Letters, UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan to UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari, Concerning ROK Political Developments

    Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan acknowledges his receipt of a letter to U Thant from Principal Secretary of the UCURK Zouheir Kuzbari. Kuzbari's letter concerns the ROK constructed UNCURK building, North Korean infiltration, and student protests against the amendment of the Constitution.

  • July 04, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning Student Protests and Korean Question

    Principal Secretary of the UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on Korean student protests against Park Chung Hee administration's contemplated amendment of the Constitution and the inclusion of the Korean question in the General Assembly.

  • July 11, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning ROK Student Protests

    Principal Secretary of UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on the student protests against a contemplated Constitutional amendment. Kuzbari considers the ROK government reaction and the protests' effects to internal stability.

  • November 07, 1969

    From the Journal of A.D. Putivets, 'Record of a Conversation with Sim Dong-hye, Chief of the 1st Department of the 1st Division [department] of the DPRK MFA'

    Sim Dong-hye reports that there is a revolutionary movement deep underground in the ROK. The DPRK is willing to help them by all possible means, but will await a request for assistance.

  • April 09, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Student demonstrations are occurring in South Korea in reaction to the state's intervention and control of student activity. In light of the 1961 student protests, the government is not using repressive measures to suppress the demonstrations.

  • May 21, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    ROK claims of North Korean sea infiltration are challenged by UN Command and UNCURK. Additionally, student protests are growing, but DRP's reaction is cautious because they fear that the students may align with NDP and pose a threat to the DRP.

  • June 11, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    The Park Chung Hee administration tries to normalize the student demonstration situation, which has led to the closing of many institutions, and to accept the admittance of communist China to the UN.

  • June 18, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Kuzbari updates Narasimhan on the UN Command's proposal to clear the DMZ for civilian use, the need to validate ROK's accusations against North Korean seaborne attacks, Japan's view that ROK should adapt to communist China's entry into the UN, and the changing liberal attitude of the Korean people in regards to unification.

  • June 25, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    The ROK government deals with student protesters by reopening schools, but the government and National Assembly is still divided. The functionality of the National Assembly depends on the relationship between the NDP and DRP. Additionally, all sides share displeasure from all over US Secretary of Defense's statement that the US will not longer provide ground troops for future Asian conflicts.

  • October 21, 1971

    Letters, UNCURK Principal Secretary Ozbudun to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on domestic and peninsular political developments. President Park instates the Garrison Act of 1950 on college campuses, increasing repression tactics. The National Assembly reconvened after 12 days of deadlock over the agenda. While the Red Cross "family search campaign" is in deadlock over the agenda, the general mood is positive.

  • November 10, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on the ROK government's plan to lift suspension of schools, the National Assembly's inspection of all government departments, the emergence of a bipartisan ROK foreign policy in connection with the PRC's entry to the UN, and the "Resolution on the Preservation of National Interest."

  • November 11, 1971

    Letter, Ozbudun to Narasimhan, "Removal of the 'Garrison Act'"

    Ozbudun informs Narasimhan about the lifting of the "Garrison Act" effective 9 November 1971 by the ROK Government.

  • May 15, 1972

    From the Journal of N.G. Sudarikov, 'Record of a Conversation with Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the KWP CC and Chairman of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers, 9 May 1972'

    Kim Il Sung credits the diplomatic achievements and economic development of North Korea for creating greater opposition and chaos in South Korea. He also broaches how the two Koreas have different opinions on family reunions.

  • July 06, 1972

    From the Journal of N.G. Sudarikov, 'Record Of A Conversation with Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the KWP CC and Chairman of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers, 19 June 1972'

    Kim Il Sung expresses satisfaction toward Brezhnev’s positions regarding Korea and Vietnam which were made during talks with U.S. President Nixon. Kim also criticizes Park Chung Hee for suppressing the opposition in South Korea, including the imprisonment of Kim Dae-jung.