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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 02, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Ciphered Telegram, 2 November 1983. Subject: Mengistu’s visit in the DPRK.

    The diplomatic relations between North Korea and Ethiopia is the subject of this telegram. The quick responsive stance of both Koreas to Ethiopia's needs is noted.

  • April, 1984

    Defense Intelligence Agency Report, 'Soviet Military and Other Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa'

    An overview of Soviet political, economic and military involvement in Africa. The document asserts that although Moscow continues its policy of taking an active and aggressive role in the affairs of Sub-Saharan Africa, much of the momentum it initially possessed has been lost. Moscow now finds itself holding onto the influence it maintains most notably in Mozambique, Angola and Ethiopia.

  • September 26, 1985

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Ciphered Telegram, 26 September 1985. Subject: Ethiopia’s relations with the DPRK.

    North Korea's influence in Ethiopia and the response by the Soviet Union is the subject of this telegram.

  • November 26, 1985

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Ciphered Telegram, 26 November 1985. Subject: Ethiopian-DPRK relations.

    The strong relations between North Korea and Ethiopia is discussed. The Soviet economic advisors have been subsumed by Koreans, as a test of how much influence North Korea holds over Ethiopia.

  • November 27, 1985

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Ciphered Telegram, 27 November 1985. Subject: Ethiopia’s relations with the DPRK.

    North Korean-Ethiopian relations are further discussed. The increasingly obvious sway North Korea holds over the country in its attempt to aid industrialization is not expected to bode well with the Soviet Union.

  • April 30, 1987

    East German Ministry for State Security, 'Consultations with KGB 21-24 April 1987, About Ethiopian Consultation'

    Discusses the KGB’s opinion of Mengistu, the level of support for the Ethiopian intelligence services, and the difficulties the Soviets experienced in dealing with their Ethiopian counterparts within specific fields of state security.

  • June, 1988

    East German Ministry for State Security, 'On the Position of the Army in the Political System of Ethiopia

    Excerpt of a Stasi report on the Ethiopian army. This portion of the report deals with the Army’s dissatisfaction with the quality of the Soviet Union’s armaments; the East German material ponders how much of this is part of anti-Soviet sentiment, and how much is due to their professional incapacity.

  • June 06, 1988

    East German Ministry of State Security, 'The Current Situation in PDRE [People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia] and the Region'

    Stasi report on the current state of Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict as of early June 1988. It concludes that in the event of Mengistu turning toward Moscow for additional arms supplies, the latter is likely to reject them in favor of a political solution to the conflict.

  • July, 1988

    'Information About the Highlights of a Brief Working Visit to the USSR (25-27 July This Year [1988]) of the General Secretary of the WPE CC, the President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Mengistu Haile Mariam'

    Soviet authorities inform their Hungarian allies of the outcome of Mengistu’s August 1988 visit to Moscow. Mengistu has ignored Soviet pleas to find a peaceful solution to the Eritrean conflict.

  • September 19, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo with excerpt of Protocol #165/30, 19 September 1989

    Concerns Soviet ties to Mengistu Haile Mariam of Ethiopia.

  • November 17, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo, excerpt from Protocol #172/1, 17 November 1989

    Concerns further Soviet relations with Ethiopia.

  • May 11, 1990

    CPSU CC Protocol #187/18, 11 May 1990

    This protocol deals with military, defense, and economic matters of the Soviet Union. It also contains a report pertaining to Soviet relations with Ethiopia.

  • May 21, 1991

    CPSU CC Report, 21 May 1991

    This report deals with the political crisis in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It also concerns Soviet plans to settle the conflict.