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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 22, 1955

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou's Reception of the Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    The Indonesian ambassador tells Zhou that the Indonesian government has sent out the letter of invitation inviting China to attend the Asia-African Conference. Indonesia hopes that PRC will send delegation to this conference and that the Chinese premier will visit Indonesia. Zhou Enlai expresses that after the Chinese government receives the official letter of invitation, the government will give official reply.

  • March 18, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 2 (Overall Issue No. 5)

    This issue marks the fifth anniversary of the Sino-Soviet Friendship and Mutual Assistance Alliance Treaty. It also contains telegrams that Zhou Enlai and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld sent to each other regarding PRC participation in a UN Security Council meeting, which would discuss New Zealand. Other telegrams and reports discuss plans for the Bandung Asian-African Conference, the distribution of new renminbi currency, taxes, and postal fees.

  • September 11, 1956

    Caucus Opening Remarks Made by Mr. Chin Hang Gong, Head of the Korean Delegation to the Saigon APACL Preliminary Meeting

    Chin Hang Gong announces that "the time of crisis is upon us" during his address to an APACL meeting in Saigon.

  • September 21, 1956

    Report, UN Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, 'Note on the China-Burma Border Question'

    The Department of Political and Security Council Affairs provides an overview of the history and current status of the disputed China-Burma border.

  • October 26, 1956

    Letter No. 24 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    President Rhee briefly responds to Minister Choi's report, requesting that Choi not to push a meeting between South Korean and South Vietnamese leaders at this time.

  • December 13, 1956

    CDS Report No. 28 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on his concern about Japan's possible entry into the United Nations, anti-Communist strategies, and recent South Vietnamese affairs.

  • February 16, 1957

    Premier Zhou Enlai Receives Pakistani Ambassador Ahmed, and Accepts Letter From Pakistani Premier Suhrawady Explaining the Kashmir Issue

    Zhou Enlai and Pakistani Ambassador Ahmed discuss the Indian-Pakistani dispute over Kashmir, the likelihood of a military conflict in the region, and the possibility that such a conflict could be used by the United States to its advantage.

  • October 25, 1957

    CDS Report No. 60 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin offers an update on the Colombo Plan Conferences, the attitudes of regional countries, and reports on the bombing incidents in Saigon.

  • October 30, 1957

    Letter No. 96 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    President Rhee expresses concern about South Korea's admission to the Colombo Plan and America's passive stance on Red China.

  • March 01, 1958

    From the Journal of K.A. Krutikov, 'Record of a Conversation with GONG PUSHENG, Chief of the PRC MFA Department of International Organizations'

    Gong Pusheng outlines the competitions between the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China for representation in different international political bodies.

  • September 04, 1958

    Memo, Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Soviet Embassy in China

    Memorandum detailing Chinese strategy in countering US support for Taiwan and US policy in Asia.

  • September 30, 1958

    Memorandum of Conversation: Premier Zhou Receives Indian Ambassador to China Parthasarathy

    Premier Zhou and Ambassador Parthasarathy discuss Chinese representation at the United Nations, progress at the Sino-US Ambassadorial Talks in Warsaw, and the ongoing crisis in Taiwan. Zhou expresses frustration with American intransigence regarding Taiwan, particularly its insistence on a ceasefire, which Zhou views as an attempt "to fool the people of the world," and vows that China will continue to fight in Taiwan.

  • July 25, 1959

    Deputy Department Director He Ying Receives Indonesian Chargé d'Affaires Suleman and Discusses Matters Related to Sino-Pakistani Relations

    He Ying and Suleman discuss the visit of a Chinese Muslim delegation from Taiwan to Pakistan and the state of Sino-Pakistani relations more generally.

  • September 16, 1959

    G. Zhukov to the CPSU CC

    A PRC memorandum outlines supposed American plots to create “two Chinas."

  • August 22, 1960

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Deputy Minister Geng and Pakistani Ambassador to Afghanistan Khan Abdur Rahman Khan at Ambassador Khan’s Banquet for Vice Premier Chen

    Pakistani Ambassador to Afghanistan Khan and Chinese Deputy Minister Geng discuss Sino-Afghani trade, Sino-Pakistani relations, and the status of Pakistani and Chinese nationals in Indonesia. While both officials express hope that Sino-Pakistani relations will improve and any Sino-Pakistani border issues will soon be resolved, Geng expresses his displeasure with Pakistan's long-standing opposition to the restoration of China's seat at the UN.

  • December 29, 1960

    Summary of Talks between Prime Minister Zhou Enlai and Norodom Sihanouk while Driving to Nanjing on December 20th

    Zhou Enlai and Sihanouk discuss the situations in Laos and in the Congo, commenting on the Geneva Conference on Laos and the role of the United Nations in resolving the Congo crisis.

  • March 19, 1961

    Annex #1 to 'Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961'

    Recommendation that the GPRA closely monitor China's potential admission to the United Nations. Recognizes that the USSR's efforts to get China recognized by the UN, if successful, could lead to the normalization of Chinese-French relations, and withdrawal of Chinese support for Algerian struggle; advises Algeria to quickly create a diplomatic relationship with China to make this withdrawal more difficult.

  • August 05, 1961

    Record of a Conversation between Deputy Secretary Huang Zhen and the Polish Ambassador to China

    Huang Zhen and Jerzy Knothe discuss the socialist bloc's foreign policy coordination.

  • September 03, 1961

    Telegram from the Albanian ambassador in Belgrade, Tahmaz Beqari, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania

    The ambassador reports on the proceedings of the Belgrade conference of non-aligned countries, and about the differences and nuances of the stances of various delegations. Except India, Libya, and the United Arab Republic, all delegations were in favor of China’s participation in the United Nations. In addition, Nehru pointed out that colonialism is in agony while the Ghanaian, Cuban, Iraqi, Nepalese and Ethiopian delegations claimed to the contrary. When Dorticós, the Cuban President, began unmasking American imperialism, the diplomats of Western countries left the conference. The diplomats of friendly countries, according to Beqari, called the speeches of the conference “80% positive.”

  • September 21, 1961

    Transcript of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Bernard Law Montgomery

    Premier Zhou speaks with Viscount Montgomery of Alamein about propositions to ease international tensions. Zhou agrees with Montgomery's three propositions one of which is withdrawal of foreign troops from other countries territory. Zhou proposes withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea and Taiwan cross straits. Also, on the Taiwan issue, Zhou says that there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of China. Zhou believes that Taiwan issue is a internal domestic issue that should not be discussed by the UN.