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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 17, 1955

    Plan (Draft) for Compilation, Translation and Publication in Cooperation for the Propaganda in the Asian-African Conference

    A list of books and pamphlets to be distributed by China at the Asian-African for the purpose of propaganda. The topics concerned include: Nationality, Religion in China, China in general, Taiwan, and China's Five Principles

  • April 21, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 5 (Overall Issue No. 8)

    This issue begins with an announcement from Mao Zedong to end the state of war between China and Germany. It then features several reports about the Bandung Asian-African Conference in Indonesia, including a statement about the bomb explosion that sought to target Zhou Enlai on the way there. Other sections cover topics such as Sino-Indian relations, the creation of a Third Ministry of Machine Building to oversee developments in aviation, and the establishment of ethnic autonomous areas.

  • August 10, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 12 (Overall Issue No. 15)

    This issue begins with an order to reorganize county and district public security forces into the "People's Armed Police." The State Council also responds to questions about providing vacation time for Muslim holidays in Guangxi province and discusses various educational matters. One section features instructions for the management of "reactionary, obscene, or absurd" books and images.

  • March 10, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 09 (Overall Issue No. 35)

    This issue features a political report from Zhou Enlai, which discusses the Five-Year Plan, the transformation of Chinese intellectuals, the United States, and Taiwan. It also conveys instructions from the Department of Higher Education, the Ministry of Health, the Sports Committee, and the New Democracy Youth League (later the Communist Youth League) to further develop sports in colleges and universities. Other sections cover various administrative concerns, including the division of districts in Shanghai, the establishment of Guixi Tong Autonomous Prefecture in Guangxi, and the transfer of towns from Jilin Province to Inner Mongolia.

  • May 15, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 18 (Overall Issue No. 44)

    This issue addresses the organization of a local People's Congress and People's Committees for the Xiangxi Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Hunan. It also includes plans to implement a cultural and entertainment tax with two-year exemptions for Chinese opera, dramas, Western opera, dance, music, folk theater, and acrobatics. Other sections consider a piece-rate pay system for workers on state-owned mechanized farms and problems with improving secondary education.

  • June 11, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 22 (Overall Issue No. 48)

    This issue addresses Sino-Cambodian trade and ways that the UN Command forces then sought to block the peaceful reunification of Korea. It also discusses the 1956 election and enrollment in night schools and colleges. Other sections cover a holiday for amateur writers and preparations for a research institute dedicated to the study of minority languages.

  • June 29, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 24 (Overall Issue No. 50)

    In this issue, Zhou Enlai congratulates Gamal Abdel Nasser on the final withdrawal of foreign troops from Egypt. Several sections cover factory safety and various administrative concerns, such as dividing Inner Mongolia into different banners.

  • September 22, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 34 (Overall Issue No. 60)

    This issue features the text of a resolution to support the Soviet call for disarmament that passed through the National People's Congress. It also includes a joint statement about relations with Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and summarizes a government visit to Tibet. Other sections address strengthening agricultural production cooperatives, problems in education, and provincial administrative concerns, such as the creation of Linxia Autonomous Prefecture for Hui Muslims in Gansu.

  • January 07, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with the Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade LÜ JIANREN

    Lü Jianren briefs Dobashin on calls for an independent Uyghur republic.

  • January 12, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with Deputy Chairman of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade XIN LANTING

    Xin Lanting discusses growing calls for the separation of Xinjiang from the People's Republic of China.

  • January 17, 1958

    Memorandum of a Discussion held by USSR Consul-General in Ürümchi, G S. Dobashin, with First Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Wang Enmao, and Chair of the People’s Committee, Comrade S. Äzizov

    In a conversation with the Soviet Consul-General, Wang Enmao describes "local nationalism" within Xinjiang and open hostility towards Chinese Communist Party rule.

  • January 20, 1958

    Note from G. Dobashin, Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, to Comrades N.T. Fedorenko, Zimianin, and P.F. Iudin

    G. Dobashin summarizes recent talks with leading officials in Xinjiang, including Wang Enmao, S. Äzizov, and Xin Lanting, about the Party Plenum in Xinjiang. Full versions of the conversations are attached to the file.

  • January 22, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion with Wang Huangzhang, Head of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Prefectural People's Committee

    Wang Huangzhang reports on "local nationalism" in Xinjiang and poor agricultural conditions in the region.

  • February 05, 1958

    Iu. Andropov to the Central Committee of the CPSU, 'On the Struggle with Local Nationalism in China'

    Iu. Andropov of the Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU describes Chinese Communist Party meetings in Xinjiang and "local nationalism" in China's far northwest.

  • March 03, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov, 'On Manifestations of Local Nationalism in Xinjiang (PRC)'

    During party meetings in Xinjiang, some individuals advocated for the creation of an independent Uyghur republic.

  • August 18, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov

    E. I. Shalunov meets with the Chief of the Education Department of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Zakirov, to discuss criticisms against other local leaders in XUAR and recent Party meetings.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Handling the Issue of Border Residents Fleeing from Yili and Tacheng to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry directs border guards in Xinjiang to interface with Soviet counterparts.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Department of Consular Affairs, Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Flight of Border Residents from Yili and Tacheng'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry asks why individuals in Xinjiang are crossing the border into the Soviet Union.

  • April 21, 1962

    Telephone Reporting Points from Comrade Xu Huang, Deputy Director of the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Chinese official Xu Huang reports possible reasons for the exodus of Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office, 'Report on the Flight of Border Residents from the Yili and Tacheng Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office offers one of the first accounts of the cross-border flight of Uyghurs and Kazakhs.