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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 23, 1956

    Minutes of the KWP CC Plenum Held on 23 September 1956

    The decision of the September Plenum is to rehabilitate the accused party members instead of removing them from the Korean Workers' Party. The session is attend by Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai.

  • September 25, 1956

    Telegram from V. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan

  • September 26, 1956

    Telegram from Ponomarev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Peng Dehuai informs the Soviet delegation that the DPRK has not published the results of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Pllenum as promised. Peng suggests that if the DPRK fails to publish the resolutions, another joint delegation should be sent to Pyongyang.

  • October 11, 1956

    Telegram from USSR Ambassador to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan, 'Decision of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum'

    Ivanov lists the accusations raised against those involved in the August Plenum incident, and describes the decision which calls for their expulsion from the Korean Workers' Party.

  • October 19, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between B.N. Vereshchagin and DPRK Consul General to the USSR Kim Hyung-mo

    Kim Hyung-mo tells advisor to the Far East Department B.N. Vereshchagin about a letter written by DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo, addressed to Kim Il Sung. Ri asked Kim to have it translated into Russian so that Fedorenko could read it as well.

  • October 22, 1956

    Letter from DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo to Kim Il Sung

    Ri expresses strong disapproval of the accusations brought against certain party members, including himself. He asks that he be removed from the Korean Workers' Party and presents his own accusations against Kim of embezzling state funds.

  • November 28, 1956

    Letter Fischer to Florin, North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Fisher informs Florin about personnel changes in North Korean Embassy in Soviet Union.

  • August 05, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 5 August 1957

    Pak Ui-wan and Puzanov discuss the recent arrest of suspected factionalist KWP members. Pak expresses anxiety for Soviet Koreans.

  • August 09, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 August 1957

    Nam Il shares his positive impressions of meeting North Korean voters with Puzanov. Puzanov also asks about the investigation of anti-Party North Korean factionalists and encourages the exchange of information with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang.

  • August 13, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 August 1957

    At a conference of Ambassadros, Puzanov offers information on the DPRK's economic progress and the USSR's achievements since the Great October Socialist Revoloution. He also visits Nam Il and inquires about the investigations of anti-Party North Korean leaders and North Korean greetings to USSR officials.

  • August 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the possibility of Korean citizens in Japan studying in DPRK higher education institutions, matters of the DPRK's draft five-year plan and terms of trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea, factionalist activities against the KWP leadership and DPRK government, and South Korean insurgency against North Korea leading up to DPRK elections.

  • August 22, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 August 1957

    Puzanov and Pak Ui-wan discuss the construction of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, the KWP CC leadership's suspicions against factionalists, and Pak Ui-wan's efforts to clear himself of suspicion. Later, Puzanov meets with Nam Il and discusses railroad construction, the second session of the World Meteorological Organization, settling citizenship issues, and the sale of goods for agricultural products from collective farms in the Soviet Union.

  • August 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 August 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that he endorses organized public screenings of Socialist Revolution films. Nam Il and Kim Il Sung suggest a bilateral convention regarding dual citizenship, and Nam Il reports that the KWP CC is occupied with the investigation of anti-Party activity in the KWP leadership. Puzanov recommends that they inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang about developments in this regard as soon as possible.

  • August 31, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 August 1957

    Nam Il reports to Puzanov that the KWP Presidium approved all USSR suggestions on the DPRK's draft five-year plan. They go on to discuss the commissions that exist in the Soviet Union and plans for organizing DPRK commissions. At a luncheon later that day, Kim Il Sung reiterates his gratitude for USSR consultation on DPRK economic development with Puzanov reminding the DPRK of its trade obligations.

  • September 03, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 3 September 1957

    Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov at length about the KWP's new leadership considerations, expressing his opinions about specific individuals recommended to or disqualified from prestigious government posts. Then they discuss a DPRK agricultural cooperative and bartering for the purchase of agricultural produce. Later, Puzanov meets with Pak Ui-wan, who is concerned about KWP investigations regarding his past work in addition to his alleged connection to accused factionalists.

  • September 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 September 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss preparations for a citizenship convention in Pyongyang as well as a KWP delegation's trip to Moscow in celebration of Great October. Then Nam Il solicits Puzanov's feedback on the composition of the DPRK government as described in 3 September. The anti-Party group of Choe Chang-ik, Pak Chang-ok, and others still appears to concern the KWP CC leadership.

  • September 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 September 1957

    Pak Ui-wan informs Puzanov that the upcoming KWP CC Plenum will scrutinize his competence. Methods used for the trial of the factionalists are also harsh, and fear of condemnation by association makes it difficult for anyone to defend the accused; Soviet Koreans in particular seem to be heavily criticized. Kim Il Sung has discouraged KWP members from taking a holiday or seeking medical treatment in the Soviet Union.

  • September 30, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 30 September 1957

    Puzanov visits the Minister of Internal Affairs to discuss the exchange of delegations. In the evening, he attends the celebration of the PRC's 8th anniversary. During an intermission between artistic performances, Pak Ui-wan informs Puzanov of the issues to be addressed at the KWP CC October Plenum.

  • October 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung reports that a Norh Korean delegation is "going to Moscow with great eagerness" and reveals that a KWP Central Committee Plenum will be convened in October 1957.

  • October 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 October 1957

    Nam Il discusses the results of the KWP CC Plenum, where issues concerning members charged with anti-Party and factional activities and the three organized sections were discussed.