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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 05, 1946

    Memo from a Telegraph Report of Ashurov from Tehran

    Memo describing the conclusion of Soviet-Iranian negotiations. A joint communique was adopted with provisions to withdraw Soviet troops from Iran, establish a joint oil company, and conduct reforms in Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • April 12, 1946

    Telegram from the CC CP of Azerbaijan to M.D. Bagirov on the Soviet-Iranian agreement

    The Central Committee of the Azerbaijan SSR responds approvingly to the Soviet-Iranian agreement in which the Soviets agreed to withdraw military forces in exchange for oil concessions from Iran.

  • April 22, 1946

    Message from Bagirov to Stalin and Molotov on Qavam’s trip to Moscow.

    A letter from Bagirov to Stalin and Molotov about public opinion of Qavam’s trip to Moscow and the Iranian-Soviet negotiations. It also requests advice about establishing a bank in Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • May 08, 1946

    Joseph V. Stalin to Ja'far Pishevari, Leader of the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan, 8 May 1946

    Letter to Ja'far Pishevari, leader of the People's Government of Azerbaijan, from Joseph Stalin, explaining the reasons for Soviet withdrawal from Iran. He asserts that by not pulling out their troops from Iran, he would have given the British and the Americans an excuse keep troops stationed around the world.

  • December 09, 1946

    Memo via a Telegraph Message from Tabriz

    Forwarding a message from the leaders of the Azerbaijan Democratic Party begging for military aid from the Soviet Union against Iranian forces.

  • July 22, 1949

    From the Journal of A. A. Gromyko, 'Reception of the Ambassador of Iran in Moscow Nader Arasteh, 21 July 1949'

    A list of outstanding issues between the governments of Iran and the Soviet Union, delivered by the Iranian ambassador in Moscow to A. A. Gromyko. The issues include debts owed to the National Bank of Iran, the USSR's failure to remove wartime infrastructure and return Iranian property, and control of the Iranian fishing industry.

  • October 28, 1949

    M. Maksimov, 'The National Front in Iran'

    Memorandum describing the "National Front" movement in Iran. Notes that one of the organizers, Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, is anti-USSR and should be opposed. Also asserts that the pro-Great Britain tendencies of other members of the movement indicate that it is receiving support from the British.

  • May 11, 1950

    From the Diary of A. I. Lavrent'yev, 'Reception of Iranian Ambassador in Moscow Nader Arasteh, 10 May 1950'

    Diary entry recording a conversation between A. Lavrent'yev and Iranian Ambassador to USSR Nader Arasteh on the topic of the funeral for Reza Shah. Arasteh expresses that Iran took insult at the fact that there was no Soviet representative at the ceremony and the Soviet embassy did not fly its flag at half mast. Lavrent'yev defends the Soviet position on the grounds that there is no international norm for these matters, and that Reza Shah cooperated with Nazi Germany.

  • 1951

    Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin, VKP(b) CC Decree, [with attached table]

    Instructions for Soviet delegation in Iran for preliminary protocol agreements in ongoing financial negotiations. See the attached table.

  • 1951

    Memorandum Concerning Soviet and Iranian Financial Claims, Attached to Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin

    Table delineating the agreed upon, proposed, and rejected financial claims of Iran and the Soviet Union. Attached as a memo to a set of draft instructions for Soviet delegates in Iran.

  • January, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Possible Visit of the Iranian Shah to Moscow

    Report on the possibility of a visit by the Iranian Shah to Moscow. Endorses the idea of entertaining the possibility, noting that rejecting his request to come to Moscow could push the ruling circles of Iran closer to the Western bloc.

  • July 12, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree Draft, Soviet-Iranian Negotiations

    Draft attached to telegram, explaining that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Relations (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree with the idea of suspending negotiations with Iranians. Specifically, this is because they believe the recess will be used against them by the British and Americans in Iran.

  • July 12, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Settling Mutual Financial Claims with Iran

    Telegram distributed among top Soviet officials regarding ongoing negotiations between Iran and the USSR over financial claims. Agreements have been reached on some smaller claims, but the main Soviet claim for oil and the main Iranian claim for gold both remain an issue. Telegram suggests that the negotiations be recessed, while noting that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree.

  • September 01, 1951

    Minutes No. 83 of VKP(b) CC Politburo Decisions for the Period 2 August - 7 October 1951

    CPSU Politburo's instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, regarding the sale of lubricants to Iran.

  • September 14, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report on the status of Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that most claims have been renounced, but issue of returning Iranian gold is still contentious, and advises against notifying Iranian delegation of possible further Soviet concessions.

  • September 29, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cdes. Sadchikov and Chechulin Concerning the Issue of the Settlement of the Mutual Financial Claims with Iran'

    Decree sent to Soviet delegation in Iran, instructing them to suspend negotiations with the Iranians, under the pretext of returning to Moscow to report to their government. They are also to reject the Iranian final proposal as premature.

  • September 29, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials updating the ongoing Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that Soviet delegation has rejected as premature the Iranian offer to begin working on a final protocol, on the grounds that the balance of favor is leaning too far toward Iran at this point.

  • 1952

    Message to the CC CPSU from Members of the People's Party of Iran

    The People's Party of Iran requests the return of as many party members to Iran as possible.

  • January 17, 1952

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Draft Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov About the Issue of the Shah of Iran's Overture

    Series of drafts relating to the the Shah's Chief of Office, Nurzad, and his declaration about a possible visit by the Shah to Moscow. Unclear to the Soviet representatives whether that Shah actually desires to go to Moscow.

  • April, 1952

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran, in Connection with the Iranian Government's Offer to Sell the Soviet Union Oil'

    Instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, informing them that they are to show interest in Iranian offers of oil, but ask for specific proposals and note problems with the Soviet oil tanker fleet. Also notes that they emphasize that this issue is tied to that of Soviet-Iranian financial negotiations, and that any problems in this area are not the fault of the Soviet Union.