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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 24, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK, Nam Il

    Nam Il speaks to Soviet Charge d'Affairs about the dangers of recent Soviet-Korean criticism of Kim Il Sung. They fear that Kim Il Sung would misinterpret the criticisms and create international tension.

  • September 01, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Premier Kim Il Sung

    Yoon Gong-heum and others at the August Plenum speak out against the cult of personality in the KWP and reject the party line. They are expelled from the party, and those who fled are held at the Chinese border.

  • September 01, 1956

    Diary of Ambassador of the USSR to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov for the period from 29 August to 14 September 1956

    Kim Il Sung, in conversation with Ivanov, expresses his concerns about assignment of personnel and the cult of personality in North Korea.

  • September 05, 1956

    Report by N.T. Fedorenko on a Conversation with Ri Sang-jo, Ambassador of the DPRK to the USSR

    The Ambassador of the DPRK to the Soviet Union reports on the mishandling of critics during the August and September Plenums, and testifies "to the existence of the most negative consequences of the cult of personality in the DPRK."

  • September 06, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan explains to V.I. Ivanov the personality cult in the Korean Worker's Party and the somewhat unstable condition of the Worker's Party due to the debate surrounding the cult of personality.

  • September 18, 1956

    Conversation records between Chairman Mao Zedong and the Soviet Communist Party Delegation, 18 September 1956

    Mao Zedong and the Soviet Community Party Delegation exchanged views on Korean issues and a potential visit by Kim Il Sung to the PRC.

  • October 22, 1956

    Letter from DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo to Kim Il Sung

    Ri expresses strong disapproval of the accusations brought against certain party members, including himself. He asks that he be removed from the Korean Workers' Party and presents his own accusations against Kim of embezzling state funds.

  • November 22, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Bak Uiwan on 22 November 1956

    Discussion with Bak Uiwan, who notes that the KWP's atmosphere is still tense following the August Plenum. Uiwan claimed Kim Il Sung agreed with the suggestions of the Sino-Soviet delegation (Mikoyan and Dehuai) in order to avoid tension in the meeting, but had no intention of following through.

  • April 27, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 27 April 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss the possibility of Soviet military advisers to North Korea. Then they talk about the guest list for a comradely lunch, the TASS statement, and Kim Il Sung's deteriorated health due to the stresses of party consolidation.

  • December 17, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss the situation in the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' Party and the ongoing purges of the "August Group."

  • February 03, 1958

    Note from Minister M. Naszkowski, 'Regarding the Political Situation in the DPRK'

    M. Naszkowski reports on the December 1957 Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee and the continued emphasis on the "August Group" during the Plenum.

  • February 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 February 1960

    Kim Il Sung describes his kidney disease in a conversation with the Soviet Ambassador and provides information on agriculture and ongoing administrative restructuring in North Korea.

  • March 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 March 1960

    In the midst of discussions between Puzanov and Karoly Prat and Pak Jeong-ae on North Korea's foreign trade, it is revealed that Kim Il Sung is suffering from kidney disease.

  • May 02, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 2 May 1960

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss events in South Korea, North Korea's Seven-Year Plan, Soviet-Korean relations, and Kim's health problems.

  • May 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 May 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol reports that Syngman Rhee has left South Korea and comments on Kim Il Sung's health.

  • June 01, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 June 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol comments on the protest movement in South Korea, the removal of Syngman Rhee, and U.S. policy toward Korea.

  • July 31, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 July 1960

    In a conversation with Puzanov, Pang Hak-se expresses gratitude for the enormous aid from the Soviet Government, reports a small sea engagement with the South Korea, explains aftermath of Kim Il Sung’s visit to Moscow, and distinguish Pro-china faction members within the North Korea political community.

  • October 07, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 October 1960

    Kim Tae-hui briefs the foreign diplomatic community in the DPRK on the struggles in South Korea and for the peaceful reunification of the country.

  • October 08, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 October 1960

    Petro Gedeshi and Kurt Schneidewind argue about the Soviet decision to recall specialists from the China. Kim Il Sung understands the delay of Khrushchev's visit to the DPRK and suggests that it be rescheduled for spring 1961.

  • October 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 October 1960

    Kim Chang-man notifies Puzanov of North Korea's attendance at a meeting of communist and workers parties, and comments on Kim Il Sung's health.