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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Stalin on the Political Mood in North Korea

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) describing the successes of KPA forces in the South. He also relays the concern of some of the DPRK cadre regarding American intervention.

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • July 06, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 35678 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Shtykov

    Stalin approves of sending North Korea arms through China.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 405976 from Shtykov to Feng Xi [Stalin], transmitting letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) relaying a request from Kim Il Sung for military advisors.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 37219 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Shtykov

    Telegram from Stalin to North Korea advising that they reply to UN Secretary General Trygve Lie's concerns for treatment of POW's through a radio broadcast by a POW saying that prisoners are being treated well by the KPA.

  • July 18, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Gao Gang

    The Chinese attempt to mobilize the ethnic Koreans living in northeast China to return and serve North Korea in the war.

  • July 24, 1950

    DPRK Military Decree on Increasing the Production of Ammunition

    A Korean People's Army report on increasing the production of ammunitions during the early stages of the Korean War.

  • August 11, 1950

    The Political Situation in Korea during the Period of Military Operations

    A report on the Korean War from June through August 1950, including discussions on the start of the conflict, news media in North and South Korea, the air war, and the North Korean occupation of Seoul.

  • August 23, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    North Korea requests train locomotives and air force pilots from China, to which China agrees to the train locomotives.

  • August 28, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, congratulating him for his victories thus far and offering advise on the air force strategies.

  • September 20, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    China approves of Kim Il Sung's idea of fighting a protracted war, and gives advice on military strategies that will make a protracted war possible.

  • September 21, 1950

    Telegram from Soviet Defense Minister A.M. Vasilevsky to Stalin

    Vasilevsky reports on the state of Korean fighter aviation regiments, damaged Soviet regiments in Korea, Korean maintenance crews and transport of battalions and munitions supplies to Korea, allowing Stalin to decide, pending further calculations, whether or not it would be logical to transfer aircraft to Pyongyang.

  • September 26, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Matveyev (Zakharov) to Feng Xi (Stalin)

    Telegram from Zakharov to Stalin detailing the dire situation for the North Koreans following the Incheon landing.

  • September 27, 1950

    Telegram from Matveyev (Razuvayev V.N.) to Stalin

    Matveyev describes the state of the Korean People’s Army, particularly the severe status of troops in Seoul and Busan after having encountered American air and ground forces. Matveyev also reports on a meeting between several Soviet and Korean foreign ministers in which Kim Il Sung assumed the tasks of both Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Defense Minister and ordered the deployment of troops northward. Matveyev also outlines the steps he plans to take as a Soviet envoy in aiding the desperate Korean army.

  • September 27, 1950

    Telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Matveyev (Razuvayev V.N.) and T.F. Shtykov

    Stalin blames the recent success of the UN forces in Seoul on the inefficiency of the KPA’s Frontline Command and Soviet military advisors, as well erroneous use of tank tactics and overall combat strategy. Stalin provides a detailed list instructing military advisors, and especially Vasilyev, how to delpoy and manage Korean troops around Seoul.

  • September 29, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin

    Shtykov gives an insider’s report of a meeting with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong, in which they discussed the current desperate state of the KPA, possible advancement of the US forces over the 38th parallel and the extent of the enemy’s knowledge of Soviet Union deliveries to North Korea. Kim asks for advice concerning the appeal for military aid that the Political Council of the Worker’s Party of Korea plans to send to Stalin. Shytkov comments on the nervousness and desperation of the Korean officials.

  • September 29, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from DPRK leader Kim Il Sung and South Korean Communist Leader Pak Heon-yeong to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong telling Stalin of the losses they have incurred following American air and ground attacks in South Korea and of their general lack of supplies and trained personnel.

  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Instantsia (Stalin)

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin reporting the dire circumstances into which the North Koreans had fallen in the wake of the Incheon landings. Mentioned is a correspondence between the North Koreans and Mao which hinted at possible Chinese aid.

  • October 01, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Kim Il Sung

    China advises Kim Il Sung to have the North Korean armies retreat north of the 38th parallel as quickly as possible after the First Front Army was cut off by the opposing side.

  • October 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai asking that they consider moving 5-6 divisions of Chinese volunteers to the China-DPRK border in order to give the North Koreans cover under which to reorganize their troops. Stalin explicitly states that he will not mention this idea to the North Koreans.