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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1950

    First Communist Cell in Lebanon

    Discusses the early years of the Communist Movement in Lebanon, the newspaper “Humanity” (al-insaniyya). Describes links between the Communist Party in Lebanon and foreign countries as well as in the Arab world, methods of Communist Propaganda

  • 1950

    History of the Lebanese Communist Party

    Document describing the history and development of communism in Lebanon, the founding of the Lebanese Communist Party, the magazine “Humanite,” links between the LCP and foreign countries, with a separate section for Armenia. Document also discusses Egyptian communist groups in Lebanon and the relationship between communist groups in different Arab countries.

  • 1950

    The Pacifist Movement

    Document describing the origin of the Pacifist movement in Lebanon, its development in the Middle East, and mentions how the Communist Party came to be involved in the movement.

  • 1950

    Niqūlā al-Shāwī [Nicola al Shawi]

    Short biography of Lebanese Communist leader Niqūlā al-Shāwī.

  • 1950

    Disagreements within the Communist Party

    Declaration on the investigation and expulsion of a central committee member due to his continued dissent.

  • 1950

    Untitled report on the objectives of the Communist Party

    Account of the major and tactical goals of the Communist Party, as well as a calendar of protests and recent modifications in strategy and objectives.

  • February 24, 1950

    Communist Demonstration in al-Morouj

    Information on the activities of members of the Lebanese Communist Party in the days leading up to a communist demonstration in the al-Morouj neighborhood, specific attention paid to the Kharaat family. Information on a spy working for King Abdullah of Jordan.

  • July 15, 1950

    Letter from Riyad al Solh about Combating Communism

    Letter from Riyad al-Solh answering Chehab's questions regarding communist activities in Lebanon.

  • July 15, 1950

    Letter from Riyad al Solh about Combating Communism

    Letter from Riyad al-Solh [encouraging the police to] cooperate with the Sûreté Générale in order to stop supporters of communism.

  • July 16, 1950

    Combating Communism

    Report on police surveillance of Communist activities in Lebanon.

  • August 18, 1950

    Combating Communism

    Report on a secret negotiations between Boswell, Pinkerton and the foreign ministries of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt regarding anti-communist efforts in the Middle East.

  • March 06, 1951

    The Communists and the Elections

    Document discusses communist activities in the Lebanese elections and Lebanese-Soviet cooperation in nominating communist candidates for the Lebanese House of Representatives.

  • March 08, 1951

    Women's Demonstration

    Short document describing a demonstration by the Women's Rights Committee on March 8th 1951 (International Women's Day).

  • July 12, 1951

    Communist Activities

    Information on future meetings of international communist groups.

  • September 02, 1951

    Disagreements Within a Party Branch

    A member of the Communist party, Comrade Joseph, criticizes the behavior of fellow party members during a meeting, as reported by several party members in attendance.

  • 1952

    Responsible Members of the Communist Party

    A list of Lebanese communist party officials and information about them including their parents' names, places and dates of birth, and nationalities.

  • February 01, 1952

    Internal Self-Criticism (Sālim [Salem], Farajallāh al-Ḥalū [Farjallah al-Helou])

    A letter from the central leadership denouncing a member of the party (Comrade Sālim), describing his actions as contrary to the principles of the party and affected by a bourgeois mentality, and Comrade Sālim's reply in his own defense.

  • July 13, 1952

    Communist Activities

    Report on communist activities, including efforts to recruit Palestinian refugees, their efforts to include women in the movement, and Antūn Ṭābit's trip to Berlin.

  • July 16, 1952

    Communist Activities

    Document discussing Western attempts to [gather information] on joint defense in the Middle East, pacifist activities in Syria.

  • 1953

    Communist Report about the Lebanese Elections

    Report about the Lebanese elections, including information on communist participation and information on the major non-communist figures.