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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 03, 1974

    Report by CSMD on Europe's Nine Autonomous Nuclear Force

    Report by CSMD on prospective configuration of Europe's Nine autonomous nuclear force. Includes discussion of NATO burden-sharing, comparison of US and European nuclear forces and costs. Annexes: A: French Military Balance 1972; B: French nuclear forces; C: Military Budget 1972; D: European Community nuclear forces.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'MBFR'

    This document describes the state of MBFR negotiations in May 1977, and concludes that the positions of the two sides have not moved closer to one another since the last meeting a year earlier.

  • October 15, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo: Atlantic Council - Consultations about security in view of the CSCE meeting to be held in Madrid"

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO, Tornetta, from the CSCE meeting in Madrid discusses the French proposal for a Conference on Disarmament (CDE) in Europe, and the negative impact of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on the international climate, even giving rise to disagreement among NATO members.

  • February 15, 1983

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Tornetta to Minster of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'Perspectives about Atlantic defense for the 1980s'

    Italy's pemanent representative to NATO, Vincenzo Tornetta, reports to foreign minister Colombo about the prospects of NATO's 1980s defence strategy. He offers an overview of the developments of the Alliance, and discusses topical questions including euromissiles and anti-war movements in Europe, and calls for increased openness and willingness to negotiate with the East.

  • December 08, 1983

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Notes for the discussion: East-West relations'

    This report is part of a wide documentation prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the meeting of the Atlantic Council in Brussels in December 1983. A central theme is the installation of the INF in Western Europe and the consequent interruption of the INF treaty negotiations in Geneva by the USSR.

  • May 26, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Updated positions of the Seven about the relaunch of the Organization - Preparatory works of the Ministerial Council in June'

    Following the presentation of a memorandum on the revival of WEU (31 January 1984), there appears to be substantial agreement on deepening European cooperation in the field of security. The document describes national positions of member countries.

  • November 15, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European cooperation in the field of armaments'

    This analysis focuses on the state of European security cooperation, discussing both common defense and coordination of military production. It criticizes the lack of unity, complexity of the current configuration, and its negative impact on transatlantic relations.

  • December 13, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council (Bruxelles, 13th-14th December, 1984). Security problems'

    Overview of the key security issues facing the Alliance in preparation for the December 1984 meeting in Brussels. The document discusses the state of Alliance, conventional and nuclear weapons, and the installment of INF in Europe, focusing on the potential for continuing East-West dialogue around disarmament.

  • December 13, 1984

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reactivation of UEO (Ideas and factual data)'

    A brief document calling for the revival of the WEU as a means of creating a deeper and more unified European defense and security cooperation.

  • January 01, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European participation to the Strategic Defense Initiative. Political implications'

    The report seeks to assess the possible strategic and political implications if Europe decides to join the SDI. It is difficult to predict the reaction of the Soviet Union, but ramifications for East-West relations cannot be ignored.

  • 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Coordination of the reactions of member countries to the US invitation to take part in the SDI (and attached: Interim Report of the SDI Working Group)'

    The document consists of a report from WEU working group on SDI (in French), and a summary of the WEU member states' positions, and their common efforts to coordinate a unified reaction to the American invitation to participate in SDI.

  • January 01, 1985

    Memorandum, 'Air defense - Patriot system'

    The document provides an assessment of the political and economic implications of Italy's potential participation in the building of the Patriot system.

  • May 23, 1985

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Sergio Romano to the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ruggiero

    A brief report about a meeting between Minister of Defense Spadolini and Secretary of Defense Weinberger. The two discuss opportunities for cooperation and interchange in the fields of SDI and conventional armaments.

  • June 06, 1985

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'State of the Alliance'

    After the installation of INF in Western Europe, NATO's focus has returned to the issue of burden sharing. The US has demonstrated its dissatisfaction with the European contribution, and pressure to strengthen European defense is mounting.

  • October 21, 1985

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - Meeting of High Officials in Bonn (16th-17th October 1985)'

    This summary from the final preparatory meeting describes the differences in opinion between France and Germany on the one hand and Italy on the other in reference to EUREKA. It also lists the key points for the upcoming ministerial conference in Hannover.

  • October 24, 1985

    Letter of the Minister for the Coordination of Scientific and Technological Research Luigi Granelli to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Minister Granelli writes to Andreotti to express his concerns over the French and German hastiness in coming to an agreement over EUREKA. Granelli lists minimum conditions that need to be met to ensure launching the project without running the risk of negative political and economic consequences.

  • October 29, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - "Declaration of principles" about Eureka. Comments'

    The Italian assessment of the draft "Declaration of Principles" on EUREKA, which will be submitted to the Ministerial Conference in Hanover. This document outlines the Italian position pointing out various weaknesses in the current draft and proposes necessary changes.

  • February 26, 1986

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'State of the Atlantic Alliance'

    Analysis of the state of Atlantic Alliance in the global security landscape shows political cohesion internally, and a firm position in the security sphere. NATO also appears open to dialogue with the Eastern block, but remains aware of the centrality of European security.

  • May 31, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    Brief note about the current position of Italy vis-a-vis Libya. Although state-supported terrorism in Libya should be fought, it is important to avoid escalating the antagonistic sentiments and pushing Libya to align with the USSR.

  • October 16, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Reykjavik Summit and issues related with disarmament'

    An analysis of the Reykjavik Summit touches on the impetus of the two parties, the outcome of the negotiations, and their possible implications for Italy.