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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • September 28, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana (Jeleń), 28 September 1962

    Jelen discusses a call he received from Foreign Minister Raúl Roa [García] regarding President Osvaldo Dorticós' statement to be made during the general debate of the next UN session. He also says that the "Cuban question has gained much attention" and that "currently there was no danger of [US] military aggression against Cuba."

  • September 29, 1962

    Italian Communist Journalist Carmine De Lepsis, Interview with Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, Havana

    In an interview with journalist Carmine De Lepsis, Che Guevara discusses the future development of the Cuban economy, the improvement in productivity and the establishment of new labor laws, dealing with the exodus of technicians, and in general part of the lower middle class, and compares the situation in Cuba to Latin America in general.

  • October 07, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Delegation at the 17th Session of the UN General Assembly (Afonso Arinos), New York

    A telegram from the Brazilian delegation to the UN General Assembly describing the impacts and opinions of the U.S. economic sanctions against Cuba from the understanding of the Eastern European and "Iron Curtain countries."

  • October 08, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Havana (de Gamboa)

    A telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Cuba describing the speech of Cuban President Dorticós, in the UN, as extremely ponderous and even conservative, by Cuban standards. Dorticos alluded at length to the North-American threats against Cuba, evidencing therefore, one more time, the “complex of invasion” that has motivated in large measures the comportment of the revolutionary government in international politics. Dorticos affirmed, moreover, that Cuba desires a “policy of peace and of coexistence” with all countries of the Continent, within an “absolute respect to the principle of non-intervention.”

  • October 08, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Delegation at the 17th UN General Assembly

    Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos says in a meeting with Afonso Arinos de Mello-Franco that Cuba does not desire to be armed more than it has to for defense. They also discuss United States interference in Cuban affairs.

  • October 16, 1962

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana (Görög), Report on Cuban President Dorticos’ Trip to New York

    Chargé d’Affaires ad Interim Erzsébet Görög reports on Cuban President Dorticos’s trip to New York and speak at the United Nations. Görög opens her report describing the Cuban delegations travel from Havana to New York—she adds that the confusion may have been planned for political purposes. Görög records her impressions of Dorticos’s speech and the Cuban public’s receipt of the Cuban delegation upon return.

  • October 18, 1962

    Resolutions by Bulgarian Communist Party Organizations in Havana

    The resolution includes a summary of the annual survey and election meeting of Bulgarian Communist Party organizations in Cuba. The resolution documents the meeting agenda and statements by Bulgarian officials Michev and Hubenov. In his comments, Michev summarizes the international climate in which Bulgarian organizations assisted Cuba. Hubenov’s comments follow. He discusses the political atmosphere in Cuba and disagrees with Michev’s comments on developments of political unity in Cuba. (Michev's comments are not included in the translation.) Hubenov also argues that the Bulgarian government is uninformed of the political situation in Cuba—its invitation for Fidel Castro to visit Bulgaria exemplifies the problem. Hubenov reviews the international impact of the Bay of Pigs invasion, the resulting isolation of Cuba in Latin America, and Castro’s inability to leave Cuba when the revolution’s success is threatened.

  • October 22, 1962

    Carlos Lechuga, Record of contacts at the UN Cuban Ambassador

    Carlos Lechuga's record of contacts of the UN Cuban Ambassador from 22 October 1962 to 11 January 1963.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from Mexican Embassy, Santo Domingo

    A telegram from the Mexican Embassy outlining that the Government of Cuba has turned a dangerous situation into, in their eyes, a peaceful one by allowing an aggressive Russian base with nuclear weapons in Cuba, as well as by measures for public force to suppress possible disorders.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from Swiss Foreign Ministry to Swiss Embassy in Havana (Stadelhofer)

    A telegram from the Swiss Foreign Ministry in Berne to the Swiss Embassy in Havana that describes the difficult and complex diplomatic situation presented by the Cuban crisis.

  • October 23, 1962

    Message from Mexican President Adolfo López Mateos to Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos

    A message from Mexican President Adolfo López Mateos to Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos. President Mateos expresses his concern with the possibility of weapons of aggression existing in Cuba. President Mateos hopes Cuba has not yet acquired these weapons, but that if it in fact has, he says that Mexico hopes "those bases are not used in any form whatsoever and the offensive weapons are withdrawn from Cuban territory."

  • October 24, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'A Brief Report of Recent Activities in Cuba'

    A report from the Chinese embassy in Cuba regarding the situation in Cuba. They report on: Castro's speech in response to Kennedy's statement from 22 October, and the Chinese embassy praises Castro; the economic situation in Cuba, including businesses, gas stations and hospitals; and the fact that the Cuban government has told United Arab Airlines and Holland Airlines that they can no longer land passenger aircraft in Cuba.

  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from Mexican Embassy, New Delhi

    A Mexican diplomat in New Delhi is requesting more information on Brazil’s offer to mediate Cuba conflict and the possibility of Mexico joining that mediation.

  • October 25, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Mexican Foreign Ministry Official and Peruvian Diplomat, Mexico City

    The Peruvian Chargé d’affaires Mr. Don Carlos Pérez Cánepa, visited the Second Undersecretary [Pablo] Campos Ortiz. The Peruvian diplomat is inquiring what the Mexican point of view was regarding possible military action (in which all the republics of the continent would take part) against Cuba.

  • October 25, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Mexican Foreign Ministry Official and Canadian Ambassador, Mexico City

    A meeting between the Mexican Foreign Ministry official and the Ambassador to Canada. The Canadian Ambassador says that planes from Cuba landing in Canada will be inspected for weapons, no planes from the Soviet Union will be allowed to flyover or land in Canada, and questions why the Mexican government voted the way it did on the US Resolution. To which the Mexican official replied that there were concerns over the use of military force against Cuba.

  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 12:45 p.m., Thursday

    An attempt to assure the Secretary of State for External Relations, at Minister Roa's request, of the total falsity of the accusation that, in Cuba, there exists any offensive armament and that Cuba solely desires effective guarantees in respect to its integrity and sovereignty and is ready even to dissolve its Army.

  • October 25, 1962

    Message from Swiss Embassy in Havana (Stadelhofer) to Swiss Foreign Ministry

    Stadelhofer speaks with Cuban Foreign Minister Raúl Roa, who assures Stadelhofer that he is working on putting a meeting together with Fidel Castro and Swiss officials.

  • October 25, 1962

    Notes on the visit of Soviet Chargé d’Affaires, Loginov, with Foreign Minister Wahlen

    Notes on the visit of Soviet Chargé d’Affaires Loginov with Foreign Minister Wahlen and their discussion of Switzerland's "policy of peace."

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Swiss Foreign Ministry to Swiss Embassy in Havana (Stadelhofer)

    A telegram from the Swiss Foreign Ministry to the Swiss Embassy in Havana summarizing a written message from the Cuban Ambassador, Jose Ruiz Velasco, concerning the U.S. blockade of Cuba.

  • October 27, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 5:45 p.m., Saturday

    Pinto tells the Foreign Ministry that he met with the Cuban Minister of External Relations, Raul Roa, but did not receive the Ministry's telegram message in time to ask Roa their question about the upcoming commission of the United Nations to Cuba and the Cuban government's affirmation that it would not accept any type of audit or inspection.