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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 23, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov and Cuban Ambassador to Ethiopia Jose Perez Novoa

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov and Cuban Ambassador to Ethiopia Jose Perez Novoa regarding the question of inviting Cuban military personnel to Ethiopia

  • August 26, 1977

    Record of Soviet-Somali Talks, Moscow (excerpts), with Somali aide-memoire, 10 August 1977

    Record of Soviet-Somali Talks, Moscow (excerpts), with Somali aide-memoire, 10 August 1977 regarding Soviet evaluations of the situation in Somalia and the Somali-Ethiopian conflict

  • August 31, 1977

    Record of negotiations between Somali and Soviet officials in Moscow from 15-19 August 1977 (excerpts)

    Record of negotiations between Somali and Soviet officials in Moscow (excerpts) regarding Somali-Ethiopian tensions and reactions by Somalis of negative comments in Soviet press regarding Somalia

  • September 02, 1977

    Message from Yugolav Embassy Addis Ababa, 'The Soviet Ambassador on the Ethiopian-Soviet Relations'

    A detailed view of Soviet reactions toward the Ethiopian-Somali conflict as of early September 1977, showing Moscow’s envoy to Addis Ababa’s conviction that Ethiopia would emerge victorious from the war. However, this document also gives a somewhat critical view on the part of Yugoslav’s diplomat regarding the Soviets’ unofficial and unsuccessful attempt to persuade Ethiopia to surrender part of Ogaden in order to appease the Somalis.

  • September 05, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov and Mengistu

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov and Mengistu regarding fighting between Ethiopian and Somali forces and Ethiopia’s support of the People’s Independent Movement in Djibouti

  • September 06, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov with US Charge d'Affaires A. Tienkin, 3 September 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov with U.S. Charge d'Affaires A. Tienkin regarding US feelings of improved US-Ethiopian and US-Somalian relations and US lack of interest in Soviet military aid to Ethiopia

  • September 10, 1977

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Meeting with Mengistu

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, memorandum of meeting with Mengistu with heads of diplomatic missions for the European socialist countries regarding the "imperialist" plot on the part of the US and other countries to overthrow the Ethiopian government

  • November 08, 1977

    CPSU CC to SED CC, Information on 30-31 October 1977 Closed Visit of Mengistu Haile Mariam to Moscow

    The memo concerns the visit of Mariam to Moscow and his meeting with the Central Committee. During the meeting he described the problems facing the Ethiopian regime, primarily the war with Somalia and relations with the other countries in the Horn of Africa.

  • December 07, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation, East German Official with Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov

    The memo details a conversation between Ratanov and an East German official. The talk covered the ongoing war with Somalia and the internal political situation of Ethiopia

  • January 16, 1978

    British Foreign Office, 'Soviet Role in the Horn of Africa'

    Drawing upon British concerns with respect to their possible reaction to Moscow’s support for Ethiopia against Somalia’s aggression, the Foreign Office Planning Staff looks into the wider international implications of the conflict in the Horn.

  • February 10, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between East German official Paul Markovski and CPSU CC International Department head Boris N. Ponomarev in Moscow

    The two men discussed the current situation in Ethiopia and focused on the assistance the Soviet Union and Cuba was providing to the Ethiopians. They also talked about the role the United States was playing in the Horn of Africa

  • February 13, 1978

    SED CC, Department of International Relations, 16 February 1978, Report on Conversation with [Vice-president] Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, Member of the Politburo of the CP Cuba, in Havana

    Ambassador Langer discusses with Rodriguez the current situation in Ethiopia, focusing on the Eritrean liberation movement and the ongoing war with Somalia. They also discuss levels of assistance by various outside powers to the region

  • February 16, 1978

    Embassy of the GDR in the USSR, Political Department, 17 February 1978, Memorandum of Conversation with the Dep. Head of the MFA Third Department (Africa), Comrade S. J. Sinitsin

    Sinitsin briefs the East German embassy in Moscow on the current situation in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. The briefing focuses on the ongoing war with Somalia and the internal situation in Ethiopia

  • March 03, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation of SED Comrade Lamberz with Cuban Ambassador to Ethiopia, Comrade Pepe, Addis Ababa

    The conversation focuses on outside support of the situation in the Horn of Africa. Specifically Soviet, Cuban, and US support for the various countries and groups

  • March 09, 1978

    Minutes of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting, 9 March 1978 (excerpt)

    The minutes focus on a meeting at which the Politburo is discussing a request by Siad Barre (leader of Somalia) to mediate the ongoing war with Ethiopia

  • April 03, 1978

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Background Report on Soviet-Ethiopian Relations

    The report covers all aspect of relations between Ethiopia and the Soviet Union from 1974 onwards. It focuses on forms of cooperation and support for the country during its war with Somalia

  • April 03, 1978

    Soviet Foreign Ministry and CPSU CC International Department Background Report on the Somali-Ethiopian Conflict

    The report provides a general background regarding the war between Somalia and Ethiopia. It covers all aspects of the conflict including outside support for both countries from the Soviet Union, Cuba, and the United States.

  • April 04, 1978

    Memorandum on Soviet Reaction to Libyan Proposal on Somali-Ethiopian Conflict

    A memo prepared by the SED on a Libyan proposal for a political settlement of the Somali-Ethiopian war

  • June 19, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between Grabowski and Sinitsin in Moscow

    Describes a conversation that covers a speech Mengistu gave on June 14 and also a general discussion of the Horn of Africa. It focuses on international support to the different parties involved

  • July 11, 1978

    Political Letter of Soviet Ambassador to the United States Anatoly F. Dobrynin