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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 01, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Existence of Diplomatic Relations Between Afro-Asian Conference Participant Countries and the Jiang Bandits'

    The note details whether the participating countries in the Asian-African Conference have diplomatic relations with Taiwan.

  • February 23, 1955

    Cable from Huan Xiang, 'Indian Premier Nehru’s View on Resolving the Taiwan Issue'

  • February 25, 1955

    Abstract of Conversation: Chinese Premier Zhou receives Trevelyan

    Zhou Enlai and Trevelyan debated on the nature of the Manila Treaty and its implications for the Geneva Agreement.They also discussed the issue of the Dai Autonomous Region between China and Thailand and the legal status of Taiwan.

  • March 20, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen and Peng Di, 'Regarding Journalists of the Jiang Clique Applying to Report on the Afro-Asian Conference'

    Telegram inquiring the Chinese Foreign Ministry about how to react on journalists from Taiwan registered for reporting the Asian-African Conference. The Foreign Ministry responded that the Chinese embassy in Indonesia should only inform the Asian-African Conference Secretariat to pay attention to the journalist from the Central News Agency of Taiwan.

  • April 09, 1955

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Beware of Enemy Sabotage'

    Chinese report on a Taiwanese plan to assassinate the head of the PRC delegation to the Afro-Asian Conference when they passed through Hong Kong.

  • April 10, 1955

    Minutes of the Meeting between Zhang Yue and Sir John Addis

    Zhang Yue informed Interim Charge d’affaires of Hong Kong Sir John Addis of the Taiwanese plan to assassinate the Chinese journalist delegate to the Asian-African Conference when they passed through Hong Kong and asked the Hong Kong authorities to pay attention to this matter.

  • April 24, 1955

    Speech by Premier Zhou Enlai at the Closing Session of the Asian-African Conference

    Premier Zhou praises the delegates at the Bandung Conference for their work in opposing colonialism, safeguarding world peace, and promoting friendly cooperation among African and Asian countries, while beseeching them to join China in working towards the peaceful unification of Korea and eliminating the tension in the Taiwan area.

  • April 28, 1955

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Reference Document No.1

    Chinese Reference Document No. 1 which includes the following articles: Ike says to correspondents that the USA is willing to hold direct negotiations with New China Britain wishes to be a loyal mediator between New China and the USA Burmese newspapers’ comments on Taiwan issue Nehru, Nasir and others speak to correspondents in Calcutta Menzies’s comments on Zhou Enlai’s proposal Kotalawela’s comment on the Asian-African Conference USA and Red China Bright prospect Bright prospect The Five States of the Colombo Conference and the USA Comments of the prime ministers of India, Pakistan and Egypt on the Asian-African Conference The Bandung Conference The Five States of the Colombo Conference and the USA. Allen’s comments on the Asian-African Conference Pakistan and Egypt on the Asian-African Conference

  • May 26, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and British Charge d'Affaires Humphrey Trevelyan

    Zhou briefed Trevelyan about China’s position in Taiwan issue that was produced in a document produced by PRC National People’s Congress Standing Committee in response to Britain’s request.

  • May 27, 1955

    Summary of the Views of Afro-Asian Countries on the Taiwan Issue at the Afro-Asian Conference

    The People's Republic of China maintains that the Taiwan issue was an internal issue of China, and it was the US who created tension by invading and occupying Taiwan.

  • July 18, 1955

    Plan for the Sino-US Ambassadorial Talks in Geneva

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry outlines objectives and strategies for negotiating with the United States.

  • August 04, 1955

    Letters from Kazak Refugees in Turkey to Yolbars Khan

    Refugees from Xinjiang, writing from Turkey, ask for Yolbars Khan for assistance.

  • November 05, 1955

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and the Newly Appointed Indian Ambassador to China Ratan Kumar Nehru

    Zhou Enlai and the newly appointed Indian Ambassador discuss Nehru's health, the next Asian-African Conference, the Sino-American talks on Taiwan, the Macau issue, and the ambassador's previous experience in China.

  • January 09, 1956

    Report No. 70 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on Philippines' concern on China, especially regarding Formosa. He also reports on President Magsaysay's appointment of economic advisors and government officials.

  • February 06, 1956

    Zhou Enlai’s Brief Statement to British Chargé d'affaires ad interim Con O’Neill Regarding the Princess of Kashmir Investigation

    Zhou Enlai welcomed the British confirmation that the explosion of the aircraft "The Princess of Kashmir" was a sabotage plot by Taiwanese agents. He went on, however, to criticize how the British and the Hong Kong administration handled the case. The latter released some Taiwanese agents whom Beijing held to be related to the murder case, used a person suspected by the PRC to be a Taiwanese agent in the investigation, and escorted several Taiwanese agents out of its border to Taiwan.

  • May 31, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation from Premier Zhou Enlai's Reception of Ambassador R.K. Nehru

    Premier Zhou Enlai and Ambassador Nehru discuss the Korean ceasefire, the role of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Committee, the Sino-American ambassadorial talks, and the situation in Indochina.

  • July 16, 1956

    Report and Recommendations by Yolbars Khan on Uighur and Kazak Refugees in the Middle East

    Yolbars Khan reports on the conditions of refugees from Xiniiang in Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Kashmir, and Pakistan, including the rival groups led by Isa Yusuf Alptekin and Emin Bugra.

  • August 09, 1956

    Note to the British Representative to China regarding the "Kashmir Princess" Aircraft Incident

    Zhou Enlai expressed the dissatisfaction about the release of the detainees by the government of Hong Kong. He emphasized that before the case was resolved, the government of Hong Kong had the responsibility to investigate the incident and to report to the Chinese government.

  • October 14, 1956

    Notes of an Interview with Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai describes China's desire to gain international recognition. However, the question of Taiwan as one out of "Two Chinas" makes it difficult to agree internationally, since Great Britain and the United States recognize Taiwan and not PR China as the legitimate Chinese government. Hong Kong and the US endeavor to gain control of Chiang Kai-Shek's Taiwan are also discussed.

  • October 19, 1956

    Briefing on the Visit to China of Pakistani Prime Minister Suhrawardy (No. 3)

    The premiers of Pakistan and China convene to discuss Taiwan, Pakistani-Chinese relations, Mao's leadership, and the Muslim population in China, among other issues.