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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 19, 1950

    Telegram Shtykov to Vyshinsky on a Luncheon at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK

    Shtykov reports a meeting with Kim Il Sung, along with Chinese and Korean delegates. Kim Il Sung expresses his view on the prospect of a liberation of the South Korean people that is to follow the Chinese success in liberation. Kim expresses his view that the South Koreans support his cause for reunification which the South Korean government does not seem to purse, and that he desires to ask Stalin for permission on an offensive action on South Korea.

  • January 22, 1950

    Cable, Liu Shaoqi to Chairman Mao [Zedong]

    Liu Shaoqi reports to Mao Zedong that the ethnic Korean officers have arrived to bring back the ethnic Koreans to Korea. To the request of the North Korean officers in bringing back the weapons ethnic Korean officers had used, Mao responds in the affirmative.

  • March 07, 1950

    Cable from Wen Shizhen to Zhou Enlai, 'On the Issue of Wen Shizhen's Family Returning to China'

    Wen Shizhen writes to Premier Zhou Enlai about his family returning to China from North Korea.

  • March 21, 1950

    Oral Message from Choe Yeong, Charge d'Affaires, North Korean Embassy

    Choe Yeong informs the Chinese Foreign Ministry of the upcoming birthday of Pak Heon-yeong, Foreign Minister of the DPRK.

  • April 08, 1950

    School Regulation for Chinese Junior High Schools

  • April 10, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Soviet Representative Aleksei Ignatieff in Pyongyang to Vyshinsky

    In a discussion between Mao Zedong and Ri Ju-yeon, Mao expresses a positive attitude toward China-North Korea relations, though indicates he is unaware that Kim Il Sung was then in the Soviet Union.

  • May 06, 1950

    Report, Hungarian Foreign Ministry to the Embassy of Hungary in North Korea (Excerpt)

    The Hungarian Ambassador to North Korea detailing the behavior of the North Korean delegation at the April 4, 1950 celebrations held in Budapest.

  • May 12, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov reports of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, in which Kim Il Sung tells Shtykov the questions he means to ask Mao Zedong in a following meeting in Beijing the next day.

  • May 13, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Roshchin to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    The telegram relays a request from Mao, conveyed via Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai, seeking Stalin’s “personal clarifications” of his stand on a potential North Korean action to reunify the country. Mao sought the information after hearing a report from Kim, who had arrived that day in the Chinese capital for a secret two-day visit and clearly claimed that he had received Stalin’s blessing.

  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Roshchin to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.

  • May 16, 1950

    Telegram, Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via the Soviet ambassador

    Stalin notifies Mao Zedong that he believes the signing of a treaty pact between China and North Korea should only come after Korean reunification.

  • June 30, 1950

    Cable No. 21340, Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao asks Stalin to make sure that Kim Il Sung knows that he must agree to conduct negotiations to cease hostilities, and to decide the time, place, and number of participants for these negotiations. Mao continues to give his advice as to what the best place and time would be for these negotiations (place, on the 38th parallel; and time, 15 July, 1950).

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3172, Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3231, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador Roshchin

    Telegram from Stalin to Beijing advising that they send a representative to Korea.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai detailing his response to the English protest concerning "the Korean question." Also, a request for confirmation of Chinese troop movements to the Sino-Korea border, in case of a repulse of North Korean forces. Finally, a confirmation of the plans to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jets, to be followed by the transfer of the jets to Chinese possession.

  • July 18, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Gao Gang

    The Chinese attempt to mobilize the ethnic Koreans living in northeast China to return and serve North Korea in the war.

  • August 23, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    North Korea requests train locomotives and air force pilots from China, to which China agrees to the train locomotives.

  • September 20, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    China approves of Kim Il Sung's idea of fighting a protracted war, and gives advice on military strategies that will make a protracted war possible.

  • September 20, 1950

    Cable, Gromyko to the Soviet Ambassador, Peking

    Cable explaining that China and the Soviet Union are getting incomplete information from North Korea. Also discussing how North Korea is doing militarily and China's admission into the UN.

  • September 22, 1950

    Information about the North Korean Workers Party Central Committee Meeting

    Heo Gai discusses the possibilities of North Korea's turning to the Soviet Union and China for military support.