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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 05, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher (at the Airport and on the way to the Embassy), London

    M.S. Gorbachev and Margaret Thatcher discuss global geopolitical issues, particularly growing terrorist organizations across Africa.

  • May 19, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo, excerpt from Protocol #159/20, 19 May 1989

    This memo concerns military aid to Afghanistan for May-June 1989.

  • July 22, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo with Excerpt from Protocol #163/44, 22 July 1989

    The protocol deals with the further arming of Afghanistan and the training of Afghan servicemen in the USSR.

  • November 05, 1989

    Letter from Afghan President Najibullah to CPSU General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev (Excerpt)

    Najibullah requests for technical aid and additional supplies from the USSR to support the war in Afghanistan.

  • December 11, 1989

    Letter from CPSU General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev to Afghan Government

    Gorbachev discusses the necessity of intra-Afghan peace talks. At the same time, the Soviet Union will provide military assistance, weapons, and aircraft to Afghanistan to retaliate against opposition.

  • March 21, 1990

    Letter from Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR, M. Moiseyev to L.H. Zaikov, 21 March 1990.

    The letter concerns Afghanistan and arms sales.

  • June 23, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 23 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 23 June 1990 describes the latest developments in USSR, Yugoslavia, Palestine, West Germany and South Africa.

  • April, 2004

    KGB Active Measures in Southwest Asia in 1980-82

    Materials provided by former KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin to CWIHP, following the publication of the Working Paper No. 40, "The KGB in Afghanistan." As with all Mitrokhin’s notes, his compilation on Soviet “active measures” in South and Southwest Asia is based on other smuggled-out notes and was prepared especially for CWIHP. Please read the Notes on Sources for information on the nature and limitations of these documents.