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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 05, 1961

    Ministry of the Interior Bulletin on Anti-Bulgarian Activity of Greece and Turkey

    The Ministry of Internal Affairs reports its intelligence findings on the military cooperation between the US, Greece and Turkey.

  • April 05, 1962

    Information from a Bulgarian Secretariat Commission on the Results of the Investigation Regarding the Regime at the Lovech’ Labor Camp

    Commission’s findings confirm the allegations of prisoner abuse in the two major labor camp sites – Lovech (for male detainees) and Skravena (for female detainees). The report concludes that camp living conditions and the physical abuse of detainees constitute a divergence from the party policy on combating crime. The report further recommends that the two labor camps be closed down and that the former leadership of the Ministry of the Internal Affairs take full responsibility for the negative consequences of camps’ existence.

  • December 14, 1962

    Bulgarian Minister of Internal Affairs to Deputy Minister of Defense, Information Report on Military Actions in West Germany during Cuban Missile Crisis (excerpt)

    Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, General Diko Dikov, the Minister of Internal Affairs, drafted a report for General Semerdzhiev covering military movements inside West Germany(Federal Republic of Germany). Dikov includes a brief description of NATO and English military mobilization along with civilian preparations influenced by propaganda during the crisis.

  • February 09, 1963

    Proposal of the Minister of the Interior D. Dikov to Bulgarian Secretariat on Exchange of Arrested Agents between Bulgaria and Greece

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Diko Dikov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat for the proposed exchange of captured intelligence operatives between Greece and Bulgaria.

  • July 05, 1963

    Bulgarian Ministry of Internal Affairs, Information Report on NATO

    On 5 July 1963 the Bulgarian Ministry of Internal Affairs completed an information report on NATO's activity during the Cuban Missile Crisis. In the report, the ministry outlines detailed espionage carried out by NATO agents. According to the report, the NATO Military Intelligence Services provided instructions for NATO member-states' military attaches stationed in Warsaw Pact countries and agents they could get to cooperate with them. Agents were to observe and report specific military intelligence collecting in Warsaw Pact countries -- arms deliveries, missile sites, military movements, etc. The report also includes explanation of how the attaches carried out their intelligence gathering -- reading official press, speaking in Russian and misrepresenting themselves as Russian, etc . The Bulgarian Interior Ministry notes that Western governments were well-informed of Bulgarian military structures -- including exact formations and secret designations.

  • April 05, 1965

    Resolution B-6 of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Regarding Prevention of Western Spying on Communication Channels

    Decision Memorandum of the CC BCP Politburo authorizing the Council of Ministers to take all necessary steps to prevent wiretapping party officials’ phone lines by foreign intelligence services.

  • July 06, 1965

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on the Separation of State Security from the Ministry of the Internal Affairs

    The restructuring in the BCP CC and the establishment of the State Security Committee to the Council of Ministers.

  • November 17, 1965

    A Proposal from Bulgarian State Security Chairman A. Solakov to the Secretariat on Recruitment of Foreign Students in Bulgaria

    The State Security Committee chair, Angel Solakov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat to recruit foreign nationals, residing in Bulgaria as university students and military academy cadets.

  • July 06, 1967

    Information on Meetings in Sofia with Stasi Chiefs Emilius and M. Wolf

    Includes a detailed description of the organizational structure of the Stasi.

  • February 19, 1973

    Information from Bulgaria on the Dismissal of Charges Against Army Officers for Anti-Party and Anti-State Activity

    Information regarding the reaction of a group of 16 Bulgarian Armed Forces officers, discharged for “anti-party and anti-state activity”. Some of them were rehabilitated with a CC BCP Secretariat Resolution “B-9” on October 13, 1972. The BCP CC’s Military Department recommends that the State Security Committee’s Sixth Directorate continue monitoring the group. KDS should also brief regularly the BCP CC about the behavior of those former officers who have not yet been rehabilitated. While those with favorable disposition towards the Party line should be recommended for future rehabilitation, others who are still standing on “anti-party” positions must be warned in the course.

  • 1985

    Correspondence between Bulgarian State Security and Stasi, 'The Bulgarian Connection' in the Assassination Attempt against John Paul II

    Documents from the Stasi archives on the anti-Bulgarian campaign surrounding the investigation of the assassination attempt.

  • March 10, 1985

    Excerpts from the Indictment of Mehmet Ali Agca

    Conclusions of the Investigation Case #179/1982 against Mehmet Ali Agca. The indictment contains details of the Bulgarian investigation of the assassination attempt against John Paul II.

  • February 09, 1987

    Weekly Bulgarian State Security Review

    Based on intelligence sources, the Minister of Internal Affairs Dimitar Stoyanov reports on domestic political developments. Among the issues covered in the memo are the domestic repercussions of the January 1987 Plenary Session of the CPSU Central Committee, as well as the Western allegations of human rights violations in regard to Bulgaria’s policy toward the Turkish ethnic minority.

  • April 24, 1987

    Information from D. Stoyanov to M. Balev on Propaganda Against People's Republic of Bulgaria

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov, reports on the coverage in the Western media of the alleged repressions against six Bulgarian dissidents who sent an open letter to the 1986 CSCE Meeting in Vienna. The letter claimed that Bulgaria does not comply fully with the Helsinki Accords on Human Rights of 1975. The Minister reports that although some measures have been taken to neutralize the activities of this particular dissident group, the official investigation has been suspended as there was a risk of further tarnishing Bulgaria’s image abroad.

  • October 13, 1987

    Information from D. Stoyanov to G. Yordanov on Discontent Among Sofia University Employers and Professors

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov, informs the Education Minister, Georgi Yordanov, about intelligence reports regarding the rise of discontent among professors, employees and students at the University of Sofia.

  • June 20, 1988

    Weekly State Security Review from the Ministry of the Interior to T. Zhivkov

    The Minister of the Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov, briefs Todor Zhivkov on the weekly domestic developments. Among the most pressing issues is the ongoing popular discontent in Ruse triggered by the unresolved problems with industrial pollution in the city. Another issue is the opposition of the Turkish minority to the revival process.

  • December 16, 1989

    Bulgaria: Talks with Opposition Announced

    An analysis of Communist leaders' decision to host roundtable talks with dissident groups.

  • January 05, 1990

    Statement of Alexander Lilov, Bulgarian Politburo Member, at a Meeting with the Ministry of the Interior Leadership

    Alexander Lilov responds to criticism from the police academy cadets. In an open letter, the cadets, concerned with the softening assimilation policies towards the Turkish minority, claim that Turkish nationalism poses a threat to Bulgaria’s territorial integrity. Lilov dismisses the fears for secession of the predominantly Turkish regions from Bulgaria and reminds his audience that historically Bulgarian nationalism has also been a particularly destructive force.

  • June 27, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 27 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 27 June 1990 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Poland, Bulgaria, the European Community, Zambia, Iran and China.

  • July 28, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 28 July 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 28 July 1990 describes the latest developments in Persian Gulf, Liberia, Bulgaria, the Soviet Union, Poland, Papua New Guinea, China, Zaire, OPEC, Haiti and South Africa.