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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 24, 1979

    Memorandum of Conversation between Minister-counselor of the Soviet Embassy in Havana M. Manasov and Cuban Communist Party CC member Raul Valdes Vivo, 7 May 1979

    Memorandum of conversation between Minister-counselor of the Soviet Embassy in Havana M. Manasov and Cuban Communist Party CC member Raul Valdes Vivo where Vivo discusses plans for Soviet-Cuban cooperation on the Zimbabwe situation

  • July 29, 1979

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Robert Mugabe Conversation, Sofia

    Robert Mugabe - leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and future president of Zimbabwe - visits Bulgarian and meets with Todor Zhivkov. Mugabe discusses the progress of the conflict in Zimbabwe and requests Bulgarian military support for his forces. Zhivkov expresses concern about the division of the Zimbabwean forces into two separate and competing military groups and advises him to unite with Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU).

  • October, 1979

    SVR Guidelines for Zimbabwe-Rhodesia in the Light of the London Conference - Final Draft

    Republic of South Africa is determined to prevent a Marxist government from securing power in neighboring Zimbabwe-Rhodesia

  • October, 1979

    ZRGBS Report: Zimbabwe-Rhodesia (Z-R) Political Development

    Overview of political developments in Zimbabwe-Rodesia reporting hopeful optimism that a settlement can be reached in London. The structure of newly created governing bodies is announced. Additionally it states that the chances of Nkomo winning an election are slim, and that if Mugabe comes to power a clash between ZPRA and ZANLA forces is a strong possibility. If a settlement is not reached, Zimbabwe-Rhodesia will become even more heavily dependent on South Africa.

  • October, 1979

    SVR Guidelines in light of London Conference

    Guidelines spelling out what course of action the Republic of South Africa should pursue based on the different scenario's posed regarding future Zimbabwian-Rhodesian developments.

  • October 17, 1979

    Memorandum, The RSA (Republic of South Africa) Action as a Result of the Visit of Minister R.F. Botha to Britain

    Document outlining possibility that Britain will retake Rhodesia as a colony, and what ramifications such a move would have on South Africa and all the resources that state has invested in Rhodesia.

  • October 20, 1979

    Meeting between South African Prime Minister Botha and a Zimbabwe/Rhodesian Delegation led by Deputy Prime Minister

    Discussion of potential South African aid to Zimbabwe/Rhodesia to finance the fight against Marxists, in addition to the need by Z/R to have the sanctions currently levied against them lifted.

  • October 30, 1979

    Telegram, Visit of Mr. Els to Salisbury

    Telegram recalls conversation regarding the involvement of South Africa in any pre-election campaigning and clandestine operations in Rhodesia.

  • December 28, 1979

    Meeting of Prime Minister Botha and Bishop Muzorewa

    Discuss presence of South African forces and whether this issue could potential hurt Bishop Muzorewa in the upcoming election

  • December 31, 1979

    Telegram, From Salisbury, Priorite Secextern Pretoria, Funds Needed for Mawena

    Mawena needs extra funding to convince Karanga people that could be used against Mugabe in upcoming election. Great opportunity to act now because suspicion exists that Mugabe is responsible for the killing of Tongagara, a Karanga.

  • January 21, 1980

    Telegram, From Salisbury, Secextern Cape Town, Meeting with Nkomo about RSA Troops and Electoral outlook

    Overview of meeting with Nkomo and his concerns about the stationing of South African forces in Rhodesia, specifically Beit Bridge. An overview is then provided of the major black parties competing in the upcoming elections.

  • February, 1980

    Telegram, from Steward New York to Secextern FA, Kaapstad, Meeting with T Kangai, ZANU’s representative in New York

    T Kangai assures that ZANU has a majority support in Zimbabwe, and that if they form a majority government they will establish stability in the state. South Africa and White Rhodesian's have nothing to worry of a ZANU victory.

  • February 26, 1980

    Telegram, Personal for Secretary, Group Evaluation of Rhodesian Situation

    Analysis claiming that Bishop will gain majority of votes in the election. Discuss possibility of coup d'etat by security forces should Mugabe win majority of votes.