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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 20, 1967

    US Embassy Bonn Telegram 12582 to State Department, 'NPT—Duration,' partly garbled transmission

    A message from the Bonn embassy highlighted an issue that had been raised by West German diplomats and which Ambassador McGhee correctly believed represented thinking at the top: Chancellor Kiesinger’s objection to an NPT “of unlimited duration.”

  • April 21, 1967

    'The President’s Trip to Germany (Chancellor Adenauer's Funeral), April 1967, Background Paper, The Non-Proliferation Treaty and Germany'

    This document detailed West German suggestions which Washington incorporated into the NPT draft.The cover memorandum reviewed the sources of West German discontent with the NPT.

  • April 26, 1967

    Memorandum of Conversation between Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Foreign Minister Willie Brandt, 'Non-Proliferation Treaty'

    During this meeting, Brandt and Rusk discussed the French attitude toward a West German signature on the NPT, thew problem of "duration", and suggestions for mitigating the West German concerns. Brandt said that De Gaulle “expected” Bonn to sign but if that de Gaulle was asked for advice, he would recommend that Germany not sign.

  • April 26, 1967

    Memorandum of Conversation between President Johnson and Chancellor Kiesinger

    In this conversation, Johnson and Kiesinger discussed the state of U.S.-German relations, Johnson’s irritation with German critical press coverage and public opinion, Kiesinger’s worries about the NPT and the withdrawal of U.S. forces, Johnson’s concern about the high costs of keeping troops in Western Europe, and U.S. interest in a “different relationship with the Soviet Union.”

  • May 10, 1967

    Memorandum of Conversation between Secretary of State Dean Rusk and State Secretary Baron Guttenberg, 'German Views on NPT and NATO'

    This conversation between Rusk and Baron Guttenberg, a top official on Kiesinger’s staff and the CDU foreign policy spokesperson, demonstrated that accepting Bonn’s suggestions for the NPT draft had not made it more acceptable to the West Germans. Guttenberg emphasized the importance of a limited duration clause and the need for the Soviet Union to make a “counter-concession” in exchange for a West German signature on an NPT.

  • October 06, 1967

    State Department Telegram 50379 to US Embassy Bonn, 'NPT'

    In this meeting with Deputy Under Secretary Eugene Rostow, West German Embassy official Georg Lilienfeld listed desiderata, including a limited y duration, assurances against Soviet blackmail, acceptable language for the safeguards article, “more balanced rights and obligations,” and non-recognition of the German Democratic Republic.

  • January 23, 1968

    US Embassy Bonn Telegram 7557 to State Department, 'FRG Defense Council Meeting on NPT'

    This telegram detailed an FRG Defense Council Meeting on the NPT. While recognizing that the agreement on Article III was “progress,” Kiesinger continued to criticize the treaty’s “inflexibility,” which he saw as a danger to West Germany’s “longer term” security interests. Kiesinger, however, professed willingness to consider signing the Treaty, even to be an early signer, if Washington could comply with a few basic “requests,” such as “safeguards against Soviet pressure” and some improvements in Article III.

  • July 26, 1968

    US Embassy Bonn Telegram 14922 to State Department, 'Eppler on NPT'

    Erhard Eppler, a Social Democratic member of the Bundestag, gave embassy staffers his perspective on the political status of the NPT. Highly critical of Kiesinger for his “hold-back tactics” on signing and ratification, Eppler believed that the longer the delay the more likely that the treaty “would become entangled in election campaign politics.”

  • November 27, 1968

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'Prospects for the Nonproliferation Treaty'

    According to this CIA evaluation, the West German governing coalition was so divided and so antagonistic to the Soviet Union in light of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia on 20 August that action was “unlikely for the time being.”

  • November 05, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation between Secretary of State William P. Rogers and Ambassador Helmut Roth, 'US-FRG Consultations on NPT,' with memorandum attached

    During these consultations on the NPT, the chief West German official, Helmut Roth, Chief of the Foreign Office’s Disarmament Section, reviewed the progress of the talks with Secretary of State Rogers. Roth emphasized the importance of the “reaffirmation” of US security commitments “at a time when [the Federal Republic] was signing a renunciation of nuclear weapons for its own defense.”

  • November 28, 1969

    State Department Telegram 199360 to US Embassy Bonn, 'FRG and Swiss NPT Signatures'

    On 28 November 1969, West German Ambassador to the United States Rolf Pauls signed the NPT at the State Department and delivered a statement and a detailed note. At the signing Secretary Rogers spoke about the treaty’s value, the “historic” importance of the West German signature, the U.S. understanding that the UN Charter “confers no right to intervene by force unilaterally in the Federal Republic of Germany,” and a reaffirmation of U.S. security guarantees to NATO and the Federal Republic.

  • November 26, 1969

    US Embassy Bonn Telegram 15293, 'NPT – Text of FRG Note on NPT Signature'

    This telegram detailed the conditions under which the West German's would ratify the NPT, which depended on the results of EURATOM-IAEA safeguards negotiations.

  • June 13, 1958

    Letter, Akhtar Hussein to Comrade Mukhitdinov

    Ambassador Akhtar Hussein reports on his visit to Uzbekistan and other republics.

  • March 25, 1959

    Letter from B.G. Gafurov to CC CPSU regarding a Meeting for the Fourth Anniversary of the Bandung Conference

    Request to the CC CPSU to hold a conference honoring the anniversary of the Bandung Confernece.

  • June 14, 1962

    Letter, X. Rakhmatualleva to the Union of Writers of Tajikistan

    The Tajik Society of Friendship and Cultural Ties with Foreign Countries wishes to send delegations to several countries in Africa.

  • December 01, 1965

    Record of a Meeting of the Social Sciences Section of the USSR Academy of Sciences on the Current Problems of the Development of Social Sciences in Kazakhstan and the Central Asian Republics (Excerpt)

    Aminov of the Tashkent Institute of Economics recounts an economics seminar on Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

  • August 18, 1960

    Note by CSMD on IRBM

    Brief Analysis by CSMD on political-military aspects of IRBM and Polaris

  • November 09, 1964

    MAE Report on MLF

    MAE Analysis on MLF composition, procedures and issue of european clause. The report includes analyses of the positions of several NATO members.

  • July 11, 1960

    Letter from MAE to GA on Polaris Issue

    Note for MD Andreotti concerning deployment of Polaris on Italian ships

  • December 16, 1963

    Minute of Meeting between GA and McNamara

    Discussion between Andreotti and McNamara concerning the political aspects of the MLF