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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 14, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'The Current Political Situation in Poland; Polish Ministry of Defense Plans for the Possible Introduction of Martial Law'

    Translated report discusses how the increased presence of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) warrants the introduction of martial law. However, it affirms that no formal steps to introducing martial law have been taken.

  • August 18, 1981

    Telegram from Czechoslovak Embassy in Addis Ababa

    Prague’s representation to Addis Ababa offers an insight into the Soviet Union’s economic assistance toward Ethiopia in the early 1980s, while voicing, at the same time, the Soviet economic delegation’s nuanced and candid impression of Mengistu’s abilities to control the course of the revolutionary transformations.

  • August 20, 1981

    Acting Special Assistant for Nuclear Proliferation Intelligence, National Foreign Assessment Center, to Director and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 'Warning Report-Nuclear Proliferation'

    In response to an IAEA report that Pakistan diverted plutonium from the Karachi nuclear power plant, a CIA analysis suggests that the Pakistanis “were not overly concerned” about these events. Of greater concern to regional security and stability was the discussions of the sale of F-16 fighter-bombers as part of a U.S. aid package to ensure Pakistan’s cooperation in the covert efforts against Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • August 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a document the Polish government intended to circulate should martial law be announced.

  • August 22, 1981

    Notes from Brezhnev's Meeting with Stanislaw Kania and Wojciech Jaruzelski, 14 August 1981

    In this meeting, Brezhnev expresses anxiety about Poland's path, especially since it has deteriorated since Congress when it was expected to improve. Kania says that the political crisis can be overcome and that theyare seizing the initiative. Brezhnev insists that they will soon face off with the enemy, and there is still the opportunity to mobilize and rebuff the counterrevolution. Brezhnev concludes that large scale political action is the most feasible way to turn Poland to socialism.

  • August 25, 1981

    Memorandum from [Redacted] to the Director of Central Intelligence, 'Martial Law in Poland'

    Memorandum outlining Poland's martial law plan, whether it could work, and the attitudes of Polish leadership.

  • September 01, 1981

    A Report by Soviet Military Intelligence

    Soviet Military Intelligence assess the equipment provided to Afghan counterrevolutionaries by the US, Britian, Egypt, and Pakistan.

  • September 04, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation from a Defense Committee chaired by General Jaruzelski addressing the rising threat of Solidarnosc and other threats to national security.

  • September 09, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'New Draft Decree on Martial Law; Current Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum explains of a newly drafted decree of martial law, and increasing tensions between military leadership and Solidarnosc.

  • September 10, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 10 September 1981 (excerpt)

    The Soviet Politburo discusses dissent within Poland and the loss of power of the communist party in Poland.

  • September 11, 1981

    PGU Information on the Anti-Socialist Campaign in the West After the Assassination Attempt Against John Paul II

  • September 11, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Current Plans for the Introduction of Martial Law in Poland'

    Explains that if Solidarnosc leads a general strike or provokes a confrontation, it will be met with the implementation of martial law.

  • September 13, 1981

    Protocol No. 002/81 of the Meeting of the Committee for the Defense of the Homeland

    Meeting of the Committee for the Defense of the Homeland on the implementation of martial law in Poland. Committee members discuss where to increase militarization to be prepared for martial law, and how best to protect martial law through propaganda.

  • September 15, 1981

    Report on the Imposition of Martial Law

    "Jack Strong" [Ryszard Kuklinski] reports that at a recent KOK session, no final decision was made about the imposition of martial law, though almost all participants were in support. A unified plan of command for the surprise introduction of martial law is discussed, as a secondary plan to be implemented after political means were unable to repress the counterrevolution.

  • September 15, 1981

    Transcript of Brezhnev's Phone Conversation with Kania, 15 September 1981

    Brezhnev worries the Polish Solidarity movement will undermine communist authority in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe.

  • September 17, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 17 September 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev informs the Politburo about his conversation with Cde. Kania of Poland on 11 September, 1981. He suggests applying strong pressure to Kania to put down the uprising.

  • September 18, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Agenda for the Meeting of the National Defense Committee on 14 September; Current Positions of the Political and Military Leadership...'

    Translated agenda of the National Defense Committee meeting from September 14th, as well as outline the positions of military and government officials on the implementation of martial law.

  • September 25, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation about a meeting of the National Defense Committee where they discuss several ways to implement martial law, and consider asking for assistance from the USSR or other Warsaw Pact states.

  • September 28, 1981

    Memo on discussions by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, with the French President, Mitterrand, on 25 September 1981

    Description of discussions between Brandt and Mitterrand on European security and strategic balance between the East and West. Topics covered include France's nuclear forces and INF negotiations.

  • September 30, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of both the decree and rationale for martial law. It elaborates on the various duties of citizens as well as new restrictions on freedom.