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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 13, 1984

    Presidium of the Moldavian Academy of Sciences, No. 178/02, 'Decision Regarding the Counteracting of the Falsifications of Romanian Sociologists'

    The Moldavian Academy of Sciences reports on its decisions to counteract Romanian propaganda which contained "interpretations of a nationalist spirit appear, [as well as] misrepresentations of a series of key-problems tied to the history of Romania, to Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian relations, to the falsification of the so-called 'Bessarabian question,' to the history of the liberation of Romania by the Soviet Army, etc."

  • November 14, 1984

    Protocol resulting from discussions between the Interior Ministry of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the KGB of the Soviet Union

    Both parties discuss the detection of and preparation for a surprise nuclear rocket attack by the USA on socialist countries, the intentions of the main hostile countries- the USA, other NATO countries, the People’s Republic of China- and cooperation to fight ideological diversion from hostile countries and emigrant populations. The two also agree to economic, tourism and cultural exchanges.

  • December 05, 1984

    Visit by the General Secretary of the Democratic Party of Kurdistan/Iraq to East Germany

    In late 1984, Kurdish Democratic Party leader Massoud Barzani and a group of colleagues travel to Europe with false Syrian passports in order to win the favor of the socialist countries and whoever else in Europe who will recognize them.

  • December 22, 1984

    Report on the negotiations of Hungarian Deputy Foreign Minister Róbert Garai in Iraq between 11 and 13 December 1984

    This report on the negotiations between the Hungarian deputy foreign minister and top Iraqi politicians in Baghdad in 1984 shows Iraqi tensions with Iran and concern about USSR military aid to Iran.

  • January 01, 1985

    Letter by Ambassador in Moscow Sergio Romano to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italian Ambassador to Moscow, Sergio Romano, writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti to dicuss the topic of the Soviet attitude towards the SDI, and the unsuccessful efforts by the Soviets to pursue a similar defense system. Even though SDI is no longer a hindrance to superpower dialogue, it would be a mistake to assume that the USSR has given up the battle against the overall missile defense system.

  • January 01, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European participation to the Strategic Defense Initiative. Political implications'

    The report seeks to assess the possible strategic and political implications if Europe decides to join the SDI. It is difficult to predict the reaction of the Soviet Union, but ramifications for East-West relations cannot be ignored.

  • 1985

    Correspondence between Bulgarian State Security and Stasi, 'The Bulgarian Connection' in the Assassination Attempt against John Paul II

    Documents from the Stasi archives on the anti-Bulgarian campaign surrounding the investigation of the assassination attempt.

  • 1985

    Report of a Representative of the USSR Chief of Armed Forces Communications, Developing Modern Communication Systems

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations by the leadership of the Combined Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact on the issue of improving allied communications systems and equipment. The writer warns that the alliance's communications technology has not kept up with the demands of modern military command and control systems, emphasizing the importance of rapid combat readiness and survivability; the complexity of modern technical systems and equipment; the imperative of maintaining secrecy; and the significance of efficient transmission of information. By integrating advanced technologies within the existing military infrastructure, it is argued, the Warsaw Pact forces will be better equipped to meet these challenges. Suggestions include standardizing equipment across the military, adopting digital formats of information, automating communications, developing technologies immune to the environmental consequences of nuclear explosions, and more.

  • 1985

    Return Address: Moscow, Issue 3

    Bulletin by the Group for Establishing Trust Between the USSR and the USA, an independent peace organization in the Soviet Union. Three issues were editor Sergei Batovrin and published from New York City. They contain news on the peace movement in the Soviet Union and the harassment and imprisonment of activists by the government.

  • January 04, 1985

    Information from Bulgarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Peter Mladenov to the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Bulgarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Peter Mladenov reports on North Korean Foreign Minister, Kim Yeong-nam's visit and discussion with Todor Zhivkov, concerning North Korea's "South-South" initiative for economic cooperation between developing countries.

  • January 25, 1985

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Review of China's foreign policy and its recent efforts to drive a wedge between the Soviet Union and other socialist countries.

  • March, 1985

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'The Libyan Nuclear Program: A Technical Perspective'

    For years, U.S. intelligence agencies did not take seriously Muammar Gaddafi’s efforts to develop a Libyan nuclear capability and this report provides early evidence of the perspective that the Libyan program “did not know what it was doing.” According to the CIA, the program’s “serious deficiencies,” including “poor leadership” and lack of both “coherent planning” and trained personnel made it “highly unlikely the Libyans will achieve a nuclear weapons capability within the next 10 years.” The Libyan effort was in such a “rudimentary stage” that they were trying to acquire any technology that would be relevant to producing plutonium or enriched uranium.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (11th February 1985). US and Soviet space programs'

    This note by the Italian Foreign Ministry provides an overview of issues to be discussed with Secretary General Lord Carrington during his visit to Rome. Of particular interest are the upcoming Geneva negotiations between the USSR and the US regarding SDI .

  • February 12, 1985

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the development of Iraqi-US relations since the restoration of diplomatic relations in 1985

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq states that re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Iraq and the US in November 1984 does not affect armament shipments to Iraq by the Eastern Bloc, and maintains that the United States views Iran as an ally.

  • February 15, 1985

    Ministry of State Security (Stasi), Order Number 1/85

    This order from the Ministry of State Security describes the tasks of the MfS units concerning efforts to uncover intentions of aggression and surprise military activities by western states and their allies, especially a surprise nuclear missile attack against the USSR.

  • February 18, 1985

    Note from a Working Meeting of the CC International Department Deputy Heads of Fraternal Parties of Socialist Countries

    The group discussed a CC CPSU study which contained an analysis and assessment of the PRC’s foreign policy and its domestic situation.

  • February 21, 1985

    Géza Kótai, 'Memorandum for Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Summary of an informal Interkit meeting to discuss China's foreign policy and tension with the Soviet Union.

  • February 25, 1985

    Proposal by Bulgarian Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Bulgarian Politburo on Bulgarian Relations with China

    In this proposal to the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP), Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov recommends an exchange between the directors of the Bulgarian and Chinese planning and development commissions in order to increase trade and economic relations between Bulgaria and China.

  • March 09, 1985

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Soviet Union and DPRK enter negotiations to build a nuclear power plant, and "practically reach a preliminary agreement." North Korea views the construction as being a means of increasing economic and political prestige.

  • March 10, 1985

    Excerpts from the Indictment of Mehmet Ali Agca

    Conclusions of the Investigation Case #179/1982 against Mehmet Ali Agca. The indictment contains details of the Bulgarian investigation of the assassination attempt against John Paul II.