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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 18, 1956

    Draft Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

  • September 18, 1956

    Conversation records between Chairman Mao Zedong and the Soviet Communist Party Delegation, 18 September 1956

    Mao Zedong and the Soviet Community Party Delegation exchanged views on Korean issues and a potential visit by Kim Il Sung to the PRC.

  • September 19, 1956

    Draft of Record of a Meeting between the Soviet and Chinese Delegations

    Mao Zedong reveals that several Korean Workers' Party members have been placed under arrest, including Pak Il-u, who is looked favorably upon by the CCP. Sino-North Korean relations have become strained as a result of Kim Il Sung's handling of the August incident. Mao admits to Mikoyan that the KWP leadership may not heed their advice, but they decide to send a joint delegation to Pyongyang the next morning.

  • September 19, 1956

    Czechoslovak Politburo Resolution on Plan to 'Counter the Czechoslovak Reactionary Exiles'

    This Czechoslovak Politburo Resolution of 1956 approved an Interior Ministry plan to counter “reactionary exiles.” Radio Free Europe was an important target, and a series of disinformation actions were planned to disrupt its operations.

  • September 19, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mao Zedong reveals that several Korean Workers' Party members have been placed under arrest, including Pak Il-u, who is looked favorably upon by the CCP. Sino-North Korean relations have become strained as a result of Kim Il Sung's handling of the August Plenun Incident. Mao admits to Mikoyan that the Korean Workers' Party leadership may not heed their advice, but they decide to send a joint delegation to Pyongyang the next morning.

  • September 19, 1956

    Memorandum from Lt. Gen. Zheleznikov, to the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia, Comrade P.V. Kovanov

    Report on border crossing by possible Turkish and American intelligence agents along the Soviet-Turkish border.

  • September 20, 1956

    Letter No. 18 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Secretary Byung Shik Sohn

    President Rhee briefly responds earlier report on APACL meeting in Saigon.

  • September 20, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Chung Whan Cho on the Suez Canal Crisis, PI-US military bases negotiations, and updates on Philippines' trading status with Germany and Japan.

  • September 20, 1956

    Report No. 95 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs Syngman Rhee on the visits of Dr. Robert Oliver and Senator Allen J. Ellender to Manila.

  • September 20, 1956

    Record of a Meeting between the Sino-Soviet Delegation and the Korean Workers' Party Presidium

    Both Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai strongly urge the KWP Presidium and Kim Il Sung to consider rehabilitating those involved in the August Plenum Incident. Choe Yong-geon suggests that they will be restored to the Central Committee, but not necessarily to their original positions, and certainly not to the Presidium. As for those who fled to China, both Choe and Kim say that they will be allowed to rejoin the party, but not the Central Committee and will not be guaranteed their old positions.

  • September 21, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

  • September 21, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    A meeting with Kim Il Sung reveals the main goals of the Sino-Soviet delegation: to convince the Korean Workers' Party to move away from policies of repression and to repeal the order to expel the group of accused party officials. Kim agrees on repealing the expulsion order, but not for those who fled to China. Mikoyan asks that Sino-Soviet delegation be allowed to sit in on the presidium meeting the next day.

  • September 21, 1956

    Report, UN Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, 'Note on the China-Burma Border Question'

    The Department of Political and Security Council Affairs provides an overview of the history and current status of the disputed China-Burma border.

  • September 22, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan stresses that the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee needs to repeal the decisions reached at the August Plenum, and instead consider rehabilitating the accused party officials. The Korean Workers' Party commission agrees that a less harsh punishment would eliminate discord within the party.

  • September 23, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Peng Dehuai tells Mikoyan that the Chinese Communist Party fully supports the denunciation of Stalin's personality cult, partly because after the Chinese revolution, Stalin insisted that the new government take an inclusive approach to opposition parties. Peng also discusses Mao Zedong's recent meeting with the Egyptian ambassador.

  • September 23, 1956

    Resolution of the Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party

    The Korean Workers' Party Central Committee decides to rehabilitate those accused of planning a conspiracy against Kim Il Sung.

  • September 23, 1956

    Minutes of the Meeting concerning the Discussion of a Draft Resolution of the KWP CC Plenum

    Record of a meeting attended by senior Soviet officials A.I. Mikoyan and V.I. Ivanov, Korean Workers' Party officials Kim Du-bong, Kim Chang-man, and Nam Il, and senior PRC official Peng Dehuai. Participants discuss making serious amendments to the draft resolution, in light of the August Plenum incident.

  • September 23, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan once again assures Kim Il Sung that the Sino-Soviet delegation's only motive in intervening is to help and advise the Korean Workers' Party. Kim vows to include the delegation's suggestions and the content of their discussions in the September Plenum. Mikoyan notes that Kim kept his promise at the plenary meeting that was held the next day.

  • September 23, 1956

    Untitled report about a Communist delegation's visit to Moscow

    Delegates from Damascus and Cairo visit Moscow to visit the Russian Labor Union and request support in the Canal cause, labor issues, and other policy areas.

  • September 23, 1956

    Minutes of the KWP CC Plenum Held on 23 September 1956

    The decision of the September Plenum is to rehabilitate the accused party members instead of removing them from the Korean Workers' Party. The session is attend by Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai.