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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 16, 1989

    Excerpts from Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Zhao Ziyang

    Zhao Ziyang and Gorbachev discuss political and economic changes ongoing in China.

  • May 16, 1989

    Excerpts from the Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping

    The Chinese version of the record of conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping. Deng provides a historical overview of China's relations with the Soviet Union and other countries.

  • May 16, 1989

    Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping (Excerpts)

    Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping discuss Sino-Soviet relations as well as relations with the United States.

  • May 17, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 17 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze notebook, covering May 17 of USSR trip to China to normalize relations. Notes a speech by Gorbachev at China's National People's Congress, before moving to the call to cancel a planned press conference because there are "200 thousand [students] around us...This is a revolution." Some press conference is then held, and Gorbachev's comments are summarized. The notes conclude with Gorbachev's comments on the student protesters.

  • May 17, 1989

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 17 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze diary entry, describing negotiations between China and a USSR delegation. The negotiations cover border issues, Soviet assistance in improving relations between India and Nepal, and Afghanistan, among other issues. Following the negotiations, Mamaladze describes protesters, "two hundred thousand strong," and notes that the movement has grown beyond just students.

  • May 18, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 18 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze notebook from May 18 of visit to China. Describes a dinner in Shanghai.

  • May 18, 1989

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 18 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze diary entry describing his time in Shanghai during negotiations to normalize Soviet-Chinese relations. Notes that Shanghai, like Beijing, "is in the power of the student strikers," and speculates that the student strike is "seemingly heated up by [the Soviet delegation's] visit."

  • May 18, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 18 May 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 18 May 1989 describes the latest developments in China, the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Panama, El salvador, Venezuela, West Germany, Bolivia, Poland, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Philippines.

  • May 19, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 19 May 1989

    Notes from Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, covering discussions between Deng Xiaoping, Zhao Ziyang, and Viktor Karpov. The Chinese side discusses Deng's role against the student unrest going on in China, and the punishment of protestors attempting to storm the building of the All Chinese Congress of People's Representatives.

  • May 23, 1989

    Information Note of Romanian Embassy from Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note of Romanian Embassy from Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the Chinese position on Gorbachev’s visit to China and the resumption of Sino-Soviet relations as indicative of future closer bilateral relations between the two countries

  • May 26, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the possible power struggle within the Chinese government and attitudes towards the demands of the students

  • May 29, 1989

    Statement of the Communist Party of Italy

    This document dated May 29, 1989, is a statement by the Italian Communist Party in which it expresses solidarity for Chinese students, workers and popular forces who are demanding greater democracy.

  • May 31, 1989

    Bulgarian Politburo Decision on Appointment of New Bulgarian Ambassador to China

    This document records a decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party to appoint Philip Markov as the new Bulgarian ambassador to China.

  • June 03, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the situation in Tiananmen Square and the return of students to classes

  • June 03, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the measures to be taken by the Chinese government as a result of the Tiananmen Square crisis and the possible direction in which China will move as a result

  • June 04, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 03:30 am

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the routing of demonstrators from Tiananmen Square

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 03:15 am

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the increased mobilization of tanks, armored trucks and paratroopers to clear the protest in Tiananmen Square, with the reported number of deaths and injuries

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 03:00 am

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the events in Beijing as troops attempted to reach Tiananmen Square to end the protest

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 04:15 am

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the return of several PRC officials who had been absent for a number of weeks

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 05:45 am

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the arrival of 25,000 soldies to Tiananmen Square and the removal of students from the Square