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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 27, 1982

    National Intelligence Estimate NIE 4-82, 'Nuclear Proliferation Trends Through 1987'

    This estimate seeks to analyze the actions of a series of countries, which in the course of 1982-1987 could affect U.S. interests. It analyzes countries with developing nuclear programs in different regions in the world (South Asia, East Asia, Near East, Latin America, and Africa) and their intentions and capabilities in terms of nuclear weapons.

  • July 29, 1982

    Untitled report from Stanisław Jewdoszuk, Polish Diplomat in Pyongyang

    Com. Jewdoszuk reports that, in connection with the succession issue, propaganda around Kim Jong Il is increasing.

  • August 30, 1982

    Note of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China dated 25 August 1982 to the Embassy of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam in China

    China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs complains that the Vietnamese military has continued to intrude into Chinese territory and to attack Chinese fishing vessels at sea.

  • September 24, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in Pakistan, Ciphered Telegram, 24 September 1982. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK relations.

    The status of relations between Pakistan and North Korea is discussed in this telegram. One point of concern between the two nations was how South Korea kept a consulate in Pakistan, which was about to be upgraded to the ambassadorial level. The Korean reunification question also was briefly discussed.

  • September 30, 1982

    Information about the Visit of Indira Gandhi to the USSR

    Description of meeting between Indira Gandhi and Soviet representatives. Both sides give similarly critical assessments of Pakistan policy on subcontinent, which both describe as destabilizing to the region. Soviets devote special time to the "dangerous character of military-political partnership between the United States and China," and Indira Gandhi expresses concerns over China's "machinations" against India, and notes the increasing influence of China and America on India's neighboring countries. Gandhi says that Indian-Chinese relations have not improved, due partly to China's position on the India-China border issue.

  • October 09, 1982

    Record of Prime Minister Suzuki’s Visit to China and Meetings

    Japan's Prime Minister meets with Deng Xiaoping, Hu Yaobang, and Zhao Ziyang for a series of meetings. The two sides discuss bilateral political and economic relations, developments in China's economic policies, Sino-Soviet and Sino-American relations, the situation on the Korean peninsula, the status of Hong Kong and Taiwan, the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, the Japanese textbook issue, and ther topics.

  • October 14, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Ciphered Telegram, 14 October 1982. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK relations.

    A commercial agreement signed between Pakistan and North Korea is discussed in this ciphered telegram.

  • October 17, 1982

    US Embassy Pakistan Cable 15696 to State Department, 'Pakistan Nuclear Issue: Meeting with General Zia'

    The U.S. Embassy in Pakistan reports to the State Department on a meeting between Ambassador General Vernon Walters and President Zia. Walters returned to Islamabad to warn Pakistani officials that U.S. aid was in “grave jeopardy” after a link between the Pakistani program and Chinese technology was discovered. A U.S. military aid package, which included F-16 fighter-bombers, was also discussed.

  • October 29, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in Pakistan, Ciphered Telegram, 29 October 1982. Subject: Pakistani-DPRK relations.

    Pakistani-North Korean relations are the subject of this telegram. Among the issues discussed was the stance of Pakistan and North Korea in the ongoing Soviet war in Afghanistan. In addition a new trade agreement was signed between the two nations.

  • November 08, 1982

    'Pakistan-US: Demarche on F-16 Equipment,' 11/8/82, with Memo from McMahon to Carlucci, 'Risk Assessment of the Sale of AN/ALR-69 Radar Warning Receiver to Pakistan,'1 1/8/82, and Excerpt from Natl Intel Est on Pakistan

    With delivery of U.S. F-16 fighter-bombers imminent, Pakistan threatens to refuse delivery unless the U.S. agrees to include the ALR-69 radar warning receiver for the aircraft. CIA analysts have concerns that including this sensitive radar technology in the delivery of the F-16s would enable China, a close military ally of Pakistan, to obtain and study the device.

  • November 16, 1982

    Information About Some Aspects of the Population Policy in the Capital of the DPRK, Pyongyang

    North Korea is reportedly expelling illegal residents from Pyongyang and overall seeks to manage the population of the capital so that it is "politically reliable."

  • November 17, 1982

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 17 November 1982. Subject: The visit of Pakistani President Zia ul-Haq in the DPRK.

    Sándor Etre offers an analysis of Pakistani President Zia ul-Haq's visit to the DPRK and North Korea's efforts to influence the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • November 19, 1982

    Henry S. Rowen, National Intelligence Council, to DDCI [Deputy Director of Central Intelligence McMahon], 19 November 1982, with attached memorandum from National Intelligence Council staffer [name excised], 'Pakistan'

    Despite the concerns about sharing the ALR-69 radar warning receiver with Pakistan for fear of it falling into Chinese hands, CIA officials argue that failure to meet Pakistani demands would lead to a “serious blow to U.S. worldwide nonproliferation efforts.”

  • 1983

    Bureau of Intelligence and Research, US Department of State, 'Pakistan: Security Planning and the Nuclear Option,' Report 83-AR

    A State Department assessment of Pakistan’s security situation, its nuclear program and the future of Pakistani planning. A range of subjects are covered in depth including, Pakistan’s perception of its security situation, major foreign policy dilemmas such as India and Afghanistan, the development of a “nuclear options” and American non-proliferation responses.

  • January 10, 1983

    Information About the Population Policy of the DPRK

    Reports suggest that North Korea is cracking down on illegal internal migration, although many young people are still living in Pyongyang without proper permits.

  • January 20, 1983

    Special National Intelligence Estimate, SNIE 13/32-83, 'Chinese Policy and Practices Regarding Sensitive Nuclear Transfers'

    With nuclear proliferation a policy priority for the Jimmy Carter administration, and Pakistan already a special concern, the possibility that China and Pakistan were sharing nuclear weapons-related information began was beginning to worry US government officials. These concerns did not go away during the Reagan administration. While nuclear proliferation was not a top priority, the administration was apprehensive about the implications of the spread of nuclear capabilities and that China may have been aiding and abetting some potential proliferators by selling unsafeguarded nuclear materials.

  • February 09, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in Indonesia, Ciphered Telegram, 9 February 1983. Subject: The visit of a DPRK deputy foreign minister in Indonesia.

    Inter-Korean relations is the topic of discussion in this ciphered telegram. North Korea is expecting Indonesian support in the Non-Aligned movement on the reunification issue. However, Indonesia maintained this was a domestic dispute and it had no place to oversee negotiations.

  • February 11, 1983

    Letter, Kyung-Won Kim to H.E. Ambassador O.A. Troyanovsky

    Ambassador Kim denounces North Korea for distorting the ROK-US defensive military exercise and contributing to the tension in Korean peninsula.

  • March 02, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in Mongolia, Report, 2 March 1983. Subject: Vietnamese views about North Korean policies.

    The report concerns Vietnamese relations with North Korea. Vietnam views the policies of the ruling North Korean party to be counter to the ideals of Marxism, and has provided for strained relations. Vietnam also believes North Korea to be conspiring with China against Vietnam. The question of the Non-Aligned Movement's objectives was also a topic for discussion.

  • March 05, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 5 March 1983. Subject: The DPRK’s activities before the 7th summit of the Non-Aligned Movement.

    Sándor Etre summarizes North Korea's diplomatic activity in the lead up to the 7th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement in New Delhi.