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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 16, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 9 p.m., Friday

    A report from Roberto de Oliveira Campos on how certain actions and diplomatic moves during the Cuban crisis have served to inflame international tensions on both sides.

  • November 16, 1962

    Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Preliminary Study of Consequences of Severing Relations with India'

    As per Zhou Enlai's request, the Chinese Foreign Ministry put together a preliminary study of the consequences of and how to respond to two contingencies: 1/India severed diplomatic relations with China and 2/India declared war on China

  • November 16, 1962

    Excerpt from Protocol No. 66 of Session of CC CPSU Presidium, 'Instructions to Comrade A. I. Mikoyan'

    Khrushchev explains his agreement with Kennedy to Ambassador Mikoyan, in which the Soviet Union promised to remove weapons from Cuba on the condition that the US will lift the quarantine and prevent further invasion or attacks on Cuba.

  • November 16, 1962

    Record of Conversation between Mikoyan and Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, Havana, 16 November 1962

    The conversation takes place soon after the IL-28 crisis, which gives Mikoyan a chance to patch up the relationship with trade agreements and promises of future aid and industrial cooperation. Near the end of the conversation, Guevara and Mikoyan discuss the theory of revolutionary struggle. Guevara shares his vision that “further development of the revolutions in Latin America must follow the line of simultaneous explosions in all countries.” Mikoyan cautions him, pointing to the Soviet experience and using the metaphor of the rebellion on the battleship “Potemkin.” Hinting at further disagreement ahead, he gently registers his disagreement with the Cuban leader’s drive to ignite revolution in the hemisphere.

  • November 17, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    Ruiz Solar discusses in a telegram U Thant's proposal regarding the Cuban crisis. Thant’s proposal mainly consists in establishing permanent inspection in Cuba by representatives of neutral countries chosen by the Cuban Government.

  • November 17, 1962

    Letter from Swiss Ambassador to Cuba (Stadelhofer) to the Secretary General of the Swiss Foreign Ministry (Micheli)

    Stadelhofer describes a short meeting with Fidel Castro. However, since the conversation took place at an event directly next to the table reserved for members of the government and since President Osvaldo Dorticós and Minister of Industries, Ernesto "Che" Guevara, were listening in, he had to refrain from addressing issues of importance.

  • November 18, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Foreign Minister A.A. Gromyko to A.I. Mikoyan

    Soviet refusal to join the Cubans in firing at American planes.

  • November 19, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Moscow (da Cunha), 6 p.m., Monday

    Da Cunha reports that the Soviet press (and government) has hidden from its readers the recent evolution of the Cuban problem/crisis.

  • November 19, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Belgrade, 12:30 p.m., Monday

    A brief analysis of Chinese-Cuban relations during the crisis and Fidel Castro's diplomatic skills in his relations with both the United States and Soviet Union.

  • November 19, 1962

    Letter from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Boissevain), 19 November 1962

    Boissevain reports to Amsterdam the current domestic situation in Cuba, with attention being paid to Havana. In his words, Cuba is "on a war footing," and describes the various posters with propagandistic slogans urging the people to stand strong against a possible American invasion.

  • November 19, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Czechoslovakia, 'The North Korean Charge d'Affaires in Czechoslovakia Discussed the Sino-Indian Border Issue and the Situation in Cuba'

    The Chinese Embassy in Czechoslovakia reports that North Korea supports China in the Sino-Indian Border War and conveys other information on the Cuban Missile Crisis gathered by Korean diplomats.

  • November 19, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Polish Leader Władysław Gomułka and British Journalist David Astor, 19 November 1962 (excerpt)

    Polish leader Władysław Gomułka and British journalist David Astor discuss the stand-off between the United States and the Soviet Union in the situation of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • November 20, 1962

    Message from Raul Roa to Ambassador Carlos Lechuga

  • November 20, 1962

    Memorandum from the Head of the USSR Merchant Fleet to the CC CPSU

    Bakaev tells the CC CPSU that Soviet ships en route to Cuba are subject to overhead flights and surveillance by Americans.

  • November 20, 1962

    Cable from Cuban Foreign Minister Raúl Roa to Cuban Mission to the United Nations (Lechuga), New York

    Instructions from Cuba's Foreign Minister, Roa, to Carlos Lechuga and the Cuban Mission to the UN on how they should handle presenting the Cuban points to the Brazilian proposal as amendments.

  • November 20, 1962

    Note for the Division of International Organizations regarding ICRC Involvement in the Cuba Inspections

    The Swiss Division of International Organizations describes the process of looking for reliable and especially politically unobjectionable constituents to staff the inspection team that will be deployed to Cuba.

  • November 20, 1962

    Cable from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Boissevain)

    The cable concerns the farewell dinner of Anastas Mikoyan, where Fidel Castro is notably absent, supposedly because he was seen drunk elsewhere. Mikoyan finally made Castro concede to UN Secretary General U Thant's last precondition to remove the IL-28 Soviet bombers from Cuba. Boissevain also reports on an air raid on a Cuban cargo ship, which was undamaged after receiving 11 bombs.

  • November 20, 1962

    Telegram from TROSTNIK (Soviet Defense Minister Rodion Malinovsky) to PAVLOV (General Isa Pliev)

    Malinovsky orders Pliev to load all tactical nuclear weapons on the ship “Atkarsk” and return them to the Soviet Union

  • November 20, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 9:30 a.m., Tuesday

    Pinto discusses Brazilian-Cuban relations since his arrival in December, especially during the period of crisis.

  • November 20, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'Cuban General Staff’s Military Intelligence Department Talked about American Air Intrusion'

    A report from the Military Attaché of the Embassy in Cuba to the Foreign Ministry and Military Intelligence Department discussing present concerns with American imperialism actions (flyovers, troops stationed in Guantanamo, etc.); also the Sino-Indian border problems.