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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 14, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Stalin

    Zhou Enlai requests military equipment and support for Chinese operations from the Soviet side, and asks for instructions on solving the issue of command relationships between the North Korean, Chinese, and Soviet forces.

  • October 19, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to the Chinese embassy in North Korea, stating that the main purpose of the embassy’s work is keeping in contact with the North Korean government and following the North Korean government’s actions.

  • October 29, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi

    Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi on agreements made with the Soviet side regarding pilots and air defenses at Andong.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on advising Kim Il Sung to remain optimistic and publicize the Chinese People's volunteer Army's involvement in the Korean War, stating that the opposing side is not prepared for a protracted war and thus is prone to panic.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai attempts to arrange a meeting between Kim Il Sung and two Chinese leaders, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang, to discuss military operations and arrangements.

  • November 12, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai instructs Chai Junwu to ask Kim Il Sung to change the wording of his statement at the Central Committee of the Motherland's United Front meeting, and also to ask whether Chai can accompany Kim in his visit to Peng Dehuai.

  • November 15, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Nie Rongzhen

    Zhou Enlai reports on the Soviet plans to strengthen the air force, presumably as a show of force to the American side.

  • November 16, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Zhou Enlai to Stalin for specific quantities of automobiles and fluids necessary for their operation--oil, grease, gasoline etc--in conjunction with movement of troops to North Korea.

  • November 17, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Zhou Enlai to Stalin for the rapid transfer of automobiles from Soviet forces on the Liaodong Peninsula rather than the Chinese rear.

  • November 17, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via Zakharov

    Stalin's affirmative response to Zhou Enlai's request of 16 November for automobiles.

  • December 03, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on how the Chinese side should respond when confronted with questions of whether China should back down in regards to the North Korean issue and the Taiwan issue. In particular, he emphasizes that the Chinese side should focus on blaming American imperialism for the invasions of North Korea and Taiwan and maintaining that China's involvement in these issues is essential.

  • December 07, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Gromyko to Roshchin Transmitting Message from Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai

    Message from Stalin to Zhou Enlai agreeing with Chinese conditions for a ceasefire and advising that the Chinese limit negotiations on a ceasefire until Seoul is liberated.

  • December 08, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Chen Yun

    Zhou Enlai reports on Soviet replies to telegrams from the Chinese side.

  • December 08, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    The CCP Central Committee gives instructions to the Chinese representatives to the UN on how to reply to confrontation over the Korean issue. The Chinese representatives are to express willingness to end military action as well as desire to know the UN and the U.S.'s positions on the conditions for an armistice.

  • December 09, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai reports to Mao Zedong on his talk with Zakharov about their strategic intentions and plans to cross the 38th parallel. Zakharov insists that one army should be moved to the Wonsan area to cover the southward-advancing flank, despite Zhou's disagreement with this move.

  • December 09, 1950

    Letter, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai asks for Mao Zedong's instructions on whether to attack Seoul in January or postpone the attack until March, and gives details on the benefits of postponing the attack.

  • December 12, 1950

    Report from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai sends detailed reports to Mao Zedong on new recruits from the Northeast; the replenishment of military supplies; the distribution of Soviet infantry weapons; the repair of railways and transportation; the condition of airports in North Korea; the use of artillery and tank units; and the stationing of command posts.

  • December 13, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai expresses that China is the most interested in the opinion of the U.S. and the UN regarding the conditions for an armistice on the Korean peninsula, and makes clear that the 38th parallel is no longer in existence.

  • December 16, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai advises the Chinese UN representatives on how to explain and respond to representatives from other countries regarding the Korea issue and the proposed armistice.

  • January 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Zakharov to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin informing him that his telegram of 11 January to Mao was received 12 January by Zhou Enlai.