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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 26, 1954

    Cable from Li Kenong, 'Concerning the Content of a Meeting between the Soviet, Chinese, and Vietnamese Delegations'

    The Chinese, Vietnamese, and Soviet delegations meet to discuss the division of zones in Indochina.

  • June 29, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Zhou Enlai

    Zhou is informed that the top secret documents are on its way to him.

  • June 29, 1954

    Telegram, Li Kenong to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and the Central Committee, 'Briefing on the Meeting by the Chinese, Soviet and Vietnamese Delegations'

    Li Kenong reports on his usual meeting between the Chinese, Soviet, and Vietnamese delegations. Kuznetsov says the French think the Vietnamese are too demanding. Also, the Vietnamese request more discussion on economic issues and less of zone division.

  • July 02, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Zhang Wentian, Wang Jiaxiang, and Li Kenong

    Zhou will arrive at 12:00 for the meeting.

  • July 03, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and the CCP Central Committee, 'A Brief Report on the Meetings at Liuzhou'

    During this first meeting in Liuzhou, the Comrade Vo makes a comprehensive presentation. Later, Zhou will give a report on the Geneva Conference and the international situation.

  • July 03, 1954

    Main points, Zhou Enlai's presentations at the Liuzhou Conference (excerpt)

    A summary of the main points of Zhou Enlai's presentations given at the Liuzhou Conference July 3-5. Zhou touches on the topic of crucial questions the communist parties are facing, Korea and US intervention, and conditions for armistice.

  • July 04, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and the CCP Central Committee, 'A Brief Report on the Meetings at Liuzhou'

    Zhou reports on his meeting in Liuzhou with Viet Minh General Vo Nguyen Giap and military advisor to the VWP Comrade Wei Guoqing. Both men made reports. Zhou then discussed issues at the Geneva Conference.

  • July 05, 1954

    Transcript, Ho Chi Minh's presentation at the Liuzhou Conference (excerpt)

    In his speech to the Liuzhou Conference, Ho Chi Minh thanks Premier Zhou for helping the Communist Party of Indochina. Ho Chi Minh then goes on to talk about the situation in Vietnam, and how they should be pursuing peace, but preparing for both war.

  • July 10, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation at Dinner in Honor of Mendes-France, French Prime Minister and Foreign Minister

    Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov and French Prime Minister Mendes-France discuss the upcoming Geneva Convention at a dinner in honor of Mendes-France. The two then discuss Vietnam and Mendes-France’s planned meeting with Vietnamese (DRV) foreign minister Pham Van Dong, as well as a possible redefining of the demarcation line between North and South Vietnam.

  • July 11, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and convey to Ho Chi Minh (excerpt)

    In this telegram Zhou Enlai first recounts his meeting with leaders of the Soviet Party and their discussion on the topic of the Geneva Conference. In the second part he says that the communist side has not proposed concession on the question of dividing zones, and lastly Zhou says that he will be leaving soon for Geneva to meet with Molotov and Eden before the conference resumes.

  • July 13, 1954

    Minutes, Zhou Enlai's Meeting with Mendès-France (Excerpt)

    The minutes of the meeting between Zhou Enlai and Pierre Mendès-France. The topic of the discussion mostly revolves around the question of the demarcation line in Vietnam and the progress of the Geneva Conference.

  • July 14, 1954

    Letter, Young P. Lee, Acting Chairman of Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Central Liaison Office, to Nguyen Van Tam

    Young P. Lee writes to Nguyen Van Tam and urges him to send delgates to the Central Liaison Office of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League in Seoul.

  • July 14, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and the CCP Central Committee (excerpt)

    In this telegram Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and the CCP Central Committee that Mendès-France hopes to reach an agreement by July 20 and insists that concessions be made in regards to the demarcation line.

  • July 15, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Wei Guoqing (excerpt)

    In this telegram Zhou Enlai informs Wei Guoqing that a ceasefire is in the works and asks him to propose to the Vietnamese side to that they work out a plan for withdrawal of the People's Army.

  • July 15, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation at Dinner in Honor of French Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Mendes-France

    The discussion between Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov and French Prime Minister Pierre Mendes-France begin with talk of the draft and revisions of the French delegation’s proposal for the Geneva Convention. Elections in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and the line of demarcation between North and South Vietnam are discussed as well.

  • July 16, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong

    Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov describes his earlier conversations with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Prime Minister Pierre Mendes-France to Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Vietnamese Vice-Premier Pham Van Dong. Eden told Molotov in their conversation that he preferred military issues to be primarily in the cease-fire agreement between Vietnam and France, rather than in France’s draft of its Geneva Conference declaration. Molotov’s discussion with Mendes-France dealt with elections in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, the line of demarcation between North and South Vietnam, and the withdrawal of foreign troops from Vietnam.

  • July 17, 1954

    From the Journal of Vyacheslav Molotov: Memorandum of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong

    Record of a conversation between Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai and North Vietnamese Foreign Minister Pham Van Dong. Topics included the situation in Indochina in light of the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu, and the 1954 Geneva Conference (3 days shy of ending and deciding the political fate of Vietnam).

  • July 17, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong

    Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, and Vietnamese Vice-Premier Pham Van Dong discuss various topics relevant to the Geneva Convention, including the construction of foreign military bases in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, the line of demarcation between North and South Vietnam, the establishment of regrouping zones in northeast Laos, the withdrawal of foreign troops from Indochina, and the possible formation of an international supervisory commission.

  • July 18, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Harold Caccia

    Caccia informs Zhang that Eden will not bring up the issue of the Indochina countries joining Southeast Asian if an agreement is reached at the conference. Zhang notes that both the French and Vietnamese feel they've made enough concessions regarding regrouping areas in Laos. Caccia mentions Vietnam's rejection of the proposed make-up of the NNSC, and Zhang and Caccia discuss the need for a definite election date in Vietnam.

  • July 19, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Harold Caccia, First Meeting

    Zhang and Caccia discuss three points. First Caccia mentions the French are primarily concerned with Route 9, and makes suggestions for this. Secondly, Caccia notes the French do not see elections occurring for another couple of years. Finally, Caccia makes clear that if an agreement is reached at the conference, there is no need for the Indochina countries to join military alliances.