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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 07, 1941

    Concerning the Sin'tszyanolovo Concession in Xinjiang

    The Soviet Politburo approves the Narkomtsvetmet's 1941 work plan for the Sin'tszyanolovo concession and outlines the tasks related to the concession for which the NKVD, NKO, Civil Air Fleet, Narkomtsvetmet, and the Council of Ministers are respectively responsible.

  • March 07, 1941

    Work Plan of the Narkomtsvetmet Sin'tszysnolovo Concession for 1941

    The Narkomtsvetmet (People's Commissariat of Nonferrous Metallurgy) outlines the work plan for the Sin'tszyanolovo concession in 1941, including exploration work for tin and tungsten in the Bortala River basin and conducting a geological survey and prospecting for mineral deposits in the Altai, Kashgar, Ghulja, and Hotan districts.

  • April 19, 1941

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Politburo issued 5.25 million rubles to support the NKO's operations in the Mongolian People's Republic and Xinjiang, the independent NKVD rifle battalion in Xinjiang, and the topographic detachment in Xinjiang until the end of 1941.

  • March 20, 1942

    Concerning Signing of an Agreement with the Government of Xinjiang about the Operation of the Dushanzi Refinery

    The Politburo approves the establishment of a mixed Soviet-Xinjiang company to operate the Dushanzi Refinery and outlines the company's management and funding structure.

  • May 04, 1942

    Excerpt from Operations Log of the Urumqi Military Hospital

    The record describes the fatal injuries suffered Sheng Shiqi, the Commander of the Mechanized Brigade of Xinjiang, and brother of Sheng Shicai.

  • May 10, 1942

    Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov

    Governor Sheng describes the investigation into Sheng Shiqi's (the Commander of the Mechanized Brigade of Xinjiang) death, which revealed that Chen Xiuying (his wife) murdered him under pressure from Xiao Zuoxin, the assistant to the Director of the Urumqi office of the Native Corporation. He also reports that Kruglov, Soviet advisor for trade matters, intentionally disrupted trade between the Soviet Union and Xinjiang because of the Xinjiang government's alleged anti-Soviet attitude.

  • July 03, 1942

    Letter from Cde. V. M. Molotov to Governor Shicai Sheng

    Molotov rejects all the accusations leveled against Cdes. Bakulin, Rakov, and other senior Soviet officials in Governor Sheng's earlier letter as completely unfounded and criticizes his repression of senior figures in the Xinjiang government. Molotov also expresses his belief that "secret agents of an imperialist power hostile to China" have made Sheng their tool.

  • July 07, 1942

    Letter to the Soviet Ambassador in Chongqing

    At the instruction of the Soviet government and Cde. Stalin personally, the Soviet ambassador to China is instructed to inform Chiang Kai-shek of the worrying views expressed by Shicai Sheng in his recent letter to Stalin, Voroshilov, and Molotov and present him with the text of Molotov's reply.

  • September 06, 1942

    Letter to Stalin from Lee Chang-chen, Commander-in-Chief of the Korean Army in China

    Lee Chang-chen asks Stalin to strengthen the Red Army fighting against the Japanese in the Far East in order to bring about the liberation of Korea faster.

  • February 23, 1943

    Letter to Stalin from the Union for the National Liberation of Korea

    The author celebrates the Red Army’s victory in the battle of Stalingrad and expresses his support for Stalin an communism.

  • May 04, 1943

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 40 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces that it "cannot tolerate such provocative activity" of Xinjiang Governor Sheng Shicai and that it will provide support to rebels "in their struggle against the repressive colonialist policy of the Governor."

  • May 10, 1943

    Letter to Stalin from Korean Political Parties and Other Organizations which are Based in China

    The author celebrates Stalin’s victories against fascist forces and asks Stalin to aid Korea and to recognize the Korean Provisional government.

  • May 13, 1943

    Communist Labor Conference

    Information on a Communist conference to take place in China on the same day as the conference occurring in Milan.

  • November 26, 1943

    The Cairo Declaration

    Roosevelt, Churchhill, and Jiang Jieshi declare that they are "fighting this war to restraint and punish the aggression of Japan."

  • 1944

    The Truth about the Events in Xinjiang

    An anonymous report on Soviet-Guomindang relations in Xinjiang, and political developments in Xinjiang since 1933.

  • January 22, 1944

    Stalin’s Conversation with Choibalsan

    Conversations between Joseph Stalin and Khorloogiin Choibalsan about Mongolia and efforts to defend against possible Chinese attacks during World War II.

  • February 03, 1944

    Paraphrase of Outgoing Navy Cable - Moscow, February 3, 1944

    W. Averell Harriman and Joseph Stalin discuss information the Russian have gathered from Japanese sources about future Japanese plans and troop movements during World War II.

  • March 23, 1944

    Letter No. 93 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    L.D. Wilgress and the Chinese Ambassador to Moscow, Fu Bingchang (Foo Ping-sheung), discuss Soviet movements in Xinjiang.

  • April 03, 1944

    Cyper No. 105 the Canadian Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, Ottawa

    The Canadian Ambassador in Moscow reports, on the basis of Soviet newspapers, that turmoil is ongoing along the Xinjiang-Mongolia border.

  • May 31, 1944

    Letter No. 180 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    Fu Bingchang (Foo Ping-sheung) relays his views on relations among the Great Powers, Soviet involvement in Xinjiang, and the rifts between the Nationalists and Communists within China.