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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 29, 1977

    Attachement to the memorandum of conversation with Ethiopian Foreign Secretary Dawit Wolde Giorgis.

    Memorandum on US Operation "Fakel" [Torch], which the United States was supposedly planning in order to destabilize the Ethiopian regime. It involved the arming of internal opposition groups with US weapons. This report was attached to the memorandum of conversation with Ethiopian Foreign Secretary Dawit Wolde Giorgis.

  • November 07, 1977

    Conversation between F. Trappen and K. Brutents (excerpts)

    The conversation focuses on the problems that Ethiopia is encountering with the Eritrean Liberation Movement

  • November 08, 1977

    CPSU CC to SED CC, Information on 30-31 October 1977 Closed Visit of Mengistu Haile Mariam to Moscow

    The memo concerns the visit of Mariam to Moscow and his meeting with the Central Committee. During the meeting he described the problems facing the Ethiopian regime, primarily the war with Somalia and relations with the other countries in the Horn of Africa.

  • December 07, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation, East German Official with Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov

    The memo details a conversation between Ratanov and an East German official. The talk covered the ongoing war with Somalia and the internal political situation of Ethiopia

  • 1978

    Information from D. Stoyanov to T. Zhivkov on the Internal Situation and Foreign Policy of Ethiopia

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov reports on the political situation in Ethiopia during the late 1970s. The economic hardship is pushing Mengistu’s government to accept Western aid, in addition to the support it is getting from the Soviet bloc. Mengistu also seems to be critical of the anti-Soviet policy of China.

  • January 16, 1978

    British Foreign Office, 'Soviet Role in the Horn of Africa'

    Drawing upon British concerns with respect to their possible reaction to Moscow’s support for Ethiopia against Somalia’s aggression, the Foreign Office Planning Staff looks into the wider international implications of the conflict in the Horn.

  • January 31, 1978

    Memorandum of a Conversation between East German leader Erich Honecker and Siassi Aforki, General Secretary of the Revolutionary Party of Eritrea, in Berlin

    Aforki briefs Honecker and SED leadership on the current situation in Ethiopia in relation to the Eritrean movement for independence.

  • February 10, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between East German official Paul Markovski and CPSU CC International Department head Boris N. Ponomarev in Moscow

    The two men discussed the current situation in Ethiopia and focused on the assistance the Soviet Union and Cuba was providing to the Ethiopians. They also talked about the role the United States was playing in the Horn of Africa

  • February 13, 1978

    SED CC, Department of International Relations, 16 February 1978, Report on Conversation with [Vice-president] Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, Member of the Politburo of the CP Cuba, in Havana

    Ambassador Langer discusses with Rodriguez the current situation in Ethiopia, focusing on the Eritrean liberation movement and the ongoing war with Somalia. They also discuss levels of assistance by various outside powers to the region

  • February 16, 1978

    Embassy of the GDR in the USSR, Political Department, 17 February 1978, Memorandum of Conversation with the Dep. Head of the MFA Third Department (Africa), Comrade S. J. Sinitsin

    Sinitsin briefs the East German embassy in Moscow on the current situation in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. The briefing focuses on the ongoing war with Somalia and the internal situation in Ethiopia

  • March 03, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation of SED Comrade Lamberz with Cuban Ambassador to Ethiopia, Comrade Pepe, Addis Ababa

    The conversation focuses on outside support of the situation in the Horn of Africa. Specifically Soviet, Cuban, and US support for the various countries and groups

  • March 09, 1978

    Minutes of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting, 9 March 1978 (excerpt)

    The minutes focus on a meeting at which the Politburo is discussing a request by Siad Barre (leader of Somalia) to mediate the ongoing war with Ethiopia

  • April 03, 1978

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Background Report on Soviet-Ethiopian Relations

    The report covers all aspect of relations between Ethiopia and the Soviet Union from 1974 onwards. It focuses on forms of cooperation and support for the country during its war with Somalia

  • April 03, 1978

    Soviet Foreign Ministry and CPSU CC International Department Background Report on the Somali-Ethiopian Conflict

    The report provides a general background regarding the war between Somalia and Ethiopia. It covers all aspects of the conflict including outside support for both countries from the Soviet Union, Cuba, and the United States.

  • April 04, 1978

    Memorandum on Soviet Reaction to Libyan Proposal on Somali-Ethiopian Conflict

    A memo prepared by the SED on a Libyan proposal for a political settlement of the Somali-Ethiopian war

  • April 19, 1978

    Draft Letter from Honecker to Brezhnev on Ethiopian-Eritrean Talks, 19 April 1978

    The letter is written by Honecker to inform Brezhnev about talks that were held between Aforki (Eritrea) and Mengistu (Ethiopia). The talks focused on the development of autonomy for the Eritreans.

  • May 11, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between [SED] Comrade Friedel Trappen and Soviet Comrade R. A. Ulyanovsky in the CC of the CPSU

    The conversation focused on the negotiations between Ethiopia and the Eritrean Liberation Movement. The talks were focusing on how the Eritreans could obtain a certain degree of regional autonomy

  • June 09, 1978

    Winkelmann to Hermann Axen

    Winkelman is describing a recent speech by Mengistu, the leader of Ethiopia

  • June 19, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between Grabowski and Sinitsin in Moscow

    Describes a conversation that covers a speech Mengistu gave on June 14 and also a general discussion of the Horn of Africa. It focuses on international support to the different parties involved

  • July 14, 1978

    Minutes of Meeting of CPSU CC Politburo (excerpt)

    A general conversation amongst Politburo members regarding the current state of relations with the Ethiopian regime and how it could be improved. (excerpt)