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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 07, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Canada cable 5446 to State Department

    Canadian response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear development, agreeing to cooperate fully and expressing surprise that Pakistan was attempting to complete the reprocessing plant.

  • November 08, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Spain cable 13357 to State Department

    Spanish response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear development, agreeing to cooperate fully.

  • November 09, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Netherlands cable 6352 to State Department

    Dutch response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear development, agreeing to cooperate fully. Foreign Minister van der Klaauw also express concern about less developed countries ("LDCs") that consider non-proliferation discriminatory.

  • November 09, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Japan cable 19874 to State Department

    Japanese response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear development, describing recent discussions between Pakistan and Japan that touched on nuclear issues.

  • November 09, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Austria cable 10233 to State Department

    Austrian response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear development, agreeing to cooperate fully.

  • November 13, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistan Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Spain Cable 13257 to State Department

    British ambassador's meeting with Spanish Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs to discuss the UK demarche on inverter exports. Under Secretary agrees to cooperate and block all loopholes.

  • November 13, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Belgium cable 21508 to State Department

    Belgian response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear developement, agreeing to cooperate fully.

  • November 14, 1978

    'Achieving USG Nonproliferation Objectives in Pakistan,' US Embassy Pakistan Cable 1119 to State Department

    U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan advises against informing the Indian government about U.S. concerns over Pakistan's nuclear program. It would have an "adverse impact" for the U.S. government to be seen colluding with India by Pakistan.

  • November 14, 1978

    Letter, Ambassador Michael Mansfield to Gerard C. Smith

    The letter describes Ambassador Mansfield's assessment of Japanese nonproliferation policy and Japan's skepticism about President Carter's nuclear policy.

  • November 14, 1978

    Notes on Yasser Arafat's Visit to Moscow in October 1978

    A synopsis of discussions between Moscow and PLO Leader Yasser Arafat that had occurred on October 29, 1978. The Russians expressed concern that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has participated in peace agreements with Israel and the U.S. The Russians framed this as anti-Arab and assured Arafat that they supported Arafat and his "progressive" policies. The Soviet Union aligns itself firmly with the PLO and those in the Arab world that reject cooperation with the U.S. and Israel. Due to these discussions, the first joint Soviet-PLO communique was issued, which pleased the Palestinians.

  • November 17, 1978

    'Achieving USG Nonproliferation Objectives in Pakistan,' US Embassy India Cable 17682

    U.S. Ambassador to India reports that the Indian government is aware that the U.S. believes Pakistan seeks nuclear weapons capability. An Indian diplomat informed him that Pakistan was two to three years away from nuclear capability.

  • November 17, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Switzerland cable 5836 to State Department

    Swiss response to U.S. demarche on Pakistani nuclear development, agreeing to cooperate fully.

  • November 18, 1978

    'Pakistan Proliferation Problem,' Department of State Cable 292469 to US Embassy United Kingdom

    Discussion of a British list of countries that were actual or potential manufacturers of inverters. The U.S. does not want to approach any "nuclear threshold states" yet because some might not cooperate or might inform Pakistan. Also discusses strategies for approaching the Soviet Union and China in the future.

  • November 21, 1978

    US Embassy Stockholm Cable 4662 to State Department, 'UK Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant'

    Cable from U.S. Embassy in Stockholm debating Swedish responsiveness to U.S. and British demarches on inverters and reprocessing technology. It was an open question whether the Swedes were putting inverters on their trigger list and the U.S. would stay in touch with their British colleagues.

  • November 22, 1978

    'Pakistan Reprocessing Plant,' Department of State Cable 285178 to US Embassy Paris

    French officials hope to avoid a confrontation with Pakistan and want to maintain dialogue until it is clear whether Bhutto will be executed. French civil engineers are working at the Chasma plant site and keeping the French government informed of the situation.

  • November 22, 1978

    Meeting of the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Treaty Member Countries

    Meeting minutes taken by Romanian Ambassador Vasile Sandru at sessions of the Warsaw Treaty Political Consultative Committee, taking place in Moscow on 22-23 November 1978. Session I contains a speech by Leonid Brezhnev in which he discusses détente, Warsaw Pact economic cooperation, disarmament, national liberation movements, and relations with China, the Western countries, and Japan. In Session II and III political leaders of the other Warsaw member countries respond to Brezhnev’s speech. Session IV features a report by Commander-in-Chief Viktor Kulikov on the United Armed Forces. He recommends an increase in military expenditures. All of the leaders agree, except for Nicolae Ceausescu of Romania.

  • November 24, 1978

    'Pakistan Proliferation Problem,' US Embassy United Kingdom Cable 19322 to Department of State

    Britain agrees with U.S. thinking on the matter of State Department cable 292469, except on its approach to the Soviet Union. Britain decided not to approach the Soviets because they were unsure whether Moscow’s “commitment to nonproliferation outweighs their special political interests vis-à-vis Pakistan.”

  • November 28, 1978

    Information on the Developments in Nicaragua

    Report which outlines the activity of leftist opposition movements in Nicaragua in their attempt to overthrow the rule of Somoza. The text gives an account of the support which various leftist opposition organizations have received from neighboring countries. According to the information, the following groups have overtly expressed discontent with the ruling regime: The Democratic Union for Liberation, the “Group of Twelve,” the Nicaraguan Democratic Movement, and the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). Those movements have been supported politically, financially, and in some instances with military aid, by the governments of Venezuela, Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, and Cuba. The text suggests that two factors have contributed to the escalating tension in Nicaragua – the internal struggle against the regime combined with pressures from outside, coming mainly from the USA, to keep the regime in place.

  • November 30, 1978

    Report on South African-American Talks held in Washington on 20, 21, and 22 November 1978 in connection with the "Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act, 1978" (NNPA)

  • December, 1978

    East German Report on the Tenth Interkit Meeting in Havana, December 1978

    This report, issued after the tenth Interkit meeting in Havana, addresses China's domestic and foreign policies. China is said to be obstructing the process of international détente by developing relations with NATO and West Germany. The report condemns the Chinese interference in Romanian, Yugoslavian and Korean politics. The authors believe that China is trying to divide the Socialist countries into two opposing groups. The newly intensified Chinese-US relations are criticized, as is China's policy of allowing more Western influence to shape its domestic policies and economic strategies.